Mari, Mārī, Māri: 11 definitions



Mari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Mārī (मारी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Mārī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mārī (मारी).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Mārī (मारी) refers to one of the twelve Dhāriṇīs according to the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Dhāriṇī is a peculiar kind of Buddhist literature which is supposed to generate great mystic power if repeated continually for a long time. They are short works mostly composed of meaningless syllables, sometimes revealing traces of a language now defunct. [...] The deification of books is not unknown in Buddhism. [...] The Niṣpannayogavālī acknowledges altogether twelve Dhāriṇī (viz., Mārī) deities and gives their descriptions. These Dhāriṇīs look alike when represented and they are usually two-armed, holding the Viśvavajra in the right hand and their special symbols in the left.

Mārī is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Mārī is reddish-white in colour and holds in her left hand the needle with string”.

[Her Colour is white; her Symbol is the needle and string; she has two arms.—When conceived in the form of deities, the Dhāriṇīs (viz., Mārī) are endowed with one face and two arms. They all hold in their right hand the double thunderbolt or the viśvavajra, while in the left they carry their own special symbols.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mari : (aor. of marati) died.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

marī (मरी).—f (maraka S) Epidemic disease, a pestilence. 2 (maraṇēṃ) Dying or extremely sick state. Ex. mājhī āī marīsa ālī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

marī (मरी).—f A pestilence. Dyiag state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. [mṛ-ṇic-ini]

1) A pestilence, plague; दुर्भिक्षमार्यरिष्टानि (durbhikṣamāryariṣṭāni) Bhāg.1.56.11.

2) Killing, ruin.

Derivable forms: māriḥ (मारिः).

--- OR ---

Mārī (मारी).—

1) Plague, pestilence, an epidemic.

2) Pestilence personified (the goddess presiding over plagues and identified with Durgā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. (Sanskrit māri, and Lex. māri; AMg. both), plague, pestilence: mārir utsṛṣṭā Divyāvadāna 578.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. (-riḥ-rī) 1. Killing. 2. Ruin. 3. Plague, epidemic. E. mṛ to die, causal form, i aff.: see māra and mārī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māri (मारि).— (vb. mṛ), f. 1. Killing. 2. Plague.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marī (मरी):—See kara-marī.

2) Mārī (मारी):—[from māra] a f. killing, slaughter, [Prasannarāghava]

3) [v.s. ...] pestilence (also personified as the goddess of death and identified with Durgā), [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

4) Māri (मारि):—[from māra] f. death, pestilence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (also = māraka mn.)

5) [v.s. ...] small-pox, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] killing, slaying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] rain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Mārī (मारी):—b See under māra.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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