Mari, Mārī, Māri: 21 definitions

Introduction:

Mari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Mārī (मारी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Mārī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Mārī (मारी).—A mind-born mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Māri (मारि) in Prakrit refers to a “husband”, while in Sanskrit it refers to “epidemic, scourge” (considered as a test or a punishment inflicted by any deity), as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—Cf. vikr and magical creation.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Mari in the Garo language is the name of a plant identified with Spatholobus parviflorus (DC.) Kuntze from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Butea parviflora, Spatholobus roxburghii, Butea sericophylla. For the possible medicinal usage of mari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Mari in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Caryota urens Caryota urens L. from the Arecaceae (Palm) family.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Mari in the Gujarati language refers to Marica, a medicinal plant identified with Piper nigrum Linn. or “black pepper” from the Piperaceae or “pepper” family of flowering plants, according to verse 6.30-32 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu.—The sixth chapter (pippalyādi-varga) of this book enumerates ninety-five varieties of plants obtained from the market (paṇyauṣadhi). Other than the Gujarati word Mari, there are more synonyms identified for this plant among which seventeen are in Sanskrit.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Mārī (मारी) refers to one of the twelve Dhāriṇīs according to the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Dhāriṇī is a peculiar kind of Buddhist literature which is supposed to generate great mystic power if repeated continually for a long time. They are short works mostly composed of meaningless syllables, sometimes revealing traces of a language now defunct. [...] The deification of books is not unknown in Buddhism. [...] The Niṣpannayogavālī acknowledges altogether twelve Dhāriṇī (viz., Mārī) deities and gives their descriptions. These Dhāriṇīs look alike when represented and they are usually two-armed, holding the Viśvavajra in the right hand and their special symbols in the left.

Mārī is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Mārī is reddish-white in colour and holds in her left hand the needle with string”.

[Her Colour is white; her Symbol is the needle and string; she has two arms.—When conceived in the form of deities, the Dhāriṇīs (viz., Mārī) are endowed with one face and two arms. They all hold in their right hand the double thunderbolt or the viśvavajra, while in the left they carry their own special symbols.]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mari : (aor. of marati) died.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

marī (मरी).—f (maraka S) Epidemic disease, a pestilence. 2 (maraṇēṃ) Dying or extremely sick state. Ex. mājhī āī marīsa ālī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

marī (मरी).—f A pestilence. Dyiag state.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. [mṛ-ṇic-ini]

1) A pestilence, plague; दुर्भिक्षमार्यरिष्टानि (durbhikṣamāryariṣṭāni) Bhāgavata 1.56.11.

2) Killing, ruin.

Derivable forms: māriḥ (मारिः).

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Mārī (मारी).—

1) Plague, pestilence, an epidemic.

2) Pestilence personified (the goddess presiding over plagues and identified with Durgā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. (Sanskrit māri, and Lex. māri; AMg. both), plague, pestilence: mārir utsṛṣṭā Divyāvadāna 578.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māri (मारि).—f. (-riḥ-rī) 1. Killing. 2. Ruin. 3. Plague, epidemic. E. mṛ to die, causal form, i aff.: see māra and mārī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māri (मारि).— (vb. mṛ), f. 1. Killing. 2. Plague.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Marī (मरी):—See kara-marī.

2) Mārī (मारी):—[from māra] a f. killing, slaughter, [Prasannarāghava]

3) [v.s. ...] pestilence (also personified as the goddess of death and identified with Durgā), [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

4) Māri (मारि):—[from māra] f. death, pestilence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (also = māraka mn.)

5) [v.s. ...] small-pox, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] killing, slaying, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] rain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Mārī (मारी):—b See under māra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Māri (मारि):—(riḥ) 2. f. Death; ruin; plague.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Māri (मारि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Māri, Mārī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mārī (मारी):—(nf) see [mahāmārī].

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Māri (मारि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Māri.

2) Māri (मारि) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mārin.

3) Mārī (मारी) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Mārī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mari (ಮರಿ):—

1) [noun] a young one of an animal.

2) [noun] a very young child; a baby; an infant.

3) [noun] a snake or serpent.

4) [noun] a sheep, ram, goat, etc. meant to be sacrificed to propiate a deity.

5) [noun] that which is small.

6) [noun] the state or period of being an infant; infancy.

7) [noun] a heir-nominate of the pontiff a Vīraśaiva muth or monastery:.

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Maṟi (ಮಱಿ):—

1) [noun] a young one of an animal.

2) [noun] a very young child; a baby; an infant.

3) [noun] a snake or serpent.

4) [noun] a sheep, ram, goat, etc. meant to be sacrificed to propiate a deity.

5) [noun] that which is small.

6) [noun] the state or period of being an infant; infancy.

7) [noun] a heir-nominate of the pontiff a Vīraśaiva muth or monastery:.

--- OR ---

Māri (ಮಾರಿ):—

1) [adjective] large; very big.

2) [adjective] evil; corrupt; base; wicked.

3) [adjective] causing fear; terrible; frightening; gruesome.

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Māri (ಮಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] the act of killing gruesomely.

2) [noun] cessation of life; death.

3) [noun] something that causes fatal injury; an instance of being fatally injured.

4) [noun] any of several epidemic diseases as plague, cholera, etc. that spreads rapidly and causes death in a large scale.

5) [noun] a petty goddess who is believed to cause these diseases.

6) [noun] the goddess of death.

7) [noun] (myth.) destruction of all living beings at the time of Great Deluge (i.e. at the time of destruction of the universe).

8) [noun] (fig.) harm; hazard; jeopardy.

9) [noun] the tree Grewia rotundifolia ( = G. orbiculata) of Tiliaceae family.

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Mārī (ಮಾರೀ):—[verb] to pay in return or give something for having received something.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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