Mandakranta, aka: Mandākrāntā, Manda-akranta, Manda-kranta, Mandākrantā; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mandakranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mandakranta in Natyashastra glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is another name for Śrīdhara, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first four, the tenth, the eleventh, the thirteenth, the fourteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦

Mandākrāntā falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre Mandākrāntā, containing seventeen syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ma, bha, na, ta and ta. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Mandakranta in Chandas glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

1) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in the Suvṛttatilaka ascribed to Kṣemendra (11th century). The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Mandākrāntā) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Mandākrāntā corresponds to Śrīdharī (according to Barata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Mandākrāntā) in 20 verses.

4) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., mandākrāntā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

5) Mandākrantā (मन्दाक्रन्ता) refers to one of the 34 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the Vṛttamaṇimañjūṣā, whose authorship could be traced (also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXXI. p. 7).

6) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) refers to one of the seventy-two sama-varṇavṛtta (regular syllabo-quantitative verse) mentioned in the 334th chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the mandākrāntā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mandakranta in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता).—Name of a metre; see App.I; सुवशा कालिदासस्य मन्दाक्रान्ता प्रवल्गति । सदश्व- दमकस्येव काम्बोजतुरगाङ्गना (suvaśā kālidāsasya mandākrāntā pravalgati | sadaśva- damakasyeva kāmbojaturagāṅganā) || According to prof. Sukumāra Sen, Kālidāsa is the inventor of this metre.

Mandākrāntā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms manda and ākrāntā (आक्रान्ता).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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