Mandakranta, aka: Mandākrāntā; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mandakranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is another name for Śrīdhara, which refers to a type of syllabic metre (vṛtta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 16. In this metre, the first four, the tenth, the eleventh, the thirteenth, the fourteenth and the seventeenth syllables of a foot (pāda) are heavy (guru), while the rest of the syllables are light (laghu).

⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦
⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦⎼⎼⎼¦⎼⏑⏑¦⏑⏑⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⎼⎼⏑¦⏑⎼¦¦

Mandākrāntā falls in the Atyaṣṭi class of chandas (rhythm-type), which implies that verses constructed with this metre have four pādas (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’) containing seventeen syllables each.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) of the Vṛtta-type (akṣarachandas: metres regulated by akṣaras, syllabes).—The metre Mandākrāntā, containing seventeen syllables in each and every quarter and the gaṇas are ma, bha, na, ta and ta. This metre is found to be employed in the Śrīkaṇṭhacarita.

(Source): Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) refers to one of the 27 metres mentioned in Kṣemendra’s Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody considered as unique in its nature. In this work Kṣemendra neither introduces any new metre nor discusses all the metres used in his time. He discusses 27 popular metres (eg., Mandākrāntā) which were used frequently by the poets.

2) Mandākrāntā (मन्दाक्रान्ता) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Mandākrāntā corresponds to Śrīdharī (according to Barata). Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ. This is a peculiar feature of Sanskrit prosody.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

Relevant definitions

Search found 3 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Shridhara
Śrīdhara (श्रीधर).—A grammarian of the last century who has written a commentary named श्रीधरी ...
Virupaksha
Virupākṣa (विरुपाक्ष) is one of the authors of Sanskrit prosody that have enriched the Sanskrit...
Shridhari
Śrīdharī (श्रीधरी) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemac...

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