Locana, aka: Locanā; 7 Definition(s)


Locana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lochana.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Locana (लोचन).—Among northern authors, Locana in his Rāgataraṅgiṇī (18th century) mentions 12 rāga-saṃsthitis (another name for janaka-meḷas/ melās). He also speaks of rāgiṇīs.

Source: archive.org: The Ragas Of Karnatic Music
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

1) Locanā (लोचना) is the presiding deity of the northern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra. She is the presiding lady (kuleśvarī) of the karma (Amoghasiddhi) family. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī, which is modeled upon the twelve-armed Cakrasaṃvara, thus inhibiting many similar iconographical features.

Locanā has three faces of three colors (green, white and red) and is to be visualised as naked and wearing only a agarland of heads, dancing upon the four māras. She has six arms and her attributes include the cihnam (family emblem), the vajra, the double vajra, a red lotus and a wheel.

The lotus upon which Locanā presides has 6 petals and corresponding goddesses residing in pīṭhas (sacred site):

  1. Laṅkeśvarī in Devīkoṭa,
  2. Drumacchāyā in Mālava,
  3. Airāvatī in Kāmarūpa,
  4. Mahābhairavā in Oḍra,
  5. Vāyuvegā in Triśakuni,
  6. Surābhakṣī in Kośala.

The Vārāhyabhyudayatantra is an explanatory tantra on the Laghuśaṃvara, but its verses are largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra, a scriputre describing various sādhanas (path towards spiritual realization).

2) Locanā (लोचना) is an alternative name of Pātanī: a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the Abhisamayamañjarī. Pātanī is alternatively known by the name Locanā one of the traditional consorts of the Buddha and a mother of the yogatantra system. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Locanā is associated with the element space and the color yellow. She is to be visualised as assuming a kāpālika form, naked with loose hair and holding tantric attributes in their four arms.

The Abhisamayamañjarī by Śākyarakṣita is a Buddhist tantric text closely related to the Herukābhisamaya by Lūyīpāda, which in turn is probably based upon the Yoginīsaṃcāratantra.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Locana in Pali glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

locana : (nt.) the eye.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Locana, 2 (nt.) (fr. Loc. Caus. of luñcati) pulling, tearing out D. I, 167 (kesa-massu°); A. I, 296; Pug. 55. (Page 588)

2) Locana, 1 (fr. loc or lok to see; Dhtp 532 & Dhtm 766: loc= dassana) the eye; adj. (-°) having eyes. (of ... ) Pv. I, 115 (miga-manda°); PvA. 57, 90 (pingala°). (Page 588)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

lōcana (लोचन).—n (S) An eye.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōcana (लोचन).—n An eye.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Locana (लोचन).—a. (- f.)

1) Illuminating, brightening.

2) Visible.

-nam [locyate'nena loc-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Seeing, sight, viewing.

2) The eye; शेषान् मासान् गमय चतुरो लोचने मीलयित्वा (śeṣān māsān gamaya caturo locane mīlayitvā) Me.112.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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