Locana, Locanā: 16 definitions

Introduction

Locana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Lochana.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The Ragas Of Karnatic Music

Locana (लोचन).—Among northern authors, Locana in his Rāgataraṅgiṇī (18th century) mentions 12 rāga-saṃsthitis (another name for janaka-meḷas/ melās). He also speaks of rāgiṇīs.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Locanā (लोचना) is the Śakti, or female counterpart (spiritual consort) of Vairocana: one of the Dhyāni-Buddhas, according to Vajrayāna or Tantric Buddhism.—Her colour is white; she has two arms; and her symbol is the discuss.—The Dhyāni Buddhas are all associated with their Śakti or female counterpart and an offspring or Bodhisattva. They fall into a separate group of five or six if Vajrasattva is added. Locanā belongs to the Tathāgata family to which the Dhyāni Buddha Vairocana also belongs. Thus Locanā is the, Śakti or the female counterpart of the Dhyāni Buddha Vairocana.

A short Dhyāna in the Advayavajrasaṃgraha describes Locanā’s form thus:—“On the disc of the moon on the petal in the Agni corner there is Locanā originating from the white germ syllable Loṃ. She is white in colour, bears the recognition symbol of the discus, and is the embodient of the cosimc element of Earth. She belongs to the Tathāgata family an is steeped in delusion”.

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

1) Locanā (लोचना) is the presiding deity of the northern lotus of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala, according to the Vārāhyabhyudayatantra (largerly extracted from the 10th century Abhidhānottaratantra). She is the presiding lady (kuleśvarī) of the karma (Amoghasiddhi) family. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī, which is modeled upon the twelve-armed Cakrasaṃvara, thus inhibiting many similar iconographical features.

Locanā has three faces of three colors (green, white and red) and is to be visualised as naked and wearing only a agarland of heads, dancing upon the four māras. She has six arms and her attributes include the cihnam (family emblem), the vajra, the double vajra, a red lotus and a wheel.

The lotus upon which Locanā presides has 6 petals and corresponding goddesses residing in pīṭhas (sacred site):

  1. Laṅkeśvarī in Devīkoṭa,
  2. Drumacchāyā in Mālava,
  3. Airāvatī in Kāmarūpa,
  4. Mahābhairavā in Oḍra,
  5. Vāyuvegā in Triśakuni,
  6. Surābhakṣī in Kośala.

2) Locanā (लोचना) is an alternative name of Pātanī: a deity to be contemplated upon by a practicioner purifying his correspondences (viśuddhi), according to the 12th-century Abhisamayamañjarī. Pātanī is alternatively known by the name Locanā one of the traditional consorts of the Buddha and a mother of the yogatantra system. The contemplation is prescribed as a preliminary ritual for a yogin wishing to establish, or reestablish the union with a deity.

Locanā is associated with the element space and the color yellow. She is to be visualised as assuming a kāpālika form, naked with loose hair and holding tantric attributes in their four arms.

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Locanā (लोचना) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Locana forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Hṛdayacakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the hṛdayacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Locanā] and Vīras are reddish yellow in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Locana.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’. Note: locana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

locana : (nt.) the eye.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Locana, 2 (nt.) (fr. Loc. Caus. of luñcati) pulling, tearing out D. I, 167 (kesa-massu°); A. I, 296; Pug. 55. (Page 588)

2) Locana, 1 (fr. loc or lok to see; Dhtp 532 & Dhtm 766: loc= dassana) the eye; adj. (-°) having eyes. (of ... ) Pv. I, 115 (miga-manda°); PvA. 57, 90 (pingala°). (Page 588)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

lōcana (लोचन).—n (S) An eye.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

lōcana (लोचन).—n An eye.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Locana (लोचन).—a. (- f.)

1) Illuminating, brightening.

2) Visible.

-nam [locyate'nena loc-karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) Seeing, sight, viewing.

2) The eye; शेषान् मासान् गमय चतुरो लोचने मीलयित्वा (śeṣān māsān gamaya caturo locane mīlayitvā) Me.112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Locanā (लोचना).—name of a goddess (= Buddhalocanā, Rocanī): Sādhanamālā 18.13 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Locana (लोचन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. The eye. 2. Seeing, looking. f.

(-nā) A goddess of the Jainas. E. loc to see, lyuṭ or yuc aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Locana (लोचन).—[loc + ana], n. The eye, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 56.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Locana (लोचन).—[adjective] enlightening, [neuter] eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Locana (लोचन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—and locanakāra alaṃk. See Dhvanyālokalocana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Locana (लोचन):—[from loc] mfn. illuminating, brightening, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] f(ā or ī). Name of a Buddhist goddess, [Dharmasaṃgraha 4]

4) [from loc] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) ‘organ of sight’, the eye, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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