Mahartha, Mahārtha, Maha-artha: 12 definitions


Mahartha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Mahartha in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Mahārtha (महार्थ) was a leader of hosts of transcendent warriors (atiratha) in Sunītha and Sūryaprabha’s army, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly, as the Asura Maya explained the arrangement of warriors in Sunītha’s army: “... And his ministers Prahasta and Mahārtha are leaders of hosts of transcendent warriors”.

The story of Mahārtha was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Mahārtha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mahārtha (महार्थ) refers to the “great reality”, according to the Khacakrapañcakastotra (“hymn to the five wheels of emptiness”) by Jñānanetra, the founder of the Kashmiri Kālīkrama.—Accordingly, “I bow to the Great Reality (mahārtha), the venerable (goddess) Maṅgalā, she who is the mother of all things, the energy of Śiva, the awesome power of consciousness. (I praise her) the great wave of the Great Reality filled with all things, (she who is) the light of the Inexplicable, the Sun, Moon and the Fire of (universal) destruction”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Mahārtha (महार्थ) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Mahārtha] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahartha (महर्थ).—a Dear. mahardhatā f Dearness; dearth.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahārtha (महार्थ).—a.

1) rich.

2) great, noble, dignified.

3) important, weighty.

4) significant.

Mahārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārtha (महार्थ).—mfn.

(-rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) 1. Significant, meaning. 2. Great, dignified. m.

(-rthaḥ) A principal object. E. mahā and artha sense or object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārtha (महार्थ).—I. m. a principal object. Ii. adj. 1. significant. 2. dignified.

Mahārtha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and artha (अर्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārtha (महार्थ).—[masculine] great thing, important matter; adj. great, important, wealthy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahārtha (महार्थ):—[from mahā > mah] m. (hār) a gr° thing, a gr matter, [DevīP.]

2) [=mahā-rtha] [from mahārtha > mahā > mah] weighty or important meaning, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. having large substance, rich, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] great, dignified, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] having gr° meaning, significant, important, weighty, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Dānava, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] n. = mahā-bhāṣya (q.v.), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahārtha (महार्थ):—[mahā+rtha] (rthaḥ-rthā-rthaṃ) a. Significant; great. m. Principal object.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahartha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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