Mahanadi, Mahānadī, Maha-nadi, Mahānāḍī: 16 definitions


Mahanadi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahanadi in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mahānadī (महानदी).—A river, celebrated in the Purāṇas and flowing through the region Utkala (Orissa). Arjuna once took a bath in it. Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 84, Verse 84, states that those who bathe in this river will obtain "Akṣayaloka".

2) Mahānadī (महानदी).—A river in the Śāka island. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 32).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mahānadī (महानदी).—A river from the Pāriyātra hill; in Draviḍa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 8. 1; 19. 18; XI. 5. 40; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 28.

1b) A R. of the Bhadrā continent.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 43. 29.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Mahānadī (महानदी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.13, VI.10.14, VI.10.17, VI.10.33). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahānadī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mahānadī (महानदी) is the name of a River, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Mars presides over the people residing in the west half of the countries on both banks of the Śoṇa, the Narmadā and the Beas; over those residing on the banks of the Nirvindhya, the Vetravatī, the Siprā, the Godāvarī, the Veṇa, the Gaṅgā, the Payoṣṇī, the Mahānadī, the Indus, the Mālatī and the Pārā; he also presides over the country of Uttarapāṇḍya, [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A river, dammed up by Udaya II.; Cv. Trs.i.159, n. 3.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Mahānadī (महानदी) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Mahānadī).

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Mahānadī (महानदी) refers to the “four great rivers”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.

The four great rivers (mahānadī) are:

  1. Vāgamatī,
  2. Keśāvatī,
  3. Maṇirohiṇī and
  4. Prabhāvatī.
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Mahānadī (महानदी) is the name of a river found in India.—The great river Mahānadī rises m the Raipur district from the Amarkantak range and flows through Orissa into the Bay of Bengal. The name Mahānadī also appears in a Nagarjuni Hill Cave inscription of Anantavarman, but it is very much doubtful that the name represents the famous river Mahānadī, which does not intervene anywhere within two hundred fifty miles of Nagarjuni Hill.

Source: S.V.U.Oriental Journal, Vol. XI, Jan-Dec 1968, Parts 1&2

Mahānadi is the name of a major historic river of Āndhradeśa (Andhra country).—The evolution of Āndhra culture through the ages in its manifold facets succoured by its rivers presents a large diversity nevertheless wiih an all pervading underlying unity. The Brahmakuṇḍi or Guṇḍlakamma unlike several other larger rivers which are tributaries, has an independent course and falls into the Bay of Bengal. It had more in common with the larger rivers (e.g., Mahānadi) except in its length where it resembles the minor rivers. On either side of the holy river, flourished kingdoms of the Yādavas of Addanki and of the Reḍḍis subsequently. Centres of pilgrimage, eg., Kanuparti had their heyday. The region and the river are celebrated in the records and literature of the Reḍḍis and relics of bygone glory are seen even today.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mahānadī (महानदी).—f (S) A great river, a river that runs a hundred yōjana.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mahānadī (महानदी).—f A great river.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahānadī (महानदी).—

1) a great river, such as Gaṅgā, Kṛṣṇā; मन्दरः पर्वतश्चाक्षो जङ्घा तस्य महानदी (mandaraḥ parvataścākṣo jaṅghā tasya mahānadī) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 8.34.2; संभूयाम्भोधिमभ्येति महानद्या नगापगा (saṃbhūyāmbhodhimabhyeti mahānadyā nagāpagā) Śiśupālavadha 2.1.

2) Name of a river falling into the bay of Bengal.

Mahānadī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and nadī (नदी).

--- OR ---

Mahānāḍī (महानाडी).—sinew, tendon.

Mahānāḍī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and nāḍī (नाडी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahānadī (महानदी):—[=mahā-nadī] [from mahā-nada > mahā > mah] f. a river, [Lāṭyāyana; Maitrī-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the Ganges, [Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a well-known river (which rises on the south-west of Bengal, and after an eastward course of 520 miles divides into sub voce branches at the town of Cuttack, and falls by sub voce mouths into the Bay of Bengal), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] of various streams, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

5) Mahānāḍī (महानाडी):—[=mahā-nāḍī] [from mahā > mah] f. a gr° tubular vessel, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] sinew, tendon, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahanadi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mahānadi (ಮಹಾನದಿ):—

1) [noun] a big river.

2) [noun] name of a river in North India that empties in to Bay of Bengal.

3) [noun] any river that is considered as holy.

4) [noun] (math.) a huge number (1 followed by twenty five zeros).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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