Nati, Ñāti, Naṭī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Nati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nati (नति).—Lit.inclination, bending down; the word is used generally in the technical sense of 'cerebralization' but applied to the change of न् (n) into ण् () as also that of स् (s) into ष् (); cf. दन्त्यस्य मूर्धन्यापत्तिर्नतिः (dantyasya mūrdhanyāpattirnatiḥ), V. Pr.I. 42. The root नम् (nam) is used in the sense of 'cerebralizing ' or 'being cerebralized' very frequently in the Pratisakhya works; e.g. the word नम्यते (namyate) is used in the sense of 'is cerebralized'; नमयति (namayati) in the sense of 'cerebralizes' and नामिंन् (nāmiṃn) in the sense of 'causing cerebralization'; cf. ऋकारादयो दश नामिनः स्वराः, पूर्वो नन्ता नतिषु नम्यमुत्तरम् (ṛkārādayo daśa nāminaḥ svarāḥ, pūrvo nantā natiṣu namyamuttaram) R. Pr. I. 27.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Nati (नति).—1. Meridian zenith distance or the R sine of that. 2. Difference between the parallaxes in latitude of the Sun and the Moon i.e., latitudinal parallax. Note: Nati is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Naṭī (नटी) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Naṭī).

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

1) Naṭī (नटी) refers to one of the twenty-four Ḍākinīs positioned at the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, between the west and south (of the heruka-maṇḍala) are six Ḍākinīs who are half red and half yellow in color. They [viz., Naṭī] are headed by the major four Ḍākinīs of the Cakrasaṃvara tradition. They stand in the Pratyālīḍha posture and, except for the body posture, their physical features and objects that they hold are the same as Vajravārāhīs.

2) Naṭī (नटी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Naṭa forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Guṇacakra, according to the same work. Accordingly, the guṇacakra refers to one of the four divisions of the sahaja-puṭa (‘innate layer’), situated within the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Naṭī] and Vīras are whitish red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nati : (f.) bending; inclination; bowing down.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nati, (f.) (Sk. nati of nam) bending, bent, inclination S. II, 67; IV, 59; M. I, 115. (Page 345)

— or —

Ñāti, (see janati; cp. Sk. jñāti, Gr. gnwtόs, Lat. cognatus, Goth. knops) a relation, relative (=mātito pitito ca sambandhā PvA. 25; =bandhū PvA. 86; specialized as °sālohitā, see below). Pl. ñātayo (Pv. I, 43; KhA 209, 214) and ñātī (M. II, 73; KhA 210, cp. 213; Acc. also ñātī Pv. I, 67); Sn. 141; Dh. 139, 204, 288; J. II, 353; Pv. I, 53, 122; II, 313, 67.—Discussed in detail with regard to its being one of the 10 paḷibodhā at Vism. 94.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nati (नति).—f S Reverential bowing. 2 Zenith-distance or co-altitude. 3 The parallax at the nonagesimal.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nati (नति).—f Reverential bowing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naṭī (नटी).—

1) An actress.

2) The chief actress (regarded as the wife of the Sūtradhāra).

3) A courtezan, harlot.

4) Red arsenic.

--- OR ---

Nati (नति).—[nam-bhāve-ktin]

1) Bending, stooping, bowing.

2) Curvature, crookedness.

3) Bending the body in salutation, a bow, courtesy; त्रिकोणमथ षट्कोणमर्धचन्द्रं प्रदक्षिणम् । दण्डमष्टाङ्गमुग्रं च सप्तधा नतिलक्षणम् (trikoṇamatha ṣaṭkoṇamardhacandraṃ pradakṣiṇam | daṇḍamaṣṭāṅgamugraṃ ca saptadhā natilakṣaṇam) || Kālikā P.

4) Parallax in latitude (in astronomy).

5) The change of a dental to a lingual letter.

Derivable forms: natiḥ (नतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Naṭī (नटी).—= prec.: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 564.25 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nati (नति).—f.

(-tiḥ) 1. Bending, bowing, stooping. 2. Curvature, crookedness. E. nam to bow, bhāve ktin aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nati (नति).—i. e. nam + ti, f. 1. A bow, a courtesy, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 9, 18. 2. Modest behaviour, Navar. 3 in Haeb. Anth. 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nati (नति).—[feminine] bending, stooping, humility; the change of a dental letter into a cerebral ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nāti (नाति):—[from na] (for na + ati, in [compound]; cf. an-ati-), not very or much, not too

2) Naṭī (नटी):—[from naṭa > naṭ] a f. an actress ([gana] gaurādi), [Śakuntalā; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a dancer, Nauch girl, courtezan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] fragrant plant, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

5) [v.s. ...] red arsenic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] (in music) Name of a Rāgiṇī.

7) [from naṭ] b f. See naṭa, above.

8) Nati (नति):—[from nat] f. bending, bowing, stooping, modesty, humility, [Kāvya literature; Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] inclination or parallax in latitude, [Sūryasiddhānta]

10) [v.s. ...] curvature, crookedness, [Horace H. Wilson]

11) [v.s. ...] the change of a dental letter to a cerebral, [Prātiśākhya]

12) Nāṭī (नाटी):—[from nāṭa] f. ([scilicet] bhāṣā) the language of the Nāṭas.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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