The history of Andhra country (1000 AD - 1500 AD)

by Yashoda Devi | 1933 | 138,355 words

This book recounts the History of the Andhra Pradesh Country from 1000 to 1500 A.D. including many dynasties (for example. the Reddis of Korukonda and the Eruva Chola of Rajahmundry)....

Part 15 - Choda II (A.D. 1350)

Choda II was more enterprising than his father. None of his inscription have come to light and the pillar record and the Muslim histories form the sources of information for this period. Choda is said to have vanquished his enemies and ruled over the country Madhyadesa given to him by his father. Here Madhyadesa is the country between the Godavari and the Mahanadi and the Vmdhyas and the Ocean. Consequently the explanation that Madhyadesa, though generally refers to the country between the Ganges and the Yamuna, here “it apparently denotes the region lying between the two rivers Godavari and Krishna which in its natural condition bears a certain resemblance to the country between the Ganga and the Yamuna” does not hold good. The political achievements of Choda are recorded thus. “But this was unique (and) wonderful (deed) having set out to protect the harassed army of the Sultan of Pandua, and having by the strength of (his) arm completely vanquished the ruler of Dilli, the king gave the goddess of victory together with twenty-two great elephants to the king of Utkala and the Turks to the excellent damsels of the gods.”

Choda’s political relations

His reign was eventful. He seems to have maintained friendly relations with other local rulers in southern Kalinga. Unlike his predecessors, Choda seems to have owed allegiance to the Eastern Ganga emperors Bhanudeva III, son of Narasimha III, and his son and successor Narasimha IV, the last of the Ganga emperors. The decline of the Ganga dynasty -became marked by the beginning of Bhanudeva Ill’s reign and Muslim invasions into Orissa were frequent in this period. In Narasimha’s reign “Orissa continued to be the happy hunting ground of the neighbouring monarchs, specially the Mussalman kings.”

The Pillar inscriptions says that Choda II, after defeating the armies of Delhi on behalf of the Panduva Sultan, presented the spoils of war to the king of Orissa who is no other than Bhanudeva III. This must have happened in A.D. 1353—the year of Firoz Shah’s invasion of Bengal. Thus Choda was loyal to Bhanudeva III and Narasimha IV.

Choda and Bengal

Bengal was a Muslim viceroyality under the Sultan of Delhi till the middle of the 14th Century A D Faknddm Sultan Sikhandar was considered to be the first Sultan of Bengal and his reign lasted from A.D. 1340-41 to 1342-43. His successor was Ilias Khaji Sultan Shamsuddin Bhengara, who ruled from A.D. 1343 to 1358. He invaded the dominions of the Raja of Jajnagur and compelled him to pay tribute and some elephants. In A.D. 1353, when Firoz Shah invaded Bengal, Hajt Thas left his son to defend the capital Pandua and laid siege to Akdala. Firoz Tughlak took Pandua and laid seige to Akdala. The siege was protracted. “The rainy season soon came on with great violence, peace was concluded and the king returned to Delhi without effecting his effects.” From this it is clear that Firoz did not succeed in subduing Ilias and Bengal. This gams support from the Panchadharala inscription which says that Choda II set out to protect the harassed army of the Sultan identical with Haji Ilian and killed the armies of the ruler of Delhi. Thus Choda and his armies were powerful enough to protect the kingdom of Bengal against Firoz Shah Tughlak. He claims to have killed a number of Turks in the battle with the armies of Firoz Shah Tughlak.

Choda and the Sultans of Delhi

Choda II came into conflict with Firoz Shah Tughlak, the successor of Muhammad Tughlak, with the latter invaded Bengal in A.D. 1353. Probably the decisive battle between the armies of Bengal and Delhi, Sultan took place near the walls of Akdala towards the close of the siege when the rainy season set in, Choda II played the leading part in the battle field as the armies of Pandua Saltan were fired after prolonged sieger within the Akdala fort and so also the armies of Firoz outside the fort. Choda II won the victory over Firoz, Sultan of Delhi and presented twenty-two elephants to Bhanudeva III, which were captured probably in this battle while the Sultan’s armies were on retreat.

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