Mahanaga, Mahānāga: 13 definitions
Mahanaga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Mahānāga (महानाग) is a Sanskrit word referring to “great serpents”, a class of deities. Acording to the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.88-93, when Brahmā, Indra and all other gods went to inspect the playhouse (nāṭyamaṇḍapa) designed by Viśvakarmā, he assigned different deities for the protection of the playhouse itself, as well as for the objects relating to dramatic performance (prayoga).
As such, Brahmā assigned the Mahānāgas (e.g., Śeṣa, Vāsukī and Takṣaka) to the fifth section (joint/knot, parva) of the Jarjara (Indra’s banner staf). The protection of the playhouse was enacted because of the jealous Vighnas (malevolent spirits), who began to create terror for the actors.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Mahānāga (महानाग) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.11, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Mahānāga) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Mahānāga (महानाग) refers to “great snakes”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The subtle form of the goddess is Kuṇḍalinī. Her names in the three transmissions—Khañjinī, Vakrā and Kubjikā—all imply her identity as Kuṇḍalinī. [...] Resting on the Kula, she has three natures and six limbs and faces. Profoundly tranquil and very terrible, she sits on the Great Ghost who is her seat. She has great snakes as her ornaments [i.e., mahānāga-ābharaṇa] and is adorned with large earrings. Her topknot is adorned with a great Moon and the Sun is above it. She is called Anackā (Unstruck Sound) and has a copious and good menses. (As Kuṇḍalinī) she transports (the individual soul) along the path of Suṣumṇā. Endless, she is at the extreme end of the Endless. Stainless, she is free of defects”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Mahanaga Thera. The son of Madhuvasettha of Saketa. While the Buddha was at Anjanavana, Mahanaga saw the wonder wrought by Gavampati and entered the Order under him, attaining to arahantship in due course.
In the past he had given a dadima (pomegranate) fruit to Kakusandha Buddha (ThagA.i.442f).
Several verses uttered by him in admonition of the Chabbaggiya, because of their failure to show regard for their co religionists, are found in the Theragatha. Thag.vss.387-92.
2. Mahanaga. Son of Mutasiva and viceroy of Devanampiyatissa. His wife was Anula, for whose ordination Sanghamitta came over from Jambudipa (Mhv.xiv.56; Dpv.xi.6; xvii.75). His second wife was a foolish woman who tried to poison him in order to get the throne for her son. While he was building the Taraccha tank, she sent him some mangoes, the top one of which, intended for him, was poisoned. But it was her son who ate the mango and died. Mahanaga thereupon went to Rohana, where he founded the dynasty of that name at Mahagama. His son was Yatthalayaka Tissa. Mahanaga built the Nagamaha vihara and the Uddhakandara vihara. Mhv.xxii.2ff.
3. Mahanaga. A resident of Nitthulavitthika in Girijanapada. He was the father of Gothaimbara. Mhv.xxiii.49.
4. Mahanaga. Son of Vattagamani. He later came to be known as Coranaga. Mhv.xxxiii.45.
5. Mahanaga. See Mahadathika Mahanaga.
6. Mahanaga Thera. Incumbent of Bhutarama. As a mark of favour, Kanitthatissa built for him the Ratanapasada at Abhayagiri vihara. Mhv.xxxvi.7.
7. Mahanaga Thera. Incumbent of Samudda vihara. He was among those who accepted the gift of a meal by Prince Saliya, in his birth as a blacksmith. MT. 606.
8. Mahanaga Thera. Incumbent of Kalavallimandapa. He was among those who accepted the meal given by Saliya in his previous birth (MT. 606). He was one of the last to attain arahantship among those who left the world with the Bodhisatta in various births (J.iv.490). He did not sleep for seven years, after which he practised continual meditation for sixteen years, becoming an arahant at the end of that time. SNA.i.56; MA.i.209; SA.iii.155.
His fame was great, and there is a story of a brahmin who came all the way from Pataliputta to Kalavallimandapa in Rohana to visit him. The brahmin entered the Order under him and became an arahant (AA.i.384). Once, while Mahanaga was begging alms at Nakulanagara, he saw a nun and offered her a meal. As she had no bowl, he gave her his, with the food ready in it. After she had eaten and washed the bowl, she gave it back to him saying, Henceforth there will be no fatigue for you when begging for alms. Thereafter the Elder was never given alms worth less than a kahapana. The nun was an arahant. DhSA.399.
9. Mahanaga Thera.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahānāga (महानाग) is a title given to the Bhikṣus that accompanied the Buddha when he went to Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata at Rājagṛha according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). Accordingly, “Mahat means great, na indicates negation and agha means sin. The Arhats are said to be “without sin” because they have cut through the passions (kleśa)... Furthermore, Nāga means snake or elephant. Among the innumerable other Arhats, these five thousand Arhats are extremely powerful; this is why they are compared to a snake and an elephant. In the water, the snake is very strong; on earth, the elephant is very strong”.Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Mahānāga (महानाग) refers to the “great Nāgas”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Bhagavān taught the Heart-Mantra to Vajrapāṇi]: “Immediately after the Bhagavān had uttered this spell, the destroyer of all Nāgas and all malefactors and calamities, all the great Nāgas (mahānāga) got headaches, their bodies became putrid, stinking and foul-smelling. They fell at the feet of the Bhagavān and said, “O Bhagavān, extremely dreadful mantrapadas have been uttered. [...]’”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Mahānāga (महानाग) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Mahānāga).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
mahānāga : (m.) a big elephant.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Mahānāga (महानाग).—‘great elephant’, epithet of śrāvakas: Mahāvyutpatti 1081; in Pali a thera of this name is known, and Senart assumes this name for Mahāga, q.v., of mss., Mahāvastu i.182.18.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Mahānāga (महानाग).—[masculine] great serpent or elephant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mahānāga (महानाग):—[=mahā-nāga] [from mahā > mah] m. a great serpent, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suparṇādhyāya]
2) [v.s. ...] a gr° elephant, [Harivaṃśa]
3) [v.s. ...] one of the elephants that support the earth, [Rāmāyaṇa]
4) [v.s. ...] Name of Vātsyāyana, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+59): Mahanagahana, Mahanaga Vihara, Taracchavapi, Uccatalanka, Jambelambiya, Catigatikapatimaghara, Culanagapabbata, Maddha, Samudda Vihara, Uddhakandaraka, Maninagapabbata, Odumbarangana, Mayura-parivena, Kalayanakannika, Duratissakavapi, Huvacakannika, Mahaga, Ciramatika, Vasalanagara, Madhuvasettha.
Search found 21 books and stories containing Mahanaga, Mahānāga, Maha-naga, Mahā-nāga; (plurals include: Mahanagas, Mahānāgas, nagas, nāgas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 2.20.15 < [Chapter 20 - The Glories of Murāri Gupta]
Verse 2.6.88 < [Chapter 6 - The Lord’s Meeting with Advaita Ācārya]
Verse 1.16.183 < [Chapter 16 - The Glories of Śrī Haridāsa Ṭhākura]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
The Story of Sāmaṇera Sangharakkhita < [Chapter 40 - The Buddha Declared the Seven Factors of Non-Decline for Rulers]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Dipavamsa (study) (by Sibani Barman)
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Commentary on Biography of the thera Soṇakoḷivisa < [Chapter 5 - Upālivagga (section on Upāli)]
Introduction (commentary on the first stanza) < [Commentary on biography of Silent Buddhas (Paccekabuddha)]
Commentary on the biography of the the thera Sāriputta < [Chapter 1 - Buddhavagga (Buddha section)]
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)