Kutila, Kuṭila, Kuṭilā: 23 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kutila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kutil.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Kuṭila (कुटिल) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Krodha, who is a form of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Krodha) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Kuṭila), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Kuṭila according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Krodha) having a smoke color; he should carry khaḍga, kheṭaka, a long sword and paraśu. The word Śilpaśāstra refers to an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Kuṭila (कुटिल) is the name of a nāga chief, presiding over Ābhāsa, according to the Parākhyatantra 5.44-45. Ābhāsa refers to one of the seven pātālas (‘subterranean paradise’). The word pātāla in this tantra refers to subterranean paradises for seekers of otherworldly pleasures and each the seven pātālas is occupied by a regent of the daityas, nāgas and rākṣasas.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Kuṭila (कुटिल) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Kuṭila corresponds to Ghacā, Haṃsaśyenī. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuṭilā (कुटिला).—See under Pārvatī.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kuṭila (कुटिल):—[kuṭilaṃ] Asymmetrical, blended, Curled

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Kuṭilā (कुटिला) refers to the “crooked” form of the energy of the vital breath.—Possibly because of its shape, Gandhamālya is called Mahānāsa—the Great Nose. As Kuṇḍalinī is, amongst other things, the energy of the vital breath that enters and exits from the nose, she is sometimes called nāsikāśakti—the ‘energy of the nose’. Possibly, then, the ‘Great Nose’ is this one above the head through which the energy of the vital breath travels in a straight ascending and descending movement. It is the nose of the upper face above the crown of the head. Moving through the channel of this nose, the energy of the vital breath is no longer ‘crooked’ (kuṭilā) as it is when it travels through the nose of the lower face in the fettered condition.

2) Kuṭilā (कुटिला) refers to “she of a crooked form” and is used to described the Goddess (i.e., Khageśī), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “In the meantime, once the goddess had crossed over the most excellent Yoga and once the fifth night had passed, she emerged from the middle of the Liṅga. [...] She (also has other forms with) two or six arms and, beautiful, sits on five ghosts. In the left hand (she holds) a skull and (in her other) upraised hands (she holds a) noose and spear. Crooked [i.e., kuṭilā], her body grey, she is Cāmuṇḍā, the accomplished Yoginī. This Vidyā, of many forms, is the woman who resides within the Triangle. Such is the visualized form of the goddess, the deity called Khageśī”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kuṭila.—cf. Siddhamātṛkā. Note: kuṭila is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuṭila : (adj.) bent; crooked.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kuṭila, (adj.) bent, crooked (cp. kuj and kuc, Morris J. P. T. S. 1893, 15) J. III, 112 (=jimha); Miln. 297 (°saṅkuṭila), 418 (of an arrow); nt. a bend, a crook Miln. 351. —a° straight Vv 167 (-magga). [?] —a° uprightness Bdhd 20. (Page 219)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kuṭila (कुटिल).—a (S) Crooked or bent. 2 fig. Perverse; as kuṭilabuddhi, kuṭilāśaya, kuṭila-tarka-dṛṣṭi-bhāṣaṇa-bhāṣī- mati-vākya-vṛtti-svabhāva. 3 Vile and hateful gen.: malicious and mischievous.

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kuṭīḷa (कुटीळ).—a (kuṭila S) Perverse, malicious, vile, mischievous, hateful.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kuṭila (कुटिल) [-kuṭīḷa, -कुटीळ].—a Crooked. Perverse. Vile and hateful.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल).—a. [kuṭ-ilac]

1) Crooked, Pt.1.65; bent, curved, curled; भेदाद् भ्रुवोः कुटिलयोः (bhedād bhruvoḥ kuṭilayoḥ) Ś.5.23; R.6.82; 19.17;

2) Tortuous, winding; क्रोशं कुटिला नदी (krośaṃ kuṭilā nadī) Sk.

3) (fig.) Insincere, fraudulent, dishonest; अ° () Pt.1.126.

-lā 1 Name of Sarasvatī.

2) A kind of perfume.

-lam 1 Name of a plant (Mar. tagara).

2) Tin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kuṭilā (कुटिला).—name of a kiṃnara maid: Kāraṇḍavvūha 6.4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Crooked, bent. 2. Dishonest, fraudulent. n.

(-laṃ) Tin. f.

(-lā) The name of a river, the Kutila river, according to some, a name of the Saraswati. E. kuṭ to be crooked, kilac Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल).—[kuṭ + ila], I. adj., f. , 1. Crooked, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 44, 25. 2. Crisped, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 33, 14. 3. Frowning, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 89, 2. 4. Deceitful, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 73; cf. a-kuṭila, adj. Candid, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 142. Ii. f. , The name of a river, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 73, 13, Gorr. (cf. kuṭika); 4, 40, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल).—[adjective] crooked, curled; false, deceitful. Abstr. [feminine], tva [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuṭila (कुटिल):—[from kuṭ] a mf(ā)n. bent, crooked, curved, round, running in curved lines, crisped, curled, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] dishonest, fraudulent, [Pañcatantra; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] m. a he-goat with particular marks, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) Kuṭilā (कुटिला):—[from kuṭila > kuṭ] f. ([scilicet] gati) a particular period in the retrograde course of a planet, [Sūryasiddhānta]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a magic power

6) Kuṭila (कुटिल):—[from kuṭ] of a river ([varia lectio] for kuṭikā), [Rāmāyaṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of the river Sarasvatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] fn. Name of a metre (containing four lines of fourteen syllables each)

9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a plant (= tagara, kuñcita, vakra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] tin, [Horace H. Wilson]

12) b See [column]2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल):—[(laḥ-lā-laṃ) a.] Crooked; dishonest, fraudulent. () f. The Kutila river. (laṃ) n. Tin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuṭila (कुटिल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuḍila.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kutila in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kuṭila (कुटिल) [Also spelled kutil]:—(a) crooked; curved, tortuous; perverse; ~[] crookedness; curvature; perversity; tortuosity.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṭila (ಕುಟಿಲ):—

1) [adjective] not straight; crooked; curved; bent.

2) [adjective] curling or tending to curl; having curls; curly.

3) [adjective] not honest; cheating; lying.

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Kuṭila (ಕುಟಿಲ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being dishonest; dishonest behaviour; deceiving, stealing, etc.

2) [noun] a dishonest, insincere man.

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Kuṭiḷa (ಕುಟಿಳ):—[adjective] = ಕುಟಿಲ [kutila]1.

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Kuṭiḷa (ಕುಟಿಳ):—[noun] = ಕುಟಿಲ [kutila]2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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