Kautilya, Kauṭilya: 17 definitions


Kautilya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kautilya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—See under Cāṇakya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—The Brāhmaṇa who was responsible for vanquishing the Nandas and anointing Chandragupta Maurya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 143; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 330; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 26-7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kautilya in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In the second chapter of Kāvyamīmāṃsā, Rājaśekhara refer Kauṭilya. He also well-known as Cāṇakya, chief minister of during the reign of Candragupta Marya. He composed the work of Arthaśāstra.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य) refers to “deviousness”, according to the Devīpañcaśatikā 7.7cd-8ab.—Accordingly, “O Bhairavī, abandon deviousness [i.e., kauṭilyatyaja kauṭilyabhāvaṃ] and grace me that I may quickly attain the most excellent Śāmbhava plane”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—n S Crookedness. 2 fig. Perverseness, malignity, vileness.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—n Crookedness. Fig. Perverseness, malignity, vileness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—[cf. nityaṃ kauṭilye gatau P.III.1.23.]

1) Crookedness (lit. and fig.); कौटिल्यं कचनिचये करचरणा- धरतलेषु रागस्ते (kauṭilyaṃ kacanicaye karacaraṇā- dharataleṣu rāgaste) K. P.

2) Wickedness.

3) dishonesty, fraud; यो मित्राणि करोत्यत्र न कौटिल्येन वर्तते (yo mitrāṇi karotyatra na kauṭilyena vartate) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 2.185.

-lyaḥ 'The crooked', Name of Chāṇakya, a celebrated writer on civil polity, (the work being known as cāṇkya- nīti), the friend and adviser of Chandragupta and a very important character in the Mudrārākṣasa; कौटिल्यः कुटिलमतिः स एष येन क्रोधाग्नौ प्रसभमदाहि नन्दवंशः (kauṭilyaḥ kuṭilamatiḥ sa eṣa yena krodhāgnau prasabhamadāhi nandavaṃśaḥ) Mu.1.7; स्पृशति मां भृत्यभावेन कौटिल्यशिष्यः (spṛśati māṃ bhṛtyabhāvena kauṭilyaśiṣyaḥ) Mu.7.

-śāstram Chāṇakya's doctrine (diplomacy).

Derivable forms: kauṭilyam (कौटिल्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. Crookedness. 2. Dishonesty. 2. An Epithet of Chanakya. E. kuṭila, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—i. e. kuṭila + ya, n. 1. Crispness (as of hair), [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 205. 2. Deceitfulness, [Pañcatantra] 99, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य).—[neuter] crookedness, deceit, falsehood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Nītiśāstra. Oppert. Ii, 6246.
—[commentary] 6247. He is quoted by Kṣīrasvāmin on Amarakośa, by Mallinātha, Hemacandra Oxf. 185^b.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य):—[from kauṭilika] m. ([from] kuṭila), Name of Cāṇakya, [Daśakumāra-carita; Mudrārākṣasa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a grammarian (?), [Hemacandra; Mallinātha on Kumāra-sambhava vi, 37] and on [Raghuvaṃśa iii f.; xv and xvii f.]

3) [v.s. ...] n. crookedness, curvature, curliness of the hair, [Pāṇini 3-1, 23; Pañcatantra]

4) [v.s. ...] falsehood, dishonesty, [Pañcatantra; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of horse-radish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य):—(lyaṃ) 1. n. Crookedness.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kauṭilya (कौटिल्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Koḍilla.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kautilya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kauṭilya (ಕೌಟಿಲ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality or condition of not being straight; crookedness.

2) [noun] a pretending, make-believe; pretence; hypocrisy.

3) [noun] a dishonest man; a crook; a fraud; a deceiver.

4) [noun] name of a sage, known popularly as C āṇakya, the author of the treatise 'Arthaśastra' on civil polity.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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