Ciranjivi, Cirañjīvī, Cirajīvin, Cirañjīvin, Cirajīvī, Ciranjivin, Ciramjivi, Cirajivin, Cirajivi, Cira-jivin, Cira-jivi: 18 definitions


Ciranjivi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chirajivin.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Cirañjīvī (चिरञ्जीवी).—The name of a crow, a character in the 'Pañcatantra'. (See under Meghavarṇa).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cirañjīvī (चिरञ्जीवी) refers to “one enjoying longevity”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Dharma said to Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda): “O chaste lady, you are blessed, you are devotedly attached to your husband. Hail to you. Take this boon. Your husband is the cause of your great protection. Let him be a young man with sexual vigour and righteousness. He shall be comely in appearance, good in conduct, eloquent in speech and perpetually stable in youth. Let him enjoy more longevity (cirañjīvī) than Mārkaṇḍeya. Let him be richer than Kubera. Let him enjoy more prosperity and power than Indra. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Cirajīvin (चिरजीविन्) is one of the ministers of the crow-king Meghavarṇa, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 62. Accordingly, “... the next morning the king of the crows [Meghavarṇa], after the usual compliments, said to his ministers, Uḍḍīvin, Āḍīvin, Saṇḍīvin, Praḍīvin, and Cirajīvin: ‘That powerful enemy [the owl Avamarda], who has thus defeated us, may get together a hundred thousand soldiers, and make another descent on us. So let some preventive measure be devised for this case’”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Cirajīvin, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Cirajīvī (चिरजीवी) is another name for Jīvaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis wallichii Lindl., which is a synonym of Crepidium acuminatum (D.Don) Szlach. from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.11-13 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Cirajīvī and Jīvaka, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

1) Cirañjīvī (चिरञ्जीवी) (lit. “one who has long life”) is a synonym (another name) for the Crow (Kāka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

2) Cirañjīvī (चिरञ्जीवी) also refers to [a variant of] the Hooded crow (Corvus Cornix).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cirañjīvī (चिरंजीवी).—f (S) A term for a daughter.

--- OR ---

cirañjīvī (चिरंजीवी).—a (S) Longlived. 2 An epithet in common for eight saints fabled to have lived a whole kalpa or 432 millions of years.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cirañjīvī (चिरंजीवी).—f A term for a daughter. a Long-lived.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cirajīvin (चिरजीविन्).—a. long-lived (-m.)

1) an epithet of seven persons who are considered to be 'deathless'; अश्वत्थामा बलिर्व्यासो हनुमांश्च विभीषणः । कृपः परशुरामश्च सप्तैते चिरजीविनः (aśvatthāmā balirvyāso hanumāṃśca vibhīṣaṇaḥ | kṛpaḥ paraśurāmaśca saptaite cirajīvinaḥ) ||

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

3) Name of Mārkaṇḍeya; वर्जयित्वा महात्मानं चिरजीविनमुत्तमम् (varjayitvā mahātmānaṃ cirajīvinamuttamam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.125.35.

4) a crow.

5) Name of two plants जीवक (jīvaka) and शाल्मलि (śālmali).

Cirajīvin is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cira and jīvin (जीविन्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cirañjīvin (चिरञ्जीविन्).—mfn. (-vī-vinī-vi) Long-lived. m. (-vī) 1. A crow. 2. Vishnu. E. See the preceding.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cirajīvin (चिरजीविन्).—[adjective] living long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cirajīvin (चिरजीविन्):—[=cira-jīvin] [from cira] mfn. long-lived, [Mahābhārata iii, 11262 and 13231; Rāmāyaṇa ii; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] (said of Mārkaṇḍeya, Aśvatthāman, Bali, Vyāsa, Hanumat, Vibhīṣaṇa, Kṛpa, Paraśu Rāma), [Tithyāditya]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Viṣṇu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Salmalia malabarica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] = vaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a crow, [Kathāsaritsāgara lxii, 8]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cirajīvin (चिरजीविन्):—[cira-jīvin] (vī) 5. m. Vishnu; a crow; any one of the eight that became immortal. a. Long-lived.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cirañjīvin (चिरञ्जीविन्):—[cira-ñjīvin] (vī) 5. m. A crow; Vishnu. a. Long-lived.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ciranjivi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ciraṃjīvī (चिरंजीवी) [Also spelled chiranjivi]:—(a) long-living; blessed with long life; immortal.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ciranjivi in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ciraṃjīvi (ಚಿರಂಜೀವಿ):—

1) [noun] a person who will never die.

2) [noun] a long-lived person.

3) [noun] a term used by an elderly person to address a younger one.

4) [noun] one’s son.

5) [noun] the common black bird Corvus splendens; the crow.

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cirajīvi (ಚಿರಜೀವಿ):—[noun] = ಚಿರಂಜೀವಿ- [ciramjivi-] 1,2, & 5.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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