Kripana, Kṛpaṇā, Kṛpāṇa: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Kripana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kṛpaṇā and Kṛpāṇa can be transliterated into English as Krpana or Kripana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Krapan.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण) refers to “poor persons”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.32 (“The seven celestial sages arrive”).—Accordingly, as Himavat (Himācala) said to the Seven Sages: “I am blessed. I am contented. My life is fruitful. I am the best person worthy of being seen in the three worlds. I am as pure as any of the holy centres. All this is because you, verily in lord Viṣṇu’s forms, have come to my abode. Perfect ones such as you, what special purpose can there be in visiting poor persons (kṛpaṇa) like me? Still I am your servant. Some task there may be to be entrusted to me. Mercifully may it be spoken out. May my life be fruitful”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṛpaṇā (कृपणा).—A deity.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 27. 38.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण) refers to the “wretched (beings)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly: “[...] Immediately after that, by the magical presence of the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja, the rain of all kinds of delicious hard foods, soft foods, and soups poured down; the rain of all kinds of tasty beverages poured down to the depth of a chariot’s axle; the rain of many hundred thousand colors of clothes, which are pleasant to touch like the thin and soft cloth, poured down. Then, in this world system of three thousandfold worlds, all the wretched and poor (kṛpaṇa-daridra), and all hungry ghosts were satisfied”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण) refers to “swords”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Alone [the living soul] who is very wise becomes a god [like] a bee on a lotus [like] the face of a woman. Alone, being cut by swords (kṛpāṇa—chidyamānaḥ kṛpāṇaiḥ), he appropriates a hellish embryo. Alone the one who is ignorant, driven by the fire of anger, etc., does action. Alone [the living soul] enjoys the empire of knowledge in the avoidance of all mental blindness. [Thus ends the reflection on] solitariness”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kṛpaṇa.—(CII 1), poor. Note: kṛpaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—a (S) Miserly, niggardly, avaricious: also as s c a miser. 2 Poor, mean, pitiful, plaintive, whining--countenance, general appearance, speech, tones.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—a Miserly. Poor, mean, plaintive, whining. m A miser.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—a. [kṛp-kyun na latvam]

1) Poor, pitiable, wretched, helpless; राजन्नपत्यं रामस्ते पाल्याश्च कृपणाः प्रजाः (rājannapatyaṃ rāmaste pālyāśca kṛpaṇāḥ prajāḥ) Uttararāmacarita 4.25; व्रजतु च कृपा क्वाद्य कृपणा (vrajatu ca kṛpā kvādya kṛpaṇā) Nāg.5.3; Rām.2.32.28.

2) Void of judgement, unable or unwilling to discriminate or to do a thing; कामार्ता हि प्रकृतिकृपणाश्चेतनाचेतनेषु (kāmārtā hi prakṛtikṛpaṇāścetanācetaneṣu) Meghadūta 5; so जराजीर्णैश्वर्यग्रसनगहनाक्षेपकृपणः (jarājīrṇaiśvaryagrasanagahanākṣepakṛpaṇaḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.17.

3) Low, mean, vile; कृपणाः फलहेतवः (kṛpaṇāḥ phalahetavaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 2.49; Mu.2.18; Bhartṛhari 2.49.

4) Miserly, stingy.

5) Avaricious.

-ṇam Wretchedness; कुत्साय शुष्णं कृपेण परादात् (kutsāya śuṣṇaṃ kṛpeṇa parādāt) Ṛgveda 1.99.9; Manusmṛti 4.185.

-ṇaḥ 1 A worm.

2) A miser; कृपणेन समो दाता भुवि कोऽपि न विद्यते । अनश्नन्नेव वित्तानि यः परेभ्यः प्रयच्छति (kṛpaṇena samo dātā bhuvi ko'pi na vidyate | anaśnanneva vittāni yaḥ parebhyaḥ prayacchati) Vyāsa.

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Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण).—[kṛpāṃ nudati nud-ḍa saṃjñāyāṃ ṇatvam Tv.]

1) A sword; स पातु वः कंसरिपोः कृपाणः (sa pātu vaḥ kaṃsaripoḥ kṛpāṇaḥ) Vikr.1.2; कृपणस्य कृपाणस्य च केवलमाकारतो भेदः (kṛpaṇasya kṛpāṇasya ca kevalamākārato bhedaḥ) Subhāṣ; Kathāsaritsāgara 53.87.

2) A knife.

Derivable forms: kṛpāṇaḥ (कृपाणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—mfn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) 1. Miserly, avaricious. 2. Low, vile. 3. Poor, feeble, miserable, pitiable. m. (ṇaḥ) A worm. E. kṛp to be able, kvun or lyuṭ aff.

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Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A sword, a scymitar or sacrificial knife. f. (-ṇī) 1. A knife. 2. A shears or scissors. 3. A dagger. E. kṛpā mercy, nud to destroy, ḍa aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—i. e. kṛp + ana, I. adj., f. ṇā. 1. Miserable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 21, 19. 2. Lamenting, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 5. 3. Avaricious, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 152. Ii. n. Misery, Mahābhārata 2, 2348. Iii. ṇam, acc. sing. n., adv. Miserably, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 183.

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Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण).—i. e. kṛp (cf. [Latin] carpo, discerpo) + āna, m. A sword, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—1. [adjective] pitiable, miserable, querulous ([neuter] [adverb]); poor, stingy. [masculine] a poor man or a miser.

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Kṛpaṇa (कृपण).—2. [neuter] misery, pity.

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Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण).—[masculine] sword; [feminine] ī scissors, dagger, knife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛpaṇa (कृपण):—[from kṛp] 1. kṛpaṇa mf(ā; ī [gana] bahv-ādi)n. (gaṇas śreṇyādi and sukhādi, [Pāṇini 8-2, 18; Patañjali]) inclined to grieve, pitiable, miserable, poor, wretched, feeble, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xi, xiv; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] resulting from tears, [Atharva-veda xi, 8, 28]

3) [v.s. ...] low, vile, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) [v.s. ...] miserly, stingy, [Pañcatantra; Hitopadeśa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a poor man, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] a scraper, niggard, [Pañcatantra; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

7) [v.s. ...] a worm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

9) [from kṛp] n. wretchedness, misery, [Ṛg-veda x, 99, 9; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa vii, 13; Śāṅkhāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti iv, 185 etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] m. (sa-kṛpaṇam, ‘miserably, pitiably’), [Śāntiśataka] (cf. kārpaṇya.)

11) [from kṛp] 2. kṛpaṇa [Nominal verb] [Ātmanepada] (3. [plural] kṛpaṇanta) to long for, desire, [Ṛg-veda x, 74, 3.]

12) Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण):—m. ([Pāṇini 7-2, 18; Patañjali]) a sword, [Daśakumāra-carita; Prabodha-candrodaya]

13) a sacrificial knife, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛpaṇa (कृपण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇā-ṇaṃ) a.] Miserly; low, poor, feeble. (ṇaḥ) 1. m. A worm.

2) Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण):—(ṇaḥ) 1. m. A sword, sacrificial knife. f. (ṇī) Knife, shears, dagger.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṛpaṇa (कृपण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kivaṇa, Kivāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kripana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kripana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Kṛpaṇa (कृपण) [Also spelled krapan]:—(a) miser, stingy, parsimonious, niggardly; ~[] stinginess, niggardliness, parsimoniousness.

2) Kṛpāṇa (कृपाण) [Also spelled karapan]:—(nm) a dagger, sword.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kṛpaṇa (ಕೃಪಣ):—

1) [adjective] pitiable; poor; helpless; wretched.

2) [adjective] void of judgement; not having reasoning or discretion.

3) [adjective] low; mean; vile.

4) [adjective] miserly; stingy.

5) [adjective] avaricious; greedy.

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Kṛpaṇa (ಕೃಪಣ):—

1) [noun] that which is humble.

2) [noun] a man having unworthy character or qualities; a mean fellow.

3) [noun] a greedy, stingy person who hoards money for its own sake, even at the expense of personal comfort; a miser.

4) [noun] a poor, indigent man.

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Kṛpāṇa (ಕೃಪಾಣ):—[noun] a weapon for cutting and thrusting, consisting of a hilt with a cross-guard and a long straight or curved blade with a sharp point, which is also used on ceremonial occasions as a symbol of honour or authority; a sword.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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