Krimi, aka: Kṛmi, Kṛmī; 11 Definition(s)
Krimi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Kṛmi and Kṛmī can be transliterated into English as Krmi or Krimi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Kṛmi (कृमि).—A King of the royal dynasty of Aṅga. King Uśīnara had five wives named Nṛgā, Narā, Kṛmī, Daśā and Dṛṣadvatī, and of them were born respectively the sons Nṛga, Nara, Kṛmi, Suvrata and Śibi. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 227).
2) Kṛmī (कृमी).—A wife of Uśīnara. (See under Kṛmi I).
3) Kṛmi (कृमि).—A Kṣatriya dynasty. (Udyoga Parva, Chapter 74, Verse 13).
4) Kṛmi (कृमि).—A river. (Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 17).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kṛmi (कृमि).—The son of Kṛmi and Uśīnara. His capital was Kṛmilā (Krimilā, Vāyu-purāṇa).*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 20-21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 20, 22; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 9
1b) A son of Cyavana.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 25.
2a) Kṛmī (कृमी).—One of the five queens of Uśinara; mother of Kṛmi.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 18-21; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 19.
3) Krimi (क्रिमि).—Worms of the earth; 1/1000 of vegetable kingdom and also watery.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 198.
Kṛmi (कृमि) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛmi) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Kṛmī is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.72.13) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Kṛmi (कृमि) refers to “worm infestation”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 13 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (10) dosage form in the management of Kṛmi. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kṛmi (कृमि).—According to a tradition recorded in the Harivaṃśa (1.31.24-28), Vāyu-purāṇa (99.18-22) and the Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa (III.78) Kṛmi, the son of king Uśīnara of the Puru dynasty, born of his second queen Kṛmi, was the lord of Kṛmilāpurī. Also see Kṛmilā.Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (hinduism)
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kṛmi (कृमि) or Kiki refers to the “worms” tormenting the body, as defined in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, “eighty-thousand types of worms (kṛmi-kula), innumerable sicknesses (vyādhi), hunger and thirst (kṣutpipāsā), cold and heat (śītoṣṇa) and weaknesses always torment the body”.
According to the Visuddhimagga, the body is inhabited by eighty families of worms (kiki-kula) located in the skin, hide, flesh, tendons, bones, marrow, and which feed there: “there they are born, live, die and fill their greater and lesser needs: the body is their maternity ward, their hospital, their cemetery, their latrine ditch and even dies under their rage”... Also, “the stomach itself is occupied by thirty-two types of worms (kṛmi, kiki), round worms, ribbon worms, thread worms, etc., ever in turmoil: when the body is on a light diet, the worms jump around crying and strike against the heart region; when the body is fed, they rush to seize the mouthfuls of food”
According to the Ratnakūṭa, the forest-dwelling monk (araṇyabhikṣu), when he is about to eat, has the following thought: “In this body there are at present 80,000 types of worms (kiki or kṛmi). When the worms get this food, they will all be safe; now I am going to attract these worms with this food”.
According to the Avataṃsaka, at the time of the Bodhisattva’s meal, he has the following thought: “In my body there are 80,000 types of worms (kiki or kṛmi); they live in me; when my body is filled, they too are filled; when my body suffers from hunger, they too suffer from hunger. Now by taking this food and drink (pānabhojana), I hope that these beings may be replete. Therefore I am myself eating this food so as to make a gift to them; I do not desire the taste of it”
According to the Aṣṭasāhasrikā, we read: “Moreover, these eighty thousand types of worms (kiki or kṛmi) that are in the bodies of other beings are never found in his body. Why? Because for him these roots of good transcend the entire world”.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
kṛmi (कृमि).—m S A worm or a maggot. 2 The red dye or cochineal, Coccus cacti. 3 pl Intestinal worms.
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kṛmī (कृमी).—a (S) Affected with intestinal worms.
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krimi (क्रिमि).—m (S) A worm, a maggot, a mite.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṛmi (कृमि).—n A worm; intestinal worms.
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krimi (क्रिमि).—m A wormSource: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kṛmi (कृमि).—a. [kram-in ata itvam Uṇ.4.121] Full of worms, wormy.
-miḥ 1 A worm, an insect in general; कृमिकुल- चितम् (kṛmikula- citam) Bh.2.9; यदिदं किंचाश्वभ्य आकृमिभ्यः (yadidaṃ kiṃcāśvabhya ākṛmibhyaḥ) Bṛ. Up.6. 1.14.
2) Worms (disease).
3) An ass.
4) A spider.
5) The lac (dye).
6) An ant.
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1) A worm; क्रिमिकाण्डजन्तुकीर्णाम् (krimikāṇḍajantukīrṇām) (rasām) Bu. Ch.5.5.
2) An insect; see कृमि (kṛmi).
Derivable forms: krimiḥ (क्रिमिः).
See also (synonyms): krimikā.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kṛmi (कृमि).—(in sense of glow-worm, see kimi); Kṛmi, n. of a nāga-king: Mvy 3248; Māy 246.33.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-miḥ) 1. A worm, an insect in general. 2. Lac. the red dye, which is in fact an insect. 3. An Asur or demon. 4. One subject to worms. E. kram to go, in Unadi affix, and the corresponding vowel substituted for ra; also krimi.
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(-miḥ) 1. A worm, an insect. 2. Lac, which is the accumulation of an insect. 3. A worm in the intestines. E. kram to go, in Unadi affix, and iṭ inserted; also kṛmi.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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