Kodrava, Kōdrava: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Kodrava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kodrava (कोद्रव) refers to the “kodo millet”, as mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., kodrava (kodo millet)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., piṇḍāluka (colocasia)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Kodrava (कोद्रव) refers to “ditch millet”, as mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “if among the offering rites you see one with ‘ābhicāruka food,’ you should use dishes of red nonglutinous rice or use kodrava (ditch millet) seeds, or boiled rice that has been colored red, or sesamum pastries, sapūpaka, jambūliya (?), kṛsara gruel, and so forth: you will assuredly be able to vanquish your foes—of this you should have no doubts”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., kodrava], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., kodrava]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Kodrava (कोद्रव) refers to a type of grain (Paspalum scrabiculatum) and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kodrava.—(EI 5, 12), name of a grain. Note: kodrava is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōdrava (कोद्रव).—m S pop. kōdrū m An inferior grain, Paspalum frumentaceum or P. scrobiculatum.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kodrava (कोद्रव).—A species of grain eaten by the poor; अश्राद्धेयानि धान्यानि कोद्रवाः पुलकास्तथा (aśrāddheyāni dhānyāni kodravāḥ pulakāstathā) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.91.38; छित्त्वा कर्पूर (chittvā karpūra)- ण्डान् वृतिमिह कुरुते कोद्रवाणां समन्तात् (ṇḍān vṛtimiha kurute kodravāṇāṃ samantāt) Bhartṛhari 2.1.

Derivable forms: kodravaḥ (कोद्रवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kodrava (कोद्रव).—n.

(-vaṃ) A species of grain eaten by the poorer people. (Paspalum kora.) E. ka wind, udrava to go, affix ac; sown by the wind, or growing wild in many places.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kodrava (कोद्रव).—[ko-drava] (cf. the last), m. A species of grain eaten by the poorer people, Paspalum scrobiculatum, Lin., [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 98.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kodrava (कोद्रव):—m. a species of grain eaten by the poor (Paspalum scrobiculatum), [Mahābhārata xiii, 4363; Suśruta; Bhartṛhari; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra] Paddh. and [Scholiast or Commentator]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kodrava (कोद्रव):—[ko+drava] (vaṃ) 1. n. A species of grain eaten by the poorer people.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kodrava (कोद्रव) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kuddava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kodrava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōdrava (ಕೋದ್ರವ):—

1) [noun] the grass Paspalum scrobiculatum ( = P. frumentaceum) of Poaceae family.

2) [noun] its millet for which it is cultivated.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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