Pishuna, Piśuna, Pisuṇa, Pisuna: 21 definitions


Pishuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Piśuna can be transliterated into English as Pisuna or Pishuna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Pishun.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Piśuna (पिशुन) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “back-biter” (slanderous, calumnious, treacherous etc.). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.214)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Piśuna (पिशुन).—One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Piśuna (पिशुन) refers to “one who is wicked”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not hate the Ācārya, Putraka and others, be a servant of others, a glutton, attendant, prone to disasters, wicked (piśuna) or afflicted with disease. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., piśuna), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., piśuna) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Piśūna (पिशून) (lit. “one who is a betrayer”) is a synonym (another name) for the Crow (Kāka), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Pishuna in India is the name of a plant defined with Crocus sativus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Safran officinarum Medik. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2004)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Gard. Chron. (1879)
· Illustrations of the Botany of the Himalayan Mountains (1834)
· Gardeners Dictionary, ed. 8 (1768)
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1840)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Pishuna, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pishuna in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

pisuṇa : (nt.) slander; malicious speech.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Pisuṇa, (adj.) (Vedic piśuṇa, see etym. under pisāca) backbiting, calumnious, malicious M. III, 33, 49; J. I, 297; Pug. 57; PvA. 15, 16. Usually combd with vācā malicious speech, slander, pisuṇavācā and pisuṇāvācā D. I, 4, 138; III, 70 sq. , 171, 232, 269; M. I, 362; III, 23; adj. pisuṇāvāca & M. III, 22, 48; S. II, 167; Pug. 39.—Cp. pesuna. (Page 461)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

piśuna (पिशुन).—a S Slanderous or calumnious.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

piśuna (पिशुन).—a Slanderous or calumnious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन).—a. [piś-unac kicca; Uṇādi-sūtra 3.55]

1) (a) Indicating, manifesting, evincing, displaying, indicative of; शत्रूनामनिशं विनाशपिशुनः (śatrūnāmaniśaṃ vināśapiśunaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.75; तुल्यानुरागपिशुनम् (tulyānurāgapiśunam) V.2.14; R.1.53; Amaruśataka 97. (b) Memorable for, commemorating; क्षेत्रं क्षत्रप्रधनपिशुनं कौरवं तद् भजेथाः (kṣetraṃ kṣatrapradhanapiśunaṃ kauravaṃ tad bhajethāḥ) Meghadūta 48.

2) Slanderous, back-biting, calumniating; पिशुनजनं खलु बिभ्रति क्षितीन्द्राः (piśunajanaṃ khalu bibhrati kṣitīndrāḥ) Bv.1.74.

3) Betraying, treacherous.

4) Harsh, cruel, unkind.

5) Wicked, malicious; malignant.

6) Low, vile, contemptible; of a wicked person; पिशुनं भोजनं भुङ्क्ते ब्रह्महत्यासमं विदुः (piśunaṃ bhojanaṃ bhuṅkte brahmahatyāsamaṃ viduḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.136.16.

7) Foolish, stupid.

-naḥ 1 A slanderer, back-biter, tale-bearer, base informer, traitor, calumniator; वरं प्राणत्यागो न च पिशुन- वाक्येष्वभिरुचिः (varaṃ prāṇatyāgo na ca piśuna- vākyeṣvabhiruciḥ); H.1.116; Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.34; Manusmṛti 3.161; पिशुनता यद्यस्ति किं पातकैः (piśunatā yadyasti kiṃ pātakaiḥ) Bhartṛhari 1.55.

2) Cotton.

3) An epithet of Nārada.

4) A crow.

5) Name of a goblin (said to be dangerous to pregnant women).

6) Name of a writer on अर्थशास्त्र (arthaśāstra) mentioned by Kauṭilya in connection with राज- पुत्ररक्षण (rāja- putrarakṣaṇa); Kau. A.1.17.

-nam 1 Betraying.

2) Saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Cruel, wicked. 2. Vile, low, contemptible. 3. Stupid, a fool. n.

(-naṃ) Saffron. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A spy, an informer, a tale-bearer, a slanderer, a traitor. 2. A name of Narada. 3. A crow. 4. Cotton. f.

(-nā) A gramineous plant, “piḍiṅśāka” (Trigonella corniculata.) 2. Indicating, making known, evincing. 3. Calumniating, back-biting. 4. unkind. E. piś to be a part, unan Unadi aff., and the vowel unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन).—[piś + una], I. adj., f. . 1. Malignant, mischievous, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 1. 2. Betraying, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 32. 3. Backbiting, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 339. 4. Wicked, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 300. 5. Unkind, [Hitopadeśa] 56, 16. 6. One who excites hopes and disappoints them (ŚKd. sub rāgāru). Ii. m. 1. A backbiter, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 213. 2. A spy, an informer, 3, 161. Iii. n. Sycophancy, Mahābhārata 14, 1025.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन).—[adjective] backbiting, slanderous, treacherous; betraying or showing (—°). [masculine] betrayer, traitor, slanderer, a man’s name; [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Piśuna (पिशुन):—[from piś] mfn. back-biting, slanderous, calumnious, treacherous, malignant, base, wicked

2) [v.s. ...] a backbiter, informer, betrayer, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) showing, betraying, manifesting, telling of, memorable for, [Kālidāsa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] m. cotton, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Nārada

7) [v.s. ...] of a goblin dangerous to pregnant women, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Brāhman, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a minister of Duṣyanta, [Śakuntalā]

10) Piśunā (पिशुना):—[from piśuna > piś] f. Medicago Esculenta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Piśuna (पिशुन):—[from piś] n. informing against, betraying, [Mahābhārata]

12) [v.s. ...] saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Cruel, wicked, vile, stupid. m. Nārada; a spy; a crow; cotton. f. A gramineous plant (Trigonella corniculata).

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Piśuna (पिशुन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pisuṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pishuna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pishuna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Piśuna (पिशुन) [Also spelled pishun]:—(a) a back-biter; one who speaks ill of others; slanderer; hence ~[] (nf); ~[tva] (nm).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Pisuṇa (पिसुण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Katha.

2) Pisuṇa (पिसुण) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Piśuna.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piśuna (ಪಿಶುನ):—

1) [noun] an indicating, displaying.

2) [noun] a mark, sign or indication.

3) [noun] slander; detraction; calumny.

4) [noun] (masc.) a slanderer; a back-biter.

5) [noun] a wicked, ruthless fellow.

6) [noun] the dried, aromatic stigmas of the perennial plant Crocus sativus of Iridaceae family; saffron.

--- OR ---

Pisuṇa (ಪಿಸುಣ):—[noun] = ಪಿಸುಣು [pisunu].

--- OR ---

Pisuṇa (ಪಿಸುಣ):—

1) [noun] a man who utters false statement or statements damaging the character, reputation of a third person in his absence; a slanderer.

2) [noun] an evil-minded, vile or depraved man; a wicked fellow.

3) [noun] a species of bird, that is supposed to give indication of what will happen in future.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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