Pishuna, aka: Piśuna, Pisuṇa, Pisuna; 9 Definition(s)
Pishuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Piśuna can be transliterated into English as Pisuna or Pishuna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Piśuna (पिशुन) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “back-biter” (slanderous, calumnious, treacherous etc.). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.214)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Piśuna (पिशुन).—One of the seven sons of Kauśika.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 20. 3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)
Piśuna (पिशुन) refers to “one who is wicked”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not hate the Ācārya, Putraka and others, be a servant of others, a glutton, attendant, prone to disasters, wicked (piśuna) or afflicted with disease. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., piśuna), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., piśuna) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Languages of India and abroad
pisuṇa : (nt.) slander; malicious speech.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pisuṇa, (adj.) (Vedic piśuṇa, see etym. under pisāca) backbiting, calumnious, malicious M. III, 33, 49; J. I, 297; Pug. 57; PvA. 15, 16. Usually combd with vācā malicious speech, slander, pisuṇavācā and pisuṇāvācā D. I, 4, 138; III, 70 sq. , 171, 232, 269; M. I, 362; III, 23; adj. pisuṇāvāca & M. III, 22, 48; S. II, 167; Pug. 39.—Cp. pesuna. (Page 461)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
piśuna (पिशुन).—a S Slanderous or calumnious.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
piśuna (पिशुन).—a Slanderous or calumnious.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Piśuna (पिशुन).—a. [piś-unac kicca; Uṇ.3.55]
1) (a) Indicating, manifesting, evincing, displaying, indicative of; शत्रूनामनिशं विनाशपिशुनः (śatrūnāmaniśaṃ vināśapiśunaḥ) Śi.1.75; तुल्यानुरागपिशुनम् (tulyānurāgapiśunam) V.2.14; R.1.53; Amaru.97. (b) Memorable for, commemorating; क्षेत्रं क्षत्रप्रधनपिशुनं कौरवं तद् भजेथाः (kṣetraṃ kṣatrapradhanapiśunaṃ kauravaṃ tad bhajethāḥ) Me.48.
2) Slanderous, back-biting, calumniating; पिशुनजनं खलु बिभ्रति क्षितीन्द्राः (piśunajanaṃ khalu bibhrati kṣitīndrāḥ) Bv.1.74.
3) Betraying, treacherous.
4) Harsh, cruel, unkind.
5) Wicked, malicious; malignant.
6) Low, vile, contemptible; of a wicked person; पिशुनं भोजनं भुङ्क्ते ब्रह्महत्यासमं विदुः (piśunaṃ bhojanaṃ bhuṅkte brahmahatyāsamaṃ viduḥ) Mb.13.136.16.
7) Foolish, stupid.
-naḥ 1 A slanderer, back-biter, tale-bearer, base informer, traitor, calumniator; वरं प्राणत्यागो न च पिशुन- वाक्येष्वभिरुचिः (varaṃ prāṇatyāgo na ca piśuna- vākyeṣvabhiruciḥ); H.1.116; Pt.1.34; Ms.3.161; पिशुनता यद्यस्ति किं पातकैः (piśunatā yadyasti kiṃ pātakaiḥ) Bh.1.55.
3) An epithet of Nārada.
4) A crow.
5) Name of a goblin (said to be dangerous to pregnant women).
6) Name of a writer on अर्थशास्त्र (arthaśāstra) mentioned by Kauṭilya in connection with राज- पुत्ररक्षण (rāja- putrarakṣaṇa); Kau. A.1.17.
-nam 1 Betraying.
2) Saffron.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) 1. Cruel, wicked. 2. Vile, low, contemptible. 3. Stupid, a fool. n.
(-naṃ) Saffron. m.
(-naḥ) 1. A spy, an informer, a tale-bearer, a slanderer, a traitor. 2. A name of Narada. 3. A crow. 4. Cotton. f.
(-nā) A gramineous plant, “piḍiṅśāka” (Trigonella corniculata.) 2. Indicating, making known, evincing. 3. Calumniating, back-biting. 4. unkind. E. piś to be a part, unan Unadi aff., and the vowel unchanged.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Pishuna, Piśuna, Pisuṇa, Pisuna; (plurals include: Pishunas, Piśunas, Pisuṇas, Pisunas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms (by Fa-Hien)
The travels of Fa-Hian (400 A.D.) (by Samuel Beal)
Kautilya Arthashastra (by R. Shamasastry)
Chapter 5 - Time-Serving < [Book 5 - The Conduct of Courtiers]
Chapter 8 - Creation of Ministers < [Book 1 - Concerning Discipline]
Chapter 17 - Protection of Princes < [Book 1 - Concerning Discipline]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 3.161 < [Section VIII - Śrāddhas]
Verse 4.214 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 7.147 < [Section XII - Daily Routine of Work]
The Fo-Sho-Hing-Tsan-King (A Life of Buddha) (by Samuel Beal)
Varga 13. Defeats Māra < [Kiouen III]
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)