Dhenu; 10 Definition(s)


Dhenu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Dhenu (धेनु).—One of the seven major rivers in Śākadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 86. Śākadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Medhātithi, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Dhenu (धेनु).—See under Surabhi.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Dhenu (धेनु).—The brown cow fit for gift in honour of the sun; the giver attains Golokam—details described.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 93. 60. 80; 105. 16; 205. 1-7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Dhenu (धेनु, “cow”) refers to a type of animal form, representing one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The animals and birds found as vehicles for the deities or held as attributes or weapons in the hands of the deities are, for example, Dhenu.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Dhenu in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

dhenu : (f.) a cow; a female animal in general.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dhenu, (f.) (Sk. dhenu, to dhayati to give suck, see dhātī & dhītar) a milch cow, a female animal in general J.I, 152 (miga° hind); Vv 806; DhA.I, 170; 396; PvA.112. In simile at Vism.313. (Page 343)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dhēnu (धेनु).—f (S) A cow.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhēnu (धेनु).—f A cow.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhenu (धेनु).—f. [dhayati sutān, dhīyate vatsairvā, dhe-nu icca Tv.]

1) A cow, milch-cow; धेनुं धीराः सूनृतां वाचमाहुः (dhenuṃ dhīrāḥ sūnṛtāṃ vācamāhuḥ) U.5.31.

2) The female of a species (affixed to the names of other animals in this sense); as खड्गधेनुः, वडवधेनुः (khaḍgadhenuḥ, vaḍavadhenuḥ) &c.

3) The earth. (Sometimes at the end of comp. dhenu forms a diminutive; as asidhenuḥ, khaḍgadhenuḥ).

4) Any offering or present to Brāhmaṇa instead of or in the shape of a cow such as गुडधेनु, घृतधेनु, तिलधेनु, जलधेनु, क्षीरधेनु, मधुधेनु, शर्कराधेनु, दधिधेनु, रसधेनु, स्वरूपधेनु (guḍadhenu, ghṛtadhenu, tiladhenu, jaladhenu, kṣīradhenu, madhudhenu, śarkarādhenu, dadhidhenu, rasadhenu, svarūpadhenu); Matsya P.

5) A mare; यथा धेनुः किशोरेण (yathā dhenuḥ kiśoreṇa) MS.7.4.7. (tadyathā kṛṣṇakiśorā dhenuriti | yadyapi dhenuśabdo godhenvāṃ dṛṣṭapravṛttistathāpyabhi- dhānasāmānyādaśvadhenvāmapi bhāgīti kiśoreṇa liṅgena aśvadhenvāṃ vijñāyate | ŚB.).

Derivable forms: dhenuḥ (धेनुः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhenu (धेनु).—f.

(-nuḥ) A milch cow, one that has lately calved. E. dhe to drink, Unadi affix nu icca . dhayati sutān, dhīyate pīyate vatsairvā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 50 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kāmadhenu (कामधेनु) refers to the “celestial cow” and represents one of the several “attributes...
Ratna-dhenu.—(EI 13, 16, 24), name of a mahādāna. Note: ratna-dhenu is defined in the “Indian e...
Guḍadhenu (गुडधेनु).—f. (-nuḥ) Sugar piled up for distribution at certain religious rites. E. g...
Ghṛtadhenu (घृतधेनु).—ghee in the shape of milch-cow. Derivable forms: ghṛtadhenuḥ (घृतधेनुः).G...
Asidhenu (असिधेनु).—f. (-nuḥ) A knife. E. asi and dhenu a bow; the sword-like bow.
Mārgadhenu (मार्गधेनु).—m. (-nuḥ) A Yojana, a measure of distance equal to 4,000 fathoms or fou...
Dadhidhenu (दधिधेनु).—f. (-nuḥ) A quantity of curds given away at any sacrifice. E. dadhi, and ...
Godhenu (गोधेनु).—(-nuḥ) A milch cow. E. go a cow, and dhenu the same. savatsāyāṃ gavi .
Tiladhenu (तिलधेनु).—f. (-nuḥ) Sesamum made up in the shape of a cow, for the purpose of being ...
Utkrāntidhenu (उत्क्रान्तिधेनु).—A cow gifted at the time of one's death.Derivable forms: utkrā...
Rasadhenu (रसधेनु).—a cow consisting of fruit-juice. Derivable forms: rasadhenuḥ (रसधेनुः).Rasa...
Suvarṇadhenu (सुवर्णधेनु).—a golden offering in the shape of a cow. Derivable forms: suvarṇadhe...
Śarkarādhenu (शर्कराधेनु).—a gift of sugar moulded in the shape of a cow; see शर्कराचल (śarkarā...
Vanadhenu (वनधेनु).—f. (-nuḥ) The famale of the Bos Gavæus.
Homadhenu (होमधेनु).—The cow, which offers milk needed for yajña.

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