Kamakhya, Kāmākhyā, Kama-akhya, Kāmākhya: 10 definitions

Introduction

Kamakhya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kamakhya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या) is another name for Śivā: the Goddess-counterpart of Śiva who incarnated first as Satī and then Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] the great goddess Śivā is of the three natures. Śivā became Satī and Śiva married her. At the sacrifice of her father she cast off her body which she did not take again and went back to her own region. Śivā incarnated as Pārvatī at the request of the Devas. It was after performing a severe penance that she could attain Śiva again. Śivā came to be called by various names [such as Kāmākhyā,...]. These various names confer worldly pleasures and salvation according to qualities and action. The name Pārvatī is very common.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kāmākhya (कामाख्य) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kāmākhya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या, “her very name is lust”).—One of the names of the Goddess, Devī, who is regarded as the female principle of the divine; the embodiement of the energies of the Gods.

Source: Google Books: She is Everywhere!

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या) is a famous pilgrimage site located outside of Guwahati in Assam, in the northeast region of India. Primarily important to Hindu Śāktas, or believers in the preeminence of Devī, the site is “regarded as a living center of her (the Goddess’) immeasurable power” and functions as the most important Śākta-pīṭha, or sacred “seat” of the goddess for devotees. Fifty-one sacred pilgrimage sites exist on the Indian sub-continent; the most sacred for Śāktas is Kāmākhyā.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या, “She who is called Sexual Desire”):—Name of a goddess and her shrine, according to the Kālikā-purāṇa. She is said to energise the pīṭha in Kāmarūpa (now Assam) where Satī’s reproductive organs are said to have fallen, and who grants sexual fulfillment.

Source: Academia.edu: The Rite of Durgā in Medieval Bengal

As a martial embodiment, not only does Kāmākhyā protect during the performance of an apotropaic rite (śāntikaṃ), in prison (kārāgāre-nibaddho) or during raids by enemies (paracakrāgame) dressed in the trappings of a warrior deity, but, as an embodiment of sexual properties, she also enhances erotic pleasure during love-making. So the Kālikā-purāṇa instructs that a man must always meditate on Caṇḍikā (here of course also implying Kāmākhyā) before copulating with his wife.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या) (Kāmarūpa) refers to one of the four pīṭhas (sacred spots) according to the Sādhanamālā.—It is difficult to say from what exact locality Tantrism took its origin. In the Sādhanamālā are mentioned the four Pīṭhas or sacred spots of the Vajrayānists, namely, Kāmākhyā, Sirihaṭṭa, Pūrṇagiri and Uḍḍiyāna. [...] Uḍḍiyāna being one of the four Pīṭhas sacred to Vajrayoginī should be at least near Kāmākhyā, and Sirihaṭṭa (Sylhet) in Assam and it is not unusual to think that all these four Pīṭhas received their sanctity from temples dedicated to Vajrayoginī. Thus Uḍḍiyāna has to be located in Eastern and Assam area.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: What is India: Annual Report on Indian Epigraphy (1945-1952)

Kāmākhyā (near Gauhati) is an archaeologically important site situated in Kamrup district (Assam), known for inscriptions regarding the ancient history of India. For example, at the Kāmākhyā hill there is a Sanskrit inscription which records the construction of the western gate of Prāgjyotishapura by the Dehīṅgīya Baḍa-Phukkana under the king’s order. The king is called a descendant of Indra.

There is also an inscription at the Kāmākhyā temple which records the gift of a muktābharaṇa made of 15 tolas of gold and 60 tolas of silver in favour of the goddess by the Rājamantrin Baḍa-Gohāñi.

This inscription belongs to king Śivasiṃha of the Ahom dynasty. It is dated Śaka 1654.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या).—Name of Durgā.

Kāmākhyā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāma and ākhyā (आख्या). See also (synonyms): kāmākṣī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kāmākhya (कामाख्य):—[from kāma] n. Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]

2) Kāmākhyā (कामाख्या):—[from kāmākhya > kāma] f. a form of Durgā, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tantra

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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