Kalaya, aka: Kālāya, Kalāya; 6 Definition(s)
Kalaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Kalāya (कलाय) is a Sanskrit word referring to Lathyrus sativus (Indian pea), from the Fabaceae family. It is also known as Khesārī. Certain plant parts of Kalāya are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. The plant grows best where temperature ranges between 10–25 °C and average rainfall is 400–650 mm per year.
Kalāya is also identified as a synonym for Khaṇḍika, referring to the same Lathyrus sativus, according to Narahari in his Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)
Kalāya (कलाय) refers to a kind of pulse and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Kālāya (कालाय) is the name of a province visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of spiritual-exertion.—Leaving Aṅga country’s Campā city the Lord reached the province of Kālāya. There at an abandoned house, the Lord became meditative but Gośālaka started to tease, and make fun with a maidservant at the house entrance. The maidservant went and complained to the village headman and the headman’s son Puruṣasiṃha beat up Gośālaka. From Kālāya, the Lord went to Puttakālaya.Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Kaḷāya, =kalāya. (Page 200)
— or —
Kalāya, a kind of pea, the chick-pea M. I, 245 (kaḷāya); S. I, 150; A. V, 170; Sn. p. 124; J. II, 75 (=varaka, the bean Phaseolus trilobus, and kālarāja-māsa); J. III, 370; DhA I, 319. Its size may be gathered from its relation to other fruits in ascending scale at A. V, 170=S. I, 150= Sn. p. 124 (where the size of an ever-increasing boil is described). It is larger than a kidney bean (mugga) and smaller than the kernel of the jujube (kolaṭṭhi).
—matta of the size of a chick-pea S. I, 150.; A. V, 170.; Sn. p. 124 (ḷ); J. III, 370.; DhA. I, 319. (Page 199)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
kalāya (कलाय).—m S A pea, esp. Grey pea, Pisum Arven &c.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Kalāya (कलाय).—Name of a leguminous seed (Mar. vāṭāṇā); कलायपुष्पवर्णास्तु श्वेतलोहितराजयः (kalāyapuṣpavarṇāstu śvetalohitarājayaḥ) (hayaśreṣṭhāḥ) Mb.7.23.62. विकसितकलायकुसुमासितद्युतेः (vikasitakalāyakusumāsitadyuteḥ) Śi.13.21. कलायं शाकेषु (kalāyaṃ śākeṣu) ...... Pratimā.5.
Derivable forms: kalāyaḥ (कलायः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Kalaya, Kālāya or Kalāya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.32 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.345 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)