Kalaya, Kālāya, Kalāya: 13 definitions
Kalaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kalāya (कलाय) is a Sanskrit word referring to Lathyrus sativus (Indian pea), from the Fabaceae family. It is also known as Khesārī. Certain plant parts of Kalāya are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. The plant grows best where temperature ranges between 10–25 °C and average rainfall is 400–650 mm per year.
Kalāya is also identified as a synonym for Khaṇḍika, referring to the same Lathyrus sativus, according to Narahari in his Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Kalāya (कलाय) refers to “peas”, according to the Carakasaṃhitā Cikitsāsthāna 20.37, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—According to Carakasaṃhitā, pulses such as mudga (green gram), masūra (lentil), caṇaka (hemp) and kalāya (pea) were parched and eaten. Parpaṭas were prepared with flour of pulses. The soup prepared from mudga is described in Suśrutasaṃhitā.
Kalāya or “field pea” is classified as a type of grain (dhānya) in the section on śimbīdhānya (grains with pods) in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).—In śimbīdhānya-prakaraṇa the properties of grains with pods such as mudga (green gram), māṣa (black-gram), caṇaka (bengal gram), kalāya (field pea), tila (sesame), atasī (linseed), sarṣapa (mustard) and masūra (lentils) are explained.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Kalāya (कलाय) refers to a kind of pulse and represents one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra
Kālāya (कालाय) is the name of a province visited by Mahāvīra during his fourth year of spiritual-exertion.—Leaving Aṅga country’s Campā city the Lord reached the province of Kālāya. There at an abandoned house, the Lord became meditative but Gośālaka started to tease, and make fun with a maidservant at the house entrance. The maidservant went and complained to the village headman and the headman’s son Puruṣasiṃha beat up Gośālaka. From Kālāya, the Lord went to Puttakālaya.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kaḷāya, =kalāya. (Page 200)
— or —
Kalāya, a kind of pea, the chick-pea M. I, 245 (kaḷāya); S. I, 150; A. V, 170; Sn. p. 124; J. II, 75 (=varaka, the bean Phaseolus trilobus, and kālarāja-māsa); J. III, 370; DhA I, 319. Its size may be gathered from its relation to other fruits in ascending scale at A. V, 170=S. I, 150= Sn. p. 124 (where the size of an ever-increasing boil is described). It is larger than a kidney bean (mugga) and smaller than the kernel of the jujube (kolaṭṭhi).
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kalāya (कलाय).—m S A pea, esp. Grey pea, Pisum Arven &c.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kalāya (कलाय).—Name of a leguminous seed (Mar. vāṭāṇā); कलायपुष्पवर्णास्तु श्वेतलोहितराजयः (kalāyapuṣpavarṇāstu śvetalohitarājayaḥ) (hayaśreṣṭhāḥ) Mb.7.23.62. विकसितकलायकुसुमासितद्युतेः (vikasitakalāyakusumāsitadyuteḥ) Śi.13.21. कलायं शाकेषु (kalāyaṃ śākeṣu) ...... Pratimā.5.
Derivable forms: kalāyaḥ (कलायः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-yaḥ) The name of various leguminous seeds, chiefly of the order Plaseolus, particular kinds of pulse or vetches. E. ka wind, lā to bring or give, and yuk aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalāya (कलाय).—m. 1. Peas, Mahābhārata 13, 5469. 2. An unknown plant, [Śiśupālavadha] 13, 21.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kalaya (कलय):—1. kalaya [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] ([from] kali) kalayati, to take hold of the die called Kali, [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 3-1, 21.]
2) 2. kalaya [varia lectio] for kala-ja q.v.
3) Kalāya (कलाय):—m. a sort of pea or pulse, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.
4) a kind of plant with dark-coloured flowers, [Śiśupāla-vadha xiii, 21]
5) Kalāyā (कलाया):—[from kalāya] f. a species of Dūrvā-grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Kālaya (कालय):—[from kāla] [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati, to show or announce the time, [Dhātupāṭha xxxv, 28] ([varia lectio])Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalāya (कलाय):—(yaḥ) 1. m. Peas, pulse.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) m. eine Erbsenart (vulg. maṭara vā~ṭulā) [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 16.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1170.] [Mahābhārata 13, 5469.] kalāyaparimaṇḍala [Suśruta 1, 25, 7. 2, 353, 9. 1, 70, 5. 73, 8. 79, 21. 197, 13. 2, 48, 10. 196, 18.] Eine andere Pflanze: vikasatkalāyakusumāsitadyuti [Śiśupālavadha 13, 21. Scholiast] : kālapuṣpaṃ kalāyaḥ syāditi vaijayantī . —
2) f. kalāyā eine Art Panicum (s. gaṇḍadūrvā) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma]
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1) pl. [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 15, 8.]
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1) zu streichen, da an der angeführten Stelle kvālāpāḥ zu lesen ist; vgl. [Spr. 778.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kalaya (कलय):—m. Hahn [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,8.] kalaja v.l.
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1) m. — a) eine Erbsenart. — b) eine best. Pflanze mit dunkelfarbiger Blüthe. —
2) *f. ā eine Art Dūrvā-Gras [Rājan 8,117.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+1): Kalayaja, Kalayakhanja, Kalayamatta, Kalayamutthi Jataka, Kalayana, Kalayanakannika, Kalayani, Kalayapa, Kalayapana, Kalayapushpaka, Kalayasa, Kalayasadridha, Kalayasamaya, Kalayasashala, Kalayasupa, Kalayasupika, Kalayat, Kalayatana, Kalayati, Kalayavan.
Ends with: Amanaskalaya, Candikalaya, Cirakalaya, Guhyakalaya, Ishtakalaya, Kakalaya, Kalakalaya, Kalkalaya, Kankalaya, Karmukalaya, Kshanikalaya, Naimittikalaya, Pulakalaya, Pustakalaya, Puttakalaya, Samharakalaya, Shakalaya, Trikagnikalaya, Vikalaya.
Full-text (+21): Kalakalaya, Kalayakhanja, Kalapushpa, Kal, Kalayasupika, Mundacanaka, Kalaja, Kalayasupa, Cirakalaya, Kaishya, Vikalaya, Samharakalaya, Kantin, Kalayapushpaka, Ativartula, Kalayamatta, Harenda, Kalava, Puttakalaya, Khesari.
Search found 23 books and stories containing Kalaya, Kālāya, Kalāya, Kalāyā, Kālaya; (plurals include: Kalayas, Kālāyas, Kalāyas, Kalāyās, Kālayas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Nayanar 11: Kungiliya Kalaya (Kunkiliyakkalaya) < [Volume 4.1.1 - A comparative study of the Shaivite saints the Thiruthondathogai]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.32 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.345 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)