Kalavinka, Kalaviṅka: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalavinka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kalavinka in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “house sparrow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kalaviṅka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “sparrow”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) refers to the bird “Sparrow” (Passer species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kalaviṅka] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Kalavinka in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क), a name of the ‘sparrow,’ is found in the Yajurveda Saṃhitās, and occasionally later.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Kalavinka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is the name of a bird mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—Accordingly, “thus the Kia-lo-p’in-k’ie (Kalaviṅka) bird, when it is still within the egg (aṇḍakośa), surpasses all other birds by the melody of its songs. Similarly the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva, even before leaving the shell of ignorance (avidyāṇḍakośa), surpasses the Śrāvakas, Pratyekabuddhas and heretics by the sound of his preaching (dharmadeśana) and his teachings (upadeśa)”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kalavinka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—

1) A sparrow; Ms.5.12; Y.1.174. कलविङ्कस्वर उत्तरं बभाषे (kalaviṅkasvara uttaraṃ babhāṣe) Bu. Ch.5.34.

2) A spot, stain.

Derivable forms: kalaviṅkaḥ (कलविङ्कः).

See also (synonyms): kalaviṅga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—(m.; = karaviṅka, q.v.), the Indian cuckoo: Lalitavistara 353.6 (verse) °ka-rutāya vācā; 355.3 °ka-mañjugho- ṣaḥ ([bahuvrīhi], of the Buddha); 355.17 °ka-rutasvareṇa; Kāraṇḍavvūha 73.24, corrupt, read kalaviṅka-rutena svareṇa; 89.5 °ka- rutasvarābhinirghoṣeṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—m.

(-ṅkaḥ) 1. A sparrow. 2. A plant, (Echites antidysenterica:) see kaliṅgaka. 3. A spot, a stain. 4. A white Chowri. E. kala a low tone, chirping, &c. vaki to go, &c. ac affix, the deriv. is irr.; also kalaviṅkaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—m. A sparrow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalavinka (कलविन्क).—[masculine] sparrow or the Indian cuckoo.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m. a sparrow, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc., [Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) the Indian cuckoo, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

3) a spot, stain (cf. kalaṅka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a white Cāmara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Name of a plant (= kaliṅgaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—(ṅkaḥ) 1. m. A sparrow; a plant; a spot; a white chauri.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m.

1) Sperling [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 18.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1331.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 179.] [Hārāvalī 89.] [Vājasaneyisaṃhitā 24, 20. 31.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 5, 1, 2.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 6, 3, 4. 5, 5, 4, 5.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 464] (vgl. [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 9, 5).] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 12.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 174.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11576.] [Suśruta 1, 201, 1.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 53 u.s.w.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 93, 6.] —

2) Fleck (vgl. kalaṅka). —

3) ein weisser Cāmara [SĀRASVATA im Śabdakalpadruma] —

4) Name einer Pflanze (s. kaliṅgaka) [Medinīkoṣa] —

5) Nomen proprium eines Tīrtha [Mahābhārata 13, 1729.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m.

1) Sperling.

2) der indische Kuckuck [Kāraṇḍavyūha 89,15(auch.73,24] herzustellen). —

3) *Fleck.

4) *ein weisser Cāmara.

5) eine best. Pflanze , = kaliṅgaka. —

6) Nomen proprium eines Tīrtha.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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