Kalavinka, Kalaviṅka, Kalavimka: 18 definitions
Kalavinka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “house sparrow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kalaviṅka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “sparrow”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) refers to the House sparrow (Passer domesticus), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) refers to the bird “Sparrow” (Passer species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kalaviṅka] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क), a name of the ‘sparrow,’ is found in the Yajurveda Saṃhitās, and occasionally later.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is the name of a bird mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—Accordingly, “thus the Kia-lo-p’in-k’ie (Kalaviṅka) bird, when it is still within the egg (aṇḍakośa), surpasses all other birds by the melody of its songs. Similarly the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva, even before leaving the shell of ignorance (avidyāṇḍakośa), surpasses the Śrāvakas, Pratyekabuddhas and heretics by the sound of his preaching (dharmadeśana) and his teachings (upadeśa)”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
1) A sparrow; Manusmṛti 5.12; Y.1.174. कलविङ्कस्वर उत्तरं बभाषे (kalaviṅkasvara uttaraṃ babhāṣe) Bu. Ch.5.34.
2) A spot, stain.
Derivable forms: kalaviṅkaḥ (कलविङ्कः).
See also (synonyms): kalaviṅga.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—(m.; = karaviṅka, q.v.), the Indian cuckoo: Lalitavistara 353.6 (verse) °ka-rutāya vācā; 355.3 °ka-mañjugho- ṣaḥ ([bahuvrīhi], of the Buddha); 355.17 °ka-rutasvareṇa; Kāraṇḍavvūha 73.24, corrupt, read kalaviṅka-rutena svareṇa; 89.5 °ka- rutasvarābhinirghoṣeṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅkaḥ) 1. A sparrow. 2. A plant, (Echites antidysenterica:) see kaliṅgaka. 3. A spot, a stain. 4. A white Chowri. E. kala a low tone, chirping, &c. vaki to go, &c. ac affix, the deriv. is irr.; also kalaviṅkaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—m. A sparrow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalavinka (कलविन्क).—[masculine] sparrow or the Indian cuckoo.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m. a sparrow, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc., [Manu-smṛti] etc.
2) the Indian cuckoo, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]
3) a spot, stain (cf. kalaṅka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) a white Cāmara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Name of a plant (= kaliṅgaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—(ṅkaḥ) 1. m. A sparrow; a plant; a spot; a white chauri.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kalaviṃka.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kalaviṃka (कलविंक) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kalaviṅka.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kalaviṃka (ಕಲವಿಂಕ):—[noun] any small finchlike bird of the family Ploceidae, with brown and grey plumage Passer domesticus; a house sparrow.
--- OR ---
Kaḷaviṃka (ಕಳವಿಂಕ):—[noun] any small finchlike bird of the family Ploceidae, with brown and grey plumage Passer domesticus; a house sparrow.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Kalavinkabhana, Kalavinkaka, Kalavinkasvara.
Full-text: Kalavikala, Kalavinkasvara, Karavi, Abhimadyatka, Kalavinga, Tittira, Karavinka, Karavika, Bhashi, Vishkira, Garuda, Bhana, Pratuda, Vishvarupa.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Kalavinka, Kalaviṅka, Kalavimka, Kalaviṃka, Kaḷaviṃka, Kaḷaviṅka; (plurals include: Kalavinkas, Kalaviṅkas, Kalavimkas, Kalaviṃkas, Kaḷaviṃkas, Kaḷaviṅkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.12 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
Verse 5.11 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 6.15.5 < [Chapter 15 - The Glories of Nṛga-kūpa and Gopī-bhūmi]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III. Eminent knowledge of the Bodhisattva < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
6. Birth and the thirty-two marks (lakṣaṇa) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
IV. How do we know that the Buddha is fearless? < [Part 1 - The four fearlessnesses of the Buddha according to the Abhidharma]
Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics (by Saranya P.S)
Charaka Samhita (English translation) (by Shree Gulabkunverba Ayurvedic Society)
Chapter 1 - Prognosis from voice and complexion (varna-svara) < [Indriyasthana (Indriya Sthana) — Section on Sensorial Prognosis]