Kalavinka, Kalaviṅka: 14 definitions
Kalavinka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “house sparrow”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Kalaviṅka is part of the sub-group named Pratuda, refering to animals “who eat while striking”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क)—Sanskrit word for a bird corresponding to “sparrow”. This animal is from the group called Viṣkira (which scatter). Viṣkira itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Prācyā: Animals and animal products as reflected in Smṛti texts
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) refers to the bird “Sparrow” (Passer species).—Birds have been described in several ancient Sanskrit texts that they have been treated elaborately by eminent scholars. These birds [viz., Kalaviṅka] are enumerated in almost several Smṛtis in context of specifying the expiations for killing them and their flesh being used as a dietary article to give satisfaction to the manes (Pitṛs) in Śrāddha rites. These are elaborated especially in the Manusmṛti, Parāśarasmṛti [chapter VI], Gautamasmṛti [chapter 23], Śātātapasmṛti [II.54-56], Uśānasmṛti [IX.10-IX.12], Yājñavalkyasmṛti [I.172-I.175], Viṣṇusmṛti [51.28-51.29], Uttarāṅgirasasmṛti [X.16].
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क), a name of the ‘sparrow,’ is found in the Yajurveda Saṃhitās, and occasionally later.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क) is the name of a bird mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLIII.—Accordingly, “thus the Kia-lo-p’in-k’ie (Kalaviṅka) bird, when it is still within the egg (aṇḍakośa), surpasses all other birds by the melody of its songs. Similarly the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva, even before leaving the shell of ignorance (avidyāṇḍakośa), surpasses the Śrāvakas, Pratyekabuddhas and heretics by the sound of his preaching (dharmadeśana) and his teachings (upadeśa)”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) A sparrow; Ms.5.12; Y.1.174. कलविङ्कस्वर उत्तरं बभाषे (kalaviṅkasvara uttaraṃ babhāṣe) Bu. Ch.5.34.
2) A spot, stain.
Derivable forms: kalaviṅkaḥ (कलविङ्कः).
See also (synonyms): kalaviṅga.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—(m.; = karaviṅka, q.v.), the Indian cuckoo: Lalitavistara 353.6 (verse) °ka-rutāya vācā; 355.3 °ka-mañjugho- ṣaḥ ([bahuvrīhi], of the Buddha); 355.17 °ka-rutasvareṇa; Kāraṇḍavvūha 73.24, corrupt, read kalaviṅka-rutena svareṇa; 89.5 °ka- rutasvarābhinirghoṣeṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅkaḥ) 1. A sparrow. 2. A plant, (Echites antidysenterica:) see kaliṅgaka. 3. A spot, a stain. 4. A white Chowri. E. kala a low tone, chirping, &c. vaki to go, &c. ac affix, the deriv. is irr.; also kalaviṅkaka.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क).—m. A sparrow, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 12.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalavinka (कलविन्क).—[masculine] sparrow or the Indian cuckoo.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m. a sparrow, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc., [Manu-smṛti] etc.
2) the Indian cuckoo, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]
3) a spot, stain (cf. kalaṅka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) a white Cāmara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) Name of a plant (= kaliṅgaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—(ṅkaḥ) 1. m. A sparrow; a plant; a spot; a white chauri.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
Kalaviṅka (कलविङ्क):—m. —
1) Sperling. —
2) der indische Kuckuck [Kāraṇḍavyūha 89,15(auch.73,24] herzustellen). —
3) *Fleck. —
4) *ein weisser Cāmara. —
5) eine best. Pflanze , = kaliṅgaka. —
6) Nomen proprium eines Tīrtha.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 11 books and stories containing Kalavinka, Kalaviṅka; (plurals include: Kalavinkas, Kalaviṅkas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 5.12 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
Verse 5.11 < [Section II - Objectionable Food]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III. Eminent knowledge of the Bodhisattva < [Part 3 - Outshining the knowledge of all the Śrāvakas and Pratyekabuddhas]
6. Birth and the thirty-two marks (lakṣaṇa) < [Part 4 - The Bodhisattva in the Abhidharma system]
IV. How do we know that the Buddha is fearless? < [Part 1 - The four fearlessnesses of the Buddha according to the Abhidharma]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 202 - Greatness of Rāmeśvara Ksetra < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Chapter 15 - Nahuṣa and Yayāti: Their Indrahood and Fall < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)