Hrasvabahu, Hrasvabāhu: 3 definitions



Hrasvabahu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Hrasvabahu in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Hrasvabāhu (ह्रस्वबाहु) is the assumed name of king Nala, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... and going by the name of Hrasvabāhu, he [Nala] took service as a cook in the family of King Ṛtuparṇa, the sovereign of Kośala. And he acquired renown by making dishes of exquisite flavour, and by his skill in chariot-driving”.

The story of Hrasvabāhu was narrated by Sumanas to queen Bandhumatī in order to demonstrate that “reunions do take place, even of the long separated”, in other words, that “great ones, after enduring separation, enjoy prosperity, and following the example of the sun, after suffering a decline, they rise again”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hrasvabāhu, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hrasvabahu in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hrasvabāhu (ह्रस्वबाहु).—[adjective] short-armed; [masculine] Short-Arm (an assumed name of Nala).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hrasvabāhu (ह्रस्वबाहु):—[=hrasva-bāhu] [from hrasva > hras] mfn. short-armed, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Nala (while in the service of king Ṛtu-parṇa), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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