Suhrid, Suhṛt, Suhṛd, Suhrit: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Suhrid means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Suhṛt and Suhṛd can be transliterated into English as Suhrt or Suhrit or Suhrd or Suhrid, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Suhṛt (सुहृत्) refers to an archaic designation of an ancient Bhakti cult.—At the time of their composition, many texts from the various sects who saw Viṣṇu as the highest god were not grouped under a common term, like Vaiṣṇava, as we are used to grouping them. Banerjea asserts that the Pādma Tantra says (in Banerjea’s translation): “Sūri, Suhṛt, Bhāgavata, Sātvata, Pañcakālavit, Ekāntika, Tanmaya and Pāñcarātrika are different designations of this Bhakti cult”. Banerjea also points out that the term Vaiṣṇava is absent.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Suhṛd (सुहृद्) [=Suhṛda?] refers to “friends”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] The evils of bad dreams, of sad thoughts, of ill omens and of evil deeds and the like will vanish immediately when one hears of the moon’s motion among the stars. Neither the father nor the mother nor the relations nor friends [i.e., suhṛd] of a prince will desire so much his well being and that of his subjects as a true Jyotiṣaka”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Suhṛt (सुहृत्) refers to a “friend”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That very same doctrine, which is devoted to the helpless, is a preceptor and a friend [com.suhṛt], and the doctrine is a master and a brother. It is a protector without a motive. This doctrine saves the three worlds [from] sinking into the pit of hell. Also, it confers happiness beyond the senses for corporeal [souls]”.

Synonyms: Mitra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Suhṛt (सुहृत्) [or सुहृद्, suhṛd].—m (S) A friend, a person well-hearted or well-disposed. 2 In war or politics. An ally.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Suhṛd (सुहृद्).—a. having a kind heart, cordial, friendly, loving, affectionate; सुहृदः सुहृदोऽन्यांश्च दुर्हृदश्चापि दुर्हृदः । सम्यक्प्रवृत्तान् पुरुषान्नसम्यगनुपश्यतः (suhṛdaḥ suhṛdo'nyāṃśca durhṛdaścāpi durhṛdaḥ | samyakpravṛttān puruṣānnasamyaganupaśyataḥ) || Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.28.36. (-m.)

1) a friend; सुहृदः पश्य वसन्त किं स्थितम् (suhṛdaḥ paśya vasanta kiṃ sthitam) Kumārasambhava 4.27; मन्दायन्ते न खलु सुहृदामभ्युपेतार्थकृत्याः (mandāyante na khalu suhṛdāmabhyupetārthakṛtyāḥ) Meghadūta 4.

2) an ally. °भेदः (bhedaḥ)

1) the separation of friends.

2) Name of the 2nd book of the हितोपदेश (hitopadeśa); मित्रलाभः सुहृद्भेदो विग्रहः संधिरेव च । पञ्चतन्त्रात्तथान्यस्माद् ग्रन्थादाकृष्य लिख्यते (mitralābhaḥ suhṛdbhedo vigrahaḥ saṃdhireva ca | pañcatantrāttathānyasmād granthādākṛṣya likhyate) || H. Pr.9. °वाक्यम् (vākyam) the counsel of a friend.

Suhṛd is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and hṛd (हृद्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suhṛd (सुहृद्).—m. (-hṛd or hṛt) 1. A friend. 2. An ally. E. su good, kind, hṛd heart.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suhṛd (सुहृद्).—I. adj. loving, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 294; superl. suhṛttama, very fond (of each other), [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 1, M. M. Ii. m. 1. a friend, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 11, 13. 2. an ally.

Suhṛd is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and hṛd (हृद्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suhṛd (सुहृद्).—[masculine] [feminine] friendly, friend; [masculine] also ally.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suhṛd (सुहृद्):—[=su-hṛd] [from su > su-hata] a etc. See sub voce

2) [=su-hṛd] b m. ‘good-hearted’, ‘kindhearted’, ‘well-disposed’, a friend, ally (also said of planets; suhṛdo janāḥ, ‘friends’), [???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of the fourth [astrology] mansion, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] f. a female friend, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Kauśika-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] mfn. (only ifc.) fond of, liking or devoted to, [Bālarāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] very similar to, closely resembling, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suhṛt (सुहृत्):—[from su-hṛd] in [compound] for suhṛd.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suhṛd (सुहृद्):—[(d-t)] 5. m. A friend, an ally.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Suhṛd (सुहृद्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Suhi, Suhia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Suhrid in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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