Gomukha, aka: Go-mukha; 7 Definition(s)
Gomukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Gomukha (गोमुख): a Musical Instrument.—It is said to be “a wind instrument” of shell species, a kind of conch somewhat resembling the mouth of the cow, whence it derives its name. The Vedas do not know it though it appears that the flute (another kind of wind instrument) has a Vedic antiquity (see Veṇu). The Jātakas are silent about it and Kauṭilya also does not mention it. But there are many references to it in the epics. About the Gomukhas in the Vāyu-purāṇa we can say the same as in the case of Bherī.(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
1a) Gomukha (गोमुख).—City of, in Sutalam.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 22.
1b) Second Tala; Asura in.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 21.
1c) A son of Śambhu.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 67. 87.
1d) A pupil of Vedamitra—Śākalya.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 22.
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Gomukha (गोमुख) refers to a musical instrument, first mentioned in Nāṭyaśāstra 4.253, after Śiva danced using Recakas and Aṅgahāras, and Pārvatī performed a ‘gentle dance’.(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).
Gomukha (गोमुख) is another name for Govaktra, which refers to one of the four classes of praṇālas (“water-drains”) constructed into the sanctum for the purpose of draining oblation water and rainwater. It is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout Vāstuśāstra literature. The govaktra-praṇāla is connected with the Brāmaṇa caste.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vāstuśāstra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vastu-shastra) refers to the knowledge of architecture. It is a branch of ancient Indian science dealing with topics such architecture, construction, sculpture and their relation with the cosmic universe.
Kathā (narrative stories)
Gomukha (गोमुख) is the son of Ityaka (a minister of Udayana), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 23. Accordingly, when prince Naravāhanadatta (son of Udayana) grew up, all the king’s ministers brought there sons for the sake of his companion. Accordingly, “And that Prince Naravāhanadatta was always surrounded by those six ministers’ sons (eg., Gomukha), devoted to him alone, who commanded respect even in their boyhood, as if with the six political measures that are the cause of great prosperity”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Gomukha, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.
Languages of India and abroad
gōmukha (गोमुख).—n (S) A cow's mouth of wood, metal, or stone. Used as, in English, the word lion's mouth. 2 A particular musical instrument.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gōmukha (गोमुख).—n A cow's mouth of wood, metal, &c.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 1331 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Mukha (मुख, “mouth”) refers to that part of the human body from which the Buddha emitted numero...
gō (गो).—A cow. ind See agō.
adhōmukha (अधोमुख).—a (S) adhōvadana a (S adhaḥ Down, & mukha & vadana Face.) With the face dow...
śrīmukha (श्रीमुख).—n Illustrious countenance. śrīmukhānta dēṇēṃ To slap the face.
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख, “scissors’ blades”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) m...
Gomukhāsana (गोमुखासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter ...
Siṃhamukha (सिंहमुख) is the name of a ‘river mouth’ (mukha) into which the lake Anavatapta flow...
Talamukha (तलमुख).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with dance-hands (nṛttahasta);&mdas...
mukharāga (मुखराग).—m (S) The liveliness, lightness, or lustre of the countenance; clearness or...
Aśvamukha (अश्वमुख) is the name of a ‘river mouth’ (mukha) into which the lake Anavatapta flows...
Kaṭakāmukha (कटकामुख, “elephant-apple”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made w...
Sakaṭa-mukha the front or opening of the waggon, used as adj. “facing the waggon or th...
Gorasa (गोरस) refers to one of the four classifications of food (āhāra), according to rasa (tas...
Mukhasandhi (मुखसन्धि).—The “dramatic juncture of the introduction or protasis” in which an ini...
The mukhaliṅga (मुखलिङ्ग) is one of the varieties of mānuṣa-liṅgas and is distinguished from...
Search found 13 books and stories containing Gomukha or Go-mukha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 15 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Satvika, Naravahana, Indrada, Gomukha, and Kambali < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Part 4 - Chemists of the Metallic School: Introduction < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
Chapter LIV < [Book IX - Alaṅkāravatī]
Chapter XL < [Book VII - Ratnaprabhā]
Chapter CVIII < [Book XIV - Pañca]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 3: Metals, Gems and other substances (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
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