Dandadhara, aka: Daṇḍadhara, Danda-dhara, Daṇḍadhāra; 5 Definition(s)
Dandadhara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
1) Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर).—A Kṣatriya King of Magadha. The following information about this King is available from the Mahābhārata.
Daṇḍadhara was born as the rebirth of a giant known as Krodhavardhana. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 46).
Bhīmasena, during his conquest of the countries, overcame King Daṇḍadhara and his brother Daṇḍa. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 30, Stanza 17).
In the battle between the Pāṇḍavas and the Kauravas, Daṇḍadhara fought from the back of an elephant against the Pāṇḍavas. When Daṇḍadhara began to exterminate the army of the Pāṇḍavas, Śrī Kṛṣṇa persuaded Arjuna to fight against Daṇḍadhara, who was killed in the fight. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 8, Stanzas 1 to 13).
2) Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर).—One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīmasena killed this Daṇḍadhara in the battle of Kurukṣetra. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 84, Stanza 5).
3) Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर).—A king who helped the Pāṇḍavas. Very often the name Maṇimān also occurs along with the name of Daṇḍadhara. They might have been brothers or sons of the same father by separate mothers. In the Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 186, Stanza 7, mention is made that these two had been present at the marriage of Draupadī. Droṇācārya killed both of them in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 6, Stanza 13).
4) Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर).—A warrior born and bred in the country of Pāñcāla. He kept the rear of the army of Yudhiṣṭhira in the battle of Bhārata against the Kauravas. He died by an arrow of Karṇa. (Mahābhārata Karṇa Parva, Chapter 49, Stanza 27).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर).—Manu, the wielder of daṇḍa; also kings.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 58; 85. 8.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Daṇḍadhāra (दण्डधार) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.11) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Daṇḍadhāra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर) or Daṇḍadharāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Prodgītāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Daṇḍadhara Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Prodgīta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Languages of India and abroad
Daṇḍadhara (दण्डधर) or Daṇḍadhāra (दण्डधार).—a.
1) carrying a staff, staffbearer.
2) punishing, chastising; दत्ताभये त्वयि यमादपि दण्डधारे (dattābhaye tvayi yamādapi daṇḍadhāre) U.2.11.
3) exercising judicial authority. (-raḥ) 1 a king; श्रमनुदं मनुदण्डधरान्वयम् (śramanudaṃ manudaṇḍadharānvayam) R.9.3; बलीयानबलं ग्रसते दण्डधराभावे (balīyānabalaṃ grasate daṇḍadharābhāve) Kau. A.1.4.
2) Name of Yama; यमो निहन्ता (yamo nihantā)... ...दण्डधरश्च कालः (daṇḍadharaśca kālaḥ)
3) a judge, supreme magistrate.
4) a mendicant carrying a staff.
5) a potter.
6) a general (of an army;) Dk.2.
Daṇḍadhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms daṇḍa and dhara (धर).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 6 books and stories containing Dandadhara, Daṇḍadhara, Danda-dhara or Daṇḍadhāra. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
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The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)