Amukha, aka: Āmukha; 3 Definition(s)
Amukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Āmukha (आमुख).—The introduction, which is technically called āmukha, may be of five different kinds, according to the Sāhitya-darpaṇa (6.288): “Introductions may be classified as follows:
These five kinds of introduction are called āmukha.Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Āmukha (आमुख, “the introduction”) refers to one of the four varieties of the verbal style (bhāratī), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22. Bhāratī represents one of the four styles (vṛtti) employed in a dramatic production. Accordingly, “that part of a play where an actress, the jester or the assistant has a talk with the director on some relevant topic, and they use interesting words or adopt any type of the vīthī or talk in any other way, is called the introduction (āmukha) or the prologue (prastāvanā) by some”.
The five varieties (lit. elements) of the introduction (āmukha) are as follows:
- the accidental interpretation (udghātyaka),
- the opening of the story (kathodghātā),
- the particular presentation (prayogātiśaya),
- the personal business, (pravṛttaka),
- the transference (avalagita).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Languages of India and abroad
2) (In dramas) A prologue, prelude (prastāvanā); (every Sanskrit play is introduced by आमुख (āmukha). It is thus defined in S. D. नटी विदू- षको वाऽपि पारिपार्श्वक एव वा । सूत्रधारेण सहिताः संलापं यत्र कुर्वते ॥ चित्रैर्वाक्यैः स्वकार्योत्थैः प्रस्तुताक्षेपिभिर्मिथः । आमुखं तत्तु विज्ञेयं नाम्ना प्रस्तावनाऽपि सा (naṭī vidū- ṣako vā'pi pāripārśvaka eva vā | sūtradhāreṇa sahitāḥ saṃlāpaṃ yatra kurvate || citrairvākyaiḥ svakāryotthaiḥ prastutākṣepibhirmithaḥ | āmukhaṃ tattu vijñeyaṃ nāmnā prastāvanā'pi sā) || 287.
-kham ind. To the face.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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1) Bhāratī (भारती).—A famous river mentioned in the Purāṇas. It is stated in Verse 25, Chapter ...
Pravṛttaka (प्रवृत्तक, “personal business”) refers to one of the five varieties of the introduc...
Prastāvanā (प्रस्तावना).—1) Causing to be praised or mentioned, praising, praise.2) Beginning, ...
Amu (अमु).—tad. affix अम् (am) applied in Vedic Literature to किम् (kim), words ending in ए (e)...
Karaṅka (करङ्क).—1) A skeleton.2) The skull; प्रेतरङ्कः करङ्कादङ्कस्थादस्थिसंस्थं स्थपुटगतमपि क...
Āmukhīsthita (आमुखीस्थित).—ppp. (compare prec. items and especially āmukha), situated facing or...
Search found 4 books and stories containing Amukha or Āmukha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Part 2.1 - The taking of vows by the Upavāsatha < [Section II.1 - Morality of the lay person or avadātavasana]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)