Amukha, Āmukha: 7 definitions

Introduction

Amukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

Āmukha (आमुख).—The introduction, which is technically called āmukha, may be of five different kinds, according to the Sāhitya-darpaṇa (6.288): “Introductions may be classified as follows:

  1. udghātyaka,
  2. kathodghāta,
  3. prayogātiśaya,
  4. pravartaka,
  5. avalagita.”

These five kinds of introduction are called āmukha.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of amukha in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Āmukha (आमुख, “the introduction”) refers to one of the four varieties of the verbal style (bhāratī), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 22. Bhāratī represents one of the four styles (vṛtti) employed in a dramatic production. Accordingly, “that part of a play where an actress, the jester or the assistant has a talk with the director on some relevant topic, and they use interesting words or adopt any type of the vīthī or talk in any other way, is called the introduction (āmukha) or the prologue (prastāvanā) by some”.

The five varieties (lit. elements) of the introduction (āmukha) are as follows:

  1. the accidental interpretation (udghātyaka),
  2. the opening of the story (kathodghātā),
  3. the particular presentation (prayogātiśaya),
  4. the personal business, (pravṛttaka),
  5. the transference (avalagita).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of amukha in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Āmukha (आमुख).—

1) Commencement.

2) (In dramas) A prologue, prelude (prastāvanā); (every Sanskrit play is introduced by आमुख (āmukha). It is thus defined in S. D. नटी विदू- षको वाऽपि पारिपार्श्वक एव वा । सूत्रधारेण सहिताः संलापं यत्र कुर्वते ॥ चित्रैर्वाक्यैः स्वकार्योत्थैः प्रस्तुताक्षेपिभिर्मिथः । आमुखं तत्तु विज्ञेयं नाम्ना प्रस्तावनाऽपि सा (naṭī vidū- ṣako vā'pi pāripārśvaka eva vā | sūtradhāreṇa sahitāḥ saṃlāpaṃ yatra kurvate || citrairvākyaiḥ svakāryotthaiḥ prastutākṣepibhirmithaḥ | āmukhaṃ tattu vijñeyaṃ nāmnā prastāvanā'pi sā) || 287.

-kham ind. To the face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āmukha (आमुख).—adj., (presenting itself) before one's face; present, at hand: Jātakamālā 92.24 mṛtyor mukham ivāmukham (…vaḍabāmukham); Bhadracarī 58 āmukhi (m.c. for °khe; one ms. °kha) sarvi bhaveyu samagrāḥ, may they all be present (to me; āmukhi probably loc. sg., adverbial, rather than n. pl. with pronominal ending); Gaṇḍavyūha 54.20 (verse) māra- maṇḍalaraṇasmi āmukhe (loc. abs.), when the battle…is at hand; Bodhisattvabhūmi 14.13 -saddharmāntardhānim āmukhām upagatāṃ paśyati; Bodhisattvabhūmi 251.1 (bhayabhairavair) āmukhaiḥ. Cf. the following items, and s.v. poṣadha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āmukha (आमुख).—n.

(-khaṃ) 1. Prelude, prologue. 2. Commencement. ind. To the face. E. āṅ before mukha face or beginning.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Amukha (अमुख):—[=a-mukha] ([Taittirīya-saṃhitā]) or a-mukha ([Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv]) mfn. having no mouth.

2) Āmukha (आमुख):—[=ā-mukha] n. commencement, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] prelude, prologue, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. being in front or before the eyes, [Jātakamālā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of amukha in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: