Gomukhasana, aka: Gomukha-asana, Gomukhāsana; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Gomukhasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Gomukhasana in Yoga glossary... « previous · [G] · next »

Gomukhāsana (गोमुखासन) is one of the eighty-four āsanas (postures) taught by Śiva, according to the Haṭharatnāvalī 3.7-20. It is said that Ādinātha (Śiva) hand-picked 84 yoga postures from 84,00,000 living beings and taught them for the purpose of introducing physical health and well-being to the human body. The compound gomukhāsana translates to gomukha (cow’s face) and āsana (posture).

The 17th-century Haṭharatnāvalī is a Sanskrit reference book dealing with these āsanas (eg., gomukhāsana) which form a major constituent of the haṭhayoga practice. It was written by Śrīnivāsa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Gomukhāsana (गोमुखासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.22.—Accordingly, “Placing the right ankle on the left side and the left ankle on the right side, makes gomukhāsana, having the appearance of a cow”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., gomukha-āsana)

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Gomukhāsana (गोमुखासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Placing the two feet on the ground by the side of the buttocks and keeping the body steady is Gomukhāsana, resembling the mouth of a cow”.

Gomukhāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning gomukha-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

Source: archive.org: Gheranda Samhita
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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