Glani, Glāni: 19 definitions
Glani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Glāni (ग्लानि, “weakness”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Glāni (ग्लानि, “weakness”) proceeds from determinants (vibhāva) such as, vomitting, purgation, sickness, penance, austerities, fasting, mental worry, too much drinking, sexual indulgence, too much exercise, walking a long way, hunger, thirst, sleeplessness and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as a weak voice, lustreless eyes, pale face, slow gait, want of energy, thinness of the body, change of colour and the like.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “lassitude”, mentioned in verse 4.11-12 and 5.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Xerostomia, flaccidity of limbs, deafness, stupor, giddiness, and heart-disease (result) from the restraint of thirst. In this ease every cold application (is) wholesome. Racking in the limbs, anorexia, lassitude [viz., glāni], emaciation, stitches, and giddiness (result from the restraint) of hunger. In this case light, fat, warm, and little food (is) to be taken. [...]”.Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms
Glāni (ग्लानि):—Fatigue of mind or body, or loss of enthusiasm.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Kavyashastra (science of poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of glāni-bhāva is XVI.25.—Here we can see how Devavrata Bhīṣma feels guilt in the mind for fighting angrily against his teacher Paraśurāma who has completely taught him the science of archery and who has given him the treasure of divine weapons. Thus the sense of Glāni is very nicely depicted in the above example.
Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “lassitude”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess Kumārī said to Ṛṣi Vyāsa said: “[...] The soul) is bound by falsity. There is (frustrating) deceit in falsity. Lassitude [glāni] is the result of falsity and lassitude binds with (many) impediments. Due to falsity there is an impediment at every step. Due to falsity there is no other (superior world) beyond and there is (no benefit) here of this world due to falsity. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “being dejected (in mind)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.34 (“The Story of Anaraṇya”).—Accordingly, after king Anaraṇya was advised: “After giving his daughter to an old man, the king was much dejected (glāni) in mind. Abandoning everything he went to the forest for performing penance. O mountain, when the king went to the forest, the queen, passed away, due to the pangs of separation from her husband and daughter. Without the king, the respectable sons and officers of the king became unconscious. The other people thinking that the king was dead lamented much. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
glāni (ग्लानि).—f (S) Languor, lassitude, dullness, fatigue of body or depression of spirits. 2 Humble or abject supplication. 3 Emaciation.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
glāni (ग्लानि).—f Languor. Humble supplication. Emaciation.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Glāni (ग्लानि).—f. [glai bhāve ni]
1) Exhaustion, langour, fatigue; मनश्च ग्लानिमृच्छति (manaśca glānimṛcchati) Manusmṛti 1.53; अङ्गग्लानिं सुरतजनिताम् (aṅgaglāniṃ suratajanitām) Meghadūta 72,31; Śānti.4.4.
2) Decay, decline; आत्मोदयः परग्लानिर्द्वयं नीतिरितीयती (ātmodayaḥ paraglānirdvayaṃ nītiritīyatī) Śiśupālavadha 2.3; यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानि- र्भवति भारत (yadā yadā hi dharmasya glāni- rbhavati bhārata) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.7.
3) Debility, weakness.
4) Displeasure, unwillingness, sickness.
Derivable forms: glāniḥ (ग्लानिः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-niḥ) Langour, lassitude, fatigue of body or depression of mind. E. glā or glai to be weary, Unadi affix bhāve ni.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Glāni (ग्लानि).—i. e. glai + ni, f. 1. Lassitude, Mahābhārata 1, 8142. 2. Inertness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 53.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Glāni (ग्लानि):—[from glā] a etc. See, [ib.]
2) [from glai] b f. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 95], [vArttika] 4) exhaustion, fatigue of the body, lassitude, languor, depression of mind, debility, [Manu-smṛti i, 53; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) [v.s. ...] sickness, [Suśruta]
4) [v.s. ...] decrease, [Mahābhārata xii, 4750; Bhagavad-gītā iv, 7.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Glāni (ग्लानि):—(niḥ) 2. f. Languor; slander.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Glāni (ग्लानि):—(nf) remorse, repentance.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the state of being tired, worn out; physical or mental exhaustion; weariness; fatigue.
2) [noun] the state of being idle or indolent.
3) [noun] the condition of being sick or diseased; illness; sickness.
4) [noun] depression of mind as from disappointment, dissatisfaction, etc.
5) [noun] a decline; deterioration; decay.
6) [noun] (rhet.) fatigue, lassitude as one of the minor sentiment.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Glani, Glāni; (plurals include: Glanis, Glānis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 4.7.5 < [Part 7 - Ghastliness (vībhatsa-rasa)]
Verse 4.4.6 < [Part 4 - Compassion (karuṇa-rasa)]
Verse 2.4.6 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Natyashastra (English) (by Bharata-muni)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)