Glani, Glāni: 20 definitions


Glani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Glāni (ग्लानि, “weakness”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Natya Shastra

Glāni (ग्लानि, “weakness”) proceeds from determinants (vibhāva) such as, vomitting, purgation, sickness, penance, austerities, fasting, mental worry, too much drinking, sexual indulgence, too much exercise, walking a long way, hunger, thirst, sleeplessness and the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as a weak voice, lustreless eyes, pale face, slow gait, want of energy, thinness of the body, change of colour and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “fatigue”, and is a symptom of a (venemous) bite caused by the Kulacandra rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—[Cf. dṛkśophājvaraśoṇāṅgaglānyaśaktyāsyatiktatā]

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “lassitude”, mentioned in verse 4.11-12 and 5.15 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Xerostomia, flaccidity of limbs, deafness, stupor, giddiness, and heart-disease (result) from the restraint of thirst. In this ease every cold application (is) wholesome. Racking in the limbs, anorexia, lassitude [viz., glāni], emaciation, stitches, and giddiness (result from the restraint) of hunger. In this case light, fat, warm, and little food (is) to be taken. [...]”.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Glāni (ग्लानि):—Fatigue of mind or body, or loss of enthusiasm.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of glāni-bhāva is XVI.25.—Here we can see how Devavrata Bhīṣma feels guilt in the mind for fighting angrily against his teacher Paraśurāma who has completely taught him the science of archery and who has given him the treasure of divine weapons. Thus the sense of Glāni is very nicely depicted in the above example.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “lassitude”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess Kumārī said to Ṛṣi Vyāsa said: “[...] The soul) is bound by falsity. There is (frustrating) deceit in falsity. Lassitude [glāni] is the result of falsity and lassitude binds with (many) impediments. Due to falsity there is an impediment at every step. Due to falsity there is no other (superior world) beyond and there is (no benefit) here of this world due to falsity. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Glāni (ग्लानि) refers to “being dejected (in mind)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.34 (“The Story of Anaraṇya”).—Accordingly, after king Anaraṇya was advised: “After giving his daughter to an old man, the king was much dejected (glāni) in mind. Abandoning everything he went to the forest for performing penance. O mountain, when the king went to the forest, the queen, passed away, due to the pangs of separation from her husband and daughter. Without the king, the respectable sons and officers of the king became unconscious. The other people thinking that the king was dead lamented much. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

glāni (ग्लानि).—f (S) Languor, lassitude, dullness, fatigue of body or depression of spirits. 2 Humble or abject supplication. 3 Emaciation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

glāni (ग्लानि).—f Languor. Humble supplication. Emaciation.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Glāni (ग्लानि).—f. [glai bhāve ni]

1) Exhaustion, langour, fatigue; मनश्च ग्लानिमृच्छति (manaśca glānimṛcchati) Manusmṛti 1.53; अङ्गग्लानिं सुरतजनिताम् (aṅgaglāniṃ suratajanitām) Meghadūta 72,31; Śānti.4.4.

2) Decay, decline; आत्मोदयः परग्लानिर्द्वयं नीतिरितीयती (ātmodayaḥ paraglānirdvayaṃ nītiritīyatī) Śiśupālavadha 2.3; यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानि- र्भवति भारत (yadā yadā hi dharmasya glāni- rbhavati bhārata) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.7.

3) Debility, weakness.

4) Displeasure, unwillingness, sickness.

Derivable forms: glāniḥ (ग्लानिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Glāni (ग्लानि).—f.

(-niḥ) Langour, lassitude, fatigue of body or depression of mind. E. glā or glai to be weary, Unadi affix bhāve ni.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Glāni (ग्लानि).—i. e. glai + ni, f. 1. Lassitude, Mahābhārata 1, 8142. 2. Inertness, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Glāni (ग्लानि):—[from glā] a etc. See, [ib.]

2) [from glai] b f. ([Pāṇini 3-3, 95], [vArttika] 4) exhaustion, fatigue of the body, lassitude, languor, depression of mind, debility, [Manu-smṛti i, 53; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] sickness, [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] decrease, [Mahābhārata xii, 4750; Bhagavad-gītā iv, 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Glāni (ग्लानि):—(niḥ) 2. f. Languor; slander.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Glāni (ग्लानि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gilā, Gilāṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Glani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Glāni (ग्लानि):—(nf) remorse, repentance.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Glāni (ಗ್ಲಾನಿ):—

1) [noun] the state of being tired, worn out; physical or mental exhaustion; weariness; fatigue.

2) [noun] the state of being idle or indolent.

3) [noun] the condition of being sick or diseased; illness; sickness.

4) [noun] depression of mind as from disappointment, dissatisfaction, etc.

5) [noun] a decline; deterioration; decay.

6) [noun] (rhet.) fatigue, lassitude as one of the minor sentiment.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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