Dyuta, Dyūta: 18 definitions


Dyuta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dyūta (द्यूत) refers to “gambling” which is mentioned as an addictive sport, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17:—“[...] after the investiture with the sacred thread he [Guṇanidhi] learned all the eight lores (aṣṭa-vidyā) over and over again. Yet, unknown to his father he indulged in gambling (dyūta). Ever and anon he took plenty of sums from his mother and gave them over to other gamblers (dyūtakāra) with whom he contracted great intimacy. [...] Who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences of hunting, wine, slander, untruth, theft, gambling (dyūta) and prostitutes? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dyūta (द्यूत).—Gambling; an adharma and of Kali;1 of Baladeva and Rukmin.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 17. 38;
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 28. 12.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Dyūta (द्यूत) refers to “gambling” and is mentioned as an activity to abstain from, according to the Manusmṛti 2.179. and also in a list of disputes (vyavahāra) in Manusmṛti 8.4-7. The Saṃskāraratnamālā (p. 292) explains dyūta as “gambling with dice”. The Vyavahāramayūkha (p. 1) explains dyūta as “gambling with inanimate objects” and samāhvaya as “gambling with animals”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dyūta (द्यूत) refers to “gambling”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If Venus should enter the constellation of Śatabhiṣaja, drunkards or dealers in liquor will suffer; if she should enter the constellation of Pūrvabhādra, gamblers [i.e., dyūta-jīvin] will suffer as well as the Kauravas and the Pāñcālas, and there will be rain in the land. If Venus should enter the constellation of Uttarabhādra, fruits and roots will be injured; if she should enter the constellation of Revatī, travellers will suffer; if she should enter Aśvinī, horsekeepers will suffer and if she should enter Bharaṇī, hillmen and the Yavanas will suffer”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Dyūta (द्यूत) or Dyūtaviśeṣa refers to “(various games to be) played with dice” and represents one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.—Cf. either dyūtiviśepaḥ or dyataviśeṣaḥ.

Kamashastra book cover
context information

Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Kamashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Dyūta.—(HRS), gambling; the king's dues collected by the superintendent of gambling. Note: dyūta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dyūta (द्यूत).—n (S) Dice-playing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dyūta (द्यूत).—n Gaming, dice-playing. dyūtakāra c A gamester, dice-player.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dyūta (द्यूत).—[div-bhāve-kta-ūṭh ardharcā°]

1) Play, gambling, playing with dice; द्यूतं हि नाम पुरुषस्यासिंहासनं राज्यम् (dyūtaṃ hi nāma puruṣasyāsiṃhāsanaṃ rājyam) Mṛcchakaṭika 2; द्रव्यं लब्धं द्यूतेनैव दारा मित्रं द्यूतेनैव । दत्तं भुक्तं द्यूतेनैव सर्वं नष्टं द्यूतेनैव (dravyaṃ labdhaṃ dyūtenaiva dārā mitraṃ dyūtenaiva | dattaṃ bhuktaṃ dyūtenaiva sarvaṃ naṣṭaṃ dyūtenaiva) 2.7; अप्राणिभिर्यत् क्रियते तल्लोके द्यूतमुज्यते (aprāṇibhiryat kriyate talloke dyūtamujyate) Manusmṛti 9.223.

2) (fig.) A battle, fight; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.

3) The prize won; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 9.

Derivable forms: dyūtaḥ (द्यूतः), dyūtam (द्यूतम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyūta (द्यूत).—mn.

(-taḥ-taṃ) Gaming, playing with dice, or any thing not possessing life. E. div to play, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyūta (द्यूत).—[neuter] gambling, play (at dice); war, fight & its prize.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dyuta (द्युत):—n. Name of the 7th mansion (= δυτόν), [Varāha-mihira] ([varia lectio] dyuna, or dyūna).

2) Dyūta (द्यूत):—[from dyū] n. (m. only, [Mahābhārata ii, 2119]; cf. [Pāṇini 2-4, 31]) play, gaming, gambling ([especially] with dice, but also with any inanimate object), [Atharva-veda; ???; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] ([figuratively]) battle or fight, contest for ([compound]), [Mahābhārata iii, 3037 etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the prize or booty won in battle, [ib. vii, 3966; ix, 760.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dyūta (द्यूत):—[(taḥ-taṃ)] 1. m. n. Gaming.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dyuta (द्युत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jūa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dyuta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dyūta (द्यूत) [Also spelled dyut]:—(nm) gambling; ~[kara/kāra] a gambler; -[krīḍā] gambling: —[maṃḍala/ samāja] a team of gamblers; -[vṛtti] gambling profession; urge to gamble.

context information


Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dyūta (ದ್ಯೂತ):—

1) [noun] a sport as an activity for recreation.

2) [noun] a game of chance played with dice and pawns; gambling.

3) [noun] money or other valuable offered as stake, in this game.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of dyuta in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: