Edaka, Eḍaka: 16 definitions


Edaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna

Eḍaka (एडक)—Cf. Aja (‘goat’).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Eḍaka (एडक) [?] refers to the Great Tibetan sheep (Ovis ammon), according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Eḍaka (एडक, “sheep”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. People who, in their former lives, have trussed them up, whipped them or been guilty of crimes of this kind, assume the animal form of an elephant (haja), a horse (aśva), a cow (go), a sheep (eḍaka) or a deer (mṛga).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Eḍaka (एडक) is given in Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 4.342 as ‘sheep’, but in the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 8.6 was more likely meant ‘goat’.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ēḍakā (एडका).—m (ēḍaka S) A ram. ēḍakā & mēṇḍhā are equally Ram, but ēḍakā is ordinarily understood of A ram trained to fight, or suffered to live long enough to obtain horns. 2 An ant-lion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ēḍakā (एडका).—m A ram. An ant-lion.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eḍaka (एडक).—

1) A ram; वर्धन्ते पक्षिसंघाश्च तथा पशुगवेडकम् (vardhante pakṣisaṃghāśca tathā paśugaveḍakam) Mb.3.142.37.

2) A wild goat.

3) A kind of medicinal plant.

-kā A ewe.

Derivable forms: eḍakaḥ (एडकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eḍaka (एडक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A ram. 2. A wild goat. f.

(-kā) A ewe. E. īl to go, ṇvul affix; and la changed to ḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eḍaka (एडक).—m. A ram, Mahābhārata 3, 10935.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eḍaka (एडक).—[masculine] a kind of sheep.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Eḍaka (एडक):—[from eḍa] m. a kind of sheep, ram, wild goat, [Mahābhārata; Bhāvaprakāśa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of medicinal plant, [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] f(ā, ikā). (ā [gana] ajādi, [Pāṇini 4-1, 4, and] ikā) the female of the above sheep, a ewe, [Bhāvaprakāśa] (cf. aiḍaka.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Eḍaka (एडक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A ram, a wild goat.

2) Eḍakā (एडका):—(kā) 1. f. A ewe.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Eḍaka (एडक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Eḍakka, Eḍayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Edaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Eḍaka (ಎಡಕ):—[noun] a metallic percussion instrument, usu. used in Koḍagu in southern Karnāṭaka.

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Ēḍaka (ಏಡಕ):—

1) [noun] an undomesticated sheep; a wild-sheep.

2) [noun] an undomesticated goat; a wild-goat.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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