Abdhi: 19 definitions


Abdhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[ next»] — Abdhi in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Abdhi (अब्धि) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Abdhinṛsiṃha or Abdhinarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Abdhi (अब्धि) refers to the “ocean (of transmigration)”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “With true devotion I worship that divine and omnipresent Śārikā, who bears the crescent moon on her head, who grants liberation, destroys delusion everywhere, destroys the bad fear of meeting a wrong death. O mother Śārikā, whoever devotedly recites your tāra-syllable, which carries one across the ocean of transmigration (saṃsāra-abdhi), may, when his wisdom is ripened through the knowledge of the absolute, even put to shame the Lord of the Word. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Abdhi (अब्धि) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—abdhi] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Abdhi (अब्धि) refers to the “ocean (of life)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “All the connections arising from the ocean of life (bhava-abdhi-prabhava) are the abode of bad luck for human beings [and] thus, in the end, [the connections] are exceedingly tasteless”.

Synonyms: Samudra, Sāgara, Vārdhi, Ambudhi.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Abdhi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’; see sāgara. Note: abdhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

abdhi (अब्धि).—m S The ocean: also a sea.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

abdhi (अब्धि).—m The ocean; a sea.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि).—[āpaḥ dhīyante atra, dhā-ki]

1) The ocean, receptacle of water; (fig. also) दुःख°, कार्य°, ज्ञान° (duḥkha°, kārya°, jñāna°) &c.; store or reservoir of anything.

2) A pond, lake.

3) (In Math.) A symbolical expression for the number 7; sometimes for 4.

Derivable forms: abdhiḥ (अब्धिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि).—m.

(-bdhiḥ) The ocean. E. ab substituted for ap water; dhi from dhā to have, and ki aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि).—i. e. ap-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. The occan, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 12, 113.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि).—[masculine] ocean, sea (lit. water-receptacle).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Abdhi (अब्धि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] by Kedāra. Quoted by Śrīdharasvāmin in Smṛtyarthasāra. Oxf. 286^a.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Abdhi (अब्धि):—[=ab-dhi] [from ab-ja] m. (√dhā), a pond, lake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the ocean, [Hitopadeśa etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (hence) the numeral 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-dhiḥ) 1) The ocean; lit. and figur.; e. g. (figur.) in the Nalodaya: api yo dāyādāya kṣayapradohaṃsi satāṃ yadāyā dāyaḥ . karamādāyādāya śriyobdhiradhirājamasigadāyādā yaḥ; or in the Rudrayāmalat.: sadā sevyo devaiḥ sa bhavati naro bhaktisulabhaḥ . sa jīvanmuktopi tarati ca bhavābdhimacirataḥ.

2) The name of one of the attendants of the Sun (acc. to Vyāḍi on Hemach.).

3) (In mathematical language sometimes used to denote) the numeral 4; e. g. in Brahmagupta's Brāhmasiddhānta: parivartākhacatuṣṭayaśarābdhirasaguṇayamadvivasutithayaḥ (comp. Colebr. As. Res. Xii. p. 231 note); or kasyāsau ghaṭikāsaṃgho dyugaṇasya yadudbhavam . pañcābhracandrābdhimitaṃ vidhormaṇḍalaśeṣakam; or in the Keralagrantha, as quoted by Rādhāk. (s. v. abhighāta): abhighātaṃ syātpūrvaṃ vedadvitryabdhivarṇāścet . nagavargāṇāṃ parato dharaṇīcandradvirāmāḍhyāḥ; or in the Sūryasiddh. quoted Journ. As. Xvi. p. 35. 1. 12. Schlegel is probably correct when he ascribes this use of the word to the division of the ocean according to the four cardinal points of the compass (Refl. sur l'étude des langues as. p. 198), but he is mistaken when he adds, that ‘ocean’ may designate also the numeral 7, for all the synonymes of this word are only used to denote 4; comp. E. Jacquet Journ. As. vol. Xvi. (1835) p. 17. 104. and, besides Raffles quoted there, Humboldt's Kawi Sprache I. p. 32.—E. ap and dhi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि):—(bdhiḥ) 2. m. The ocean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Abdhi in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Abdhi (अब्धि):—(nm) a sea, an ocean.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Abdhi (ಅಬ್ಧಿ):—

1) [noun] the continuous body of salt water covering the greater part of the earth’s surface; ocean.

2) [noun] the symbol for the number four ( or seven, according to some).

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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