Ambudhi, Ambu-dhi: 16 definitions


Ambudhi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Prabhupada Books: Sri Caitanya Caritamrta (jyotisha)

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि) refers to the “oceans” (between the seven islands), as mentioned in the Śrī Caitanya Caritāmṛta 2.20.387ff.—Accordingly, “The sun moves across the zodiac day and night and crosses the oceans between the seven islands [i.e., saptadvīpa-ambudhi] one after the other. According to Vedic astronomical calculations, the rotation of the sun consists of sixty daṇḍas, and it is divided into thirty-six hundred palas. The sun rises in steps consisting of sixty palas. Sixty palas equal one daṇḍa, and eight daṇḍas comprise one prahara. The day and the night are divided into eight praharas—four belonging to the day and four belonging to the night. After eight praharas, the sun rises again”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—ambudhi] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि) refers to the “ocean (of worldly existence)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.29 (“Śivā-Śiva dialogue”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to Śiva: “[...] O great lord, I know you in every respect. O omniscient, of what avail is a detailed talk. Take pity on me. Spread your glory in the world indulging in your wonderful divine sports. Singing them, O lord, people can cross the ocean of worldly existence (bhava-ambudhi)”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि) refers to the “ocean”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The rain clouds, wind, sun, moon, earth, ocean (ambudhi) and Indra—those, which are protected by the doctrine, are of service to the whole world. I think, that doctrine, whose progress is unimpeded, has arisen for the benefit of the world of living souls in the guise of world-protectors”.

Synonyms: Abdhi, Sāgara, Vārdhi, Samudra.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ambudhi.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’; see sāgara. Note: ambudhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ambudhi (अंबुधि).—m S The ocean: also a sea.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ambudhi (अंबुधि).—m The ocean, a sea.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि).—[ambūni dhīyante atra; dhā-ki]

1) any receptacle of waters; such as a jar; अम्बुधिर्घटः (ambudhirghaṭaḥ) Sk. °-sravā Aloe perfoliata (Mar. koraphaḍa).

2) the ocean; क्षार° (kṣāra°) Bhartṛhari 2.6.

3) the number four (in Math.). °प्रसवा (prasavā) Name of a plant (ghṛtakumārī).

Derivable forms: ambudhiḥ (अम्बुधिः).

Ambudhi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ambu and dhi (धि).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) The ocean. E. ambu and dhi what possesses; from dhāñ with ki affixed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि).—i. e. ambu-dhā (cf. nidhi), m. The occan, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि).—[masculine] the ocean (lit. water-receptacle.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ambudhi (अम्बुधि):—[=ambu-dhi] [from ambu] m. receptacle of waters, the ocean

2) [v.s. ...] the number, ‘four’

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ambudhi (अम्बुधि):—[ambu-dhi] (dhiḥ) 2. m. The ocean.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ambudhi in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃbudhi (ಅಂಬುಧಿ):—

1) [noun] a large basin holding water; a sea, ocean or a lake.

2) [noun] a symbol for the number five (5).

3) [noun] a container, vessel containing water.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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