Sammukha, aka: Saṃmukha; 7 Definition(s)


Sammukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sammukha in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sammukha : (adj.) face to face with. (loc.) in the presence. || sammukhā (ind.) in front; face to face.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sammukha, (adj.) (saṃ+mukha) face to face with, in presence; sammukhaciṇṇa a deed done in a person’s presence J. III, 27; sammukhā (Abl.) 1. face to face, before, from before D. II, 155; Sn. p. 79; J. I, 115; III, 89 (opp. parokkhā); with Acc. Bu II. 73=J. I, 17; with Gen. D. I, 222; II, 220; M. I, 146. -2. in a full assembly of qualified persons Vin. II, 3; Loc. sammukhe D. II, 206; J. V, 461. In composition sammukha°, sammukhā° & sammukhī° (before bhū): °bhāva (°a°) presence, confrontation Miln. 126; (°ī°) being face to face with, coming into one’s presence D. I, 103; M. I, 438; A. I, 150; °bhūta (°ī°) being face to face with, confronted D. II, 155; S. IV, 94; Vin. II, 73; A. III, 404 sq.; V, 226; one who has realized the saṃyojanas Kvu 483; °vinaya (°ā°) proceeding in presence, requiring the presence of a chapter of priests and of the party accused Vin. II, 74, 93 sq.; IV, 207; A. I, 99; DhsA. 144. See also yebhuyyasikā. (Page 696)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sammukha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

sammukha (सम्मुख).—a (S) Facing or fronting, having the face opposed to, or being opposed to the face of.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sammukha (सम्मुख).—a Facing or fronting.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sammukha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṃmukha (संमुख).—a. (-khā or -khī f.),

-saṃmukhīna a.

1) Facing, fronting, face to face, opposite, confronting; कामं न तिष्ठति मदाननसंमुखी सा (kāmaṃ na tiṣṭhati madānanasaṃmukhī sā) Ś.1.31; R.15.17; Śi.1.86.

2) Encountering, meeting.

3) Disposed to.

4) Looking or directed towards.

5) Propitious, favourable; त्रयोऽप्य- न्यायतः सिद्धाः संमुखे कर्मणि स्थिते (trayo'pya- nyāyataḥ siddhāḥ saṃmukhe karmaṇi sthite) Pt.5.91.

6) Fit, suitable.

-kham, -khe ind. In front of, opposite to, before, in the presense of; न बभूव तदा कश्चिद्युयुत्सोरस्य संमुखे (na babhūva tadā kaścidyuyutsorasya saṃmukhe) Rām. 7.28.5.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃmukha (संमुख).—adj., ep. of gāthā, only in Mv (re-placed elsewhere by °kham, adv., but once like it assoc. with sārūpya, q.v.), (spoken) face to face (not passend, den Umständen angemessen, pw 7.381, citing only passages with saṃmukham, adv.): bodhisattvaṃ…saṃmukhā- bhiḥ sārūpyābhir gāthābhiḥ abhistave Mv ii.266.1; °khā- bhir gāthābhir abhistave iii.345.17; with omission also of [Page581-b+ 71] the word gāthābhiḥ, bhagavantaṃ °khābhir adhyabhāṣe Mv i.174.2. Cf. °kha-vinaya, and °kham, °khā(t).

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Saṃmukhā (संमुखा).—(t) , adv. (abl. of °kha; = Pali °khā), (1) from (the presence of), with gen. (compare saṃmukham, 2): bhagavato °khā śrutvā °khā pragṛhītvā Mv i.319.6; śrutaṃ hi mayā mahābrahmaṇo °khād…iii.217.8; 218.4 and (om. mahā) 17 (mss. always brāhm°); (2) in the presence of, with gen. (so also Pali, Miln. 28.6): evaṃ Bhagavāṃ Uruvilvā-kāśyapasya saṃmukhā (v.l. °khāt) trayo bhrātarāṃ…vinayesi Mv iii.428.9; similarly 429.11 °kāśyapasya saṃmukhā (but here mss. pramukhā; Senart's note suggests reading in both places °Kāśyapa-pramukhā, of whom K. was the chief; there were, in fact, only three brothers, counting U.-K., and perhaps Senart's suggestion is right).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sammukha (सम्मुख).—mfn.

(-khaḥ-khā or -khī-khaṃ) Encountering, facing, in front of. E. sam with, mukha the face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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