Bimba, Vimbā, Vimba: 25 definitions



Bimba means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Binb.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

bimba–(reflection or prototype) the original or model after which a thing is copied (the Original Being of course is God). This is a Sanskrit term used in hindu iconology (e.g. the Āgamas).

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Bimba (बिम्ब).—reflection or prototype;—the original or model after which a thing is copied (the Original Being of course is God).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Bimba (बिम्ब) refers to an “image made of metal”.—The term “image” finds its close parallel in Sanskrit words like pratikṛti, pratimā, bimba, and so on. The word bimba means imitation and it is very frequently used in the sense of the images of divinities. An image made of metal is called bimba, and one that is carved by hand is known as pratimā. In general, all the icons are called paḍima.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bimba (बिम्ब).—A son of Vasudeva and Bhadrā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 173; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 171.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bimba (बिम्ब) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (e.g., bimba) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bimba (बिम्ब).—Disc or orb of a planet. Note: Bimba is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Bimba (बिम्ब) or Bimbāgama refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The Śaivāgamas are divided into four groups viz. Śaiva, Pāśupata, Soma and Lākula. Śaiva is further divided in to Dakṣiṇa, Vāma and Siddhānta (e.g., bimba).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Bimba (बिम्ब) appears in one passage of the Jaiminīya Upaniṣad Brāhmaṇa (iii. 5, 6) to denote the plant Momordica monadelpha.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bimba (बिम्ब, “reflection”) refers to one of the ten comparisons (upamāna) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 11. These upamānas represent a quality of the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata. They accepted that dharmas are like a reflection (bimba). The reflection (bimba) in the mirror is not produced by the mirror (ādarśa), nor by the face (vaktra), nor by the person holding the mirror (ādarśa-dhara), nor by itself (svataḥ); but it is not without causes and conditions (hetupratyaya). It is the same for the dharmas: they are not produced by themselves (svataḥ), nor by another (parataḥ), nor by both together (ubhayataḥ); but they are not without causes and conditions.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bimba (Bimba) refers to the plant Cephalandra indica and its fruit is scarlet when ripe, and is commonly used as a synonym for unsurpassable redness.—(cf. ‘The Commercial Products of India (Watt)’, Dict. Vol. II, p. 252.).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bimba.—(IA 3; HA), same as pratimā; an image. Note: bimba is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bimba : (nt.) an image; figure; the disk (of the sun or moon). || bimbā (f.) name of the Prince Siddharth's wife.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bimba, (nt.) (cp. Class. Sk. bimba) 1. shape, image (=paṭimā VvA. 168) S. I, 134 (trsl. “puppet”); V, 217 (vimba); J. V, 452. In phrase cittakataṃ bimbaṃ it refers to the human body (“the tricked-out puppet-shape” Brethren 303): M. II, 64 = Th. 1, 769 = Dh. 147=VvA. 47, cp. DhA. III, 109 (=attabhāva).—2. the red fruit of Momordica monadelpha, a species of Amaranth (cp. Sk. bimba & bimbī, a kind of gourd) J. III, 478; VI, 457, 591; Vv 366 (kañcana°-vaṇṇa of the colour of the golden Bimba Dhp. at VvA. 168 takes it as bimba1=paṭimā; DhA. I, 387 (°phala, with ref. to red lips). bimboṭṭha (f. °ī) (having) red lips J. III, 477; VI, 590 (nigrodhapatta-bimb’oṭṭhī) ThA. 133 (Ap. V, 57). The Sk. vimbī according to Halāyudha 2, 48 is equal to oṣṭhī, a plant (Bryonia grandis?).—oṭṭhi see above 2.—ohana (second part either= *ūhana vāhana “carrying,” or contracted form of odahana fr. ava+dhā, i.e. *odhana *ohana “putting down,” or still more likely for ūhana as seen in ūhanati2 2 fr. ud+hṛ raising, lifting up) a pillow Vin. I, 47 (bhisi°); II, 76, 150, 208, 200, 218; III, 90, 119 (bhisi°); IV, 279; S. II, 268; A. III, 240; VbhA. 365; Vism. 79. See also bhisi1.—jāla (BR. bimbajā?) the Bimba tree, Momordica monadelpha (lit. net of b. fruits) J. I, 39; VI, 497 (cp. p. 498 ratt’aṅkura-rukkhaṃ probably with v. l. to be read ratta-kuravaka°, see bimbi-jāla); Bu XVI, 19. (Page 487)

2) Vimba, is another spelling for bimba at S. V, 217. Cp. BSk. vimbaka (form of face) Divy 172, 525. (Page 632)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bimba (बिंब).—n (S) The disk of the sun or a planet. 2 (As opp. to pratibimba Image reflected, shadow.) The body which casts the reflection, the substance. 3 A term for a personage or thing considered as that by which splendor or honor is cast or conferred upon the persons or things serving subordinately. Ex. saradāralōka jāūna laḍhāī dētīla parantu rājācā putra ugīñca bimba mhaṇūna barōbara ghyāvā. 4 In poetical or elaborate composition. The subject to be elaborated (by arguments, illustrations &c.) 5 A fruit of Bryonia grandis. Linn., or Momordica monadelphia. Rox. 6 A short (four-inch) triangular reed, growing in rice-fields and wet places. 7 f S Popularly nāgaramōthā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bimba (बिंब).—n The disc of the sun. The body which casts the reflection.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bimba (बिम्ब).—

1) The disc of the sun or moon; वदनेन निर्जितं तव निलीयते चन्द्रबिम्बमम्बुधरे (vadanena nirjitaṃ tava nilīyate candrabimbamambudhare) Subhāṣ; so सूर्य°, रवि° (sūrya°, ravi°) &c.

2) Any round or disc-like surface; as in नितम्ब- बिम्बः (nitamba- bimbaḥ) &c.

3) An image, shadow, reflection; बिम्बादिवो- त्थितौ बिम्बौ रामदेहात्तथापरौ (bimbādivo- tthitau bimbau rāmadehāttathāparau) Rām.1.4.11; प्रभवति शुचिर्बिम्ब- ग्राहे मणिर्न मृदां चयः (prabhavati śucirbimba- grāhe maṇirna mṛdāṃ cayaḥ) U.2.4.

4) A mirror.

5) A jar.

6) An object compared (opp. pratibimba to which it is compared).

7) A statue, figure, idol; हेमबिम्बनिभा सौम्या मायेव मयनिर्मिता (hemabimbanibhā saumyā māyeva mayanirmitā) Rām.6.12.14.

8) A mould, matrix; यथा लोहस्य निःस्यन्दो निषिक्तो बिम्बविग्रहम् (yathā lohasya niḥsyando niṣikto bimbavigraham) (upaiti) Mb.14.18.9.

-mbaḥ A lizard.

-mbam The fruit of a tree (which, when ripe, is ruddy and to which the lips of young women are often compared); रक्तशोकरुचा विशेषितगुणो बिम्बाधरालक्तकः (raktaśokarucā viśeṣitaguṇo bimbādharālaktakaḥ) M.3. 5; पक्कबिम्बाधरोष्ठी (pakkabimbādharoṣṭhī) Me.84; cf. N.2.24.

Derivable forms: bimbaḥ (बिम्बः), bimbam (बिम्बम्).

--- OR ---

1) Vimba (विम्ब).—See बिम्ब (bimba).

Derivable forms: vimbaḥ (विम्बः), vimbam (विम्बम्).

2) Vimbā (विम्बा).—f. Name of a creeper.

See also (synonyms): vimbī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bimba (बिम्ब).—nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7912, cited from Gaṇḍavyūha; Gaṇḍavyūha 106.16 (not in the list of Gaṇḍavyūha 133).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vimba (विम्ब).—mn.

(-mbaḥ-mbaṃ) 1. The disk of the sun or moon. 2. An image, a picture, a shadow, a reflected or represented form. 3. The gourd of the Momordica monadelpha. nf. (-mbaṃ-mbā or -mbī) A cucurbitaceous plant with red fruit, (Momordica monadelpha.) E. vi to go, to shine, ban Unadi aff., mum aug.; the radical vowel made short.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bimba (बिम्ब).—or vimba, I. m. and n. 1. The disk of the sun or moon, [Pañcatantra] 162, 23. 2. A reflected form, an image, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 48. 3. Reflection, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 35, 18. 4. The gourd of the Momordica monadelpha. Ii. n., and f. or , A cucurbitaceous plant with red fruit, Momordica monadelpha, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 225.

2) Vimba (विम्ब).—vimbita vimbita, vimboṣṭha vimboṣṭha, and vimbauṣṭha vimbauṣṭha; see bimbº.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bimba (बिम्ब).—[masculine] [neuter] disk (of sun or moon), globe, hemisphere; orb, circle i.[grammar]; mirror, image, picture, shadow.

— [masculine] lizard, chameleon; [feminine] ī a kind of gourd, [neuter] its red fruit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bimba (बिम्ब):—mn. (also written vimba, or vimva, of doubtful origin, but cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 95 [Scholiast or Commentator]]; ifc. f(ā).)

1) the disk of the sun or moon, [Kāvya literature; Purāṇa] etc.

2) any disk, sphere, orb (often applied to the rounded parts of the body), [Kālidāsa; Pañcatantra]

3) a mirror, [Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad; Kumāra-sambhava]

4) an image, shadow, reflected or represented form, picture, type, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

5) (in [rhetoric]) the object compared (as opp. to prati-bimba, ‘the counterpart’ to which it is compared), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Pratāparudrīya]

6) m. a lizard, chameleon, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

7) Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

8) Bimbā (बिम्बा):—[from bimba] f. Momordica Monadelpha (a plant bearing a bright-red gourd), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of 2 metres, [Colebrooke]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Bālāditya (king of Kaśmīra), [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

11) Bimba (बिम्ब):—n. the fruit of the Momordica Monadelpha (to which the lips of women are often compared), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

—— OR ——

Vimba (विम्ब):—etc. See bimba.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Bimba (बिम्ब):——

1) m. n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) — a) die Scheibe der Sonne oder des Mondes. — b) Kugel , Halbkugel , Scheibe überh. ; insbes. die rund hervortretenden Theile des Körpers. — c) Spiegel. — d) Bild , Abbild. — e) in Gleichnissen das Verglichene.

2) m. — a) Eidechse , Chamäleon [Gautama's Dharmaśāstra 22,19.] — b) Nomen proprium eines Mannes. —

3) f. ā — a) *Momordica monadelpha , eine Cucurbitacee. — b) Name zweier Metra. — c) Nomen proprium einer Fürstin. —

4) f. ī — a) Momordica monadelpha. — b) *Nomen proprium der Mutter Bimbisāra's. —

5) n. die rothe Frucht von Momordica monadelpha , mit der die Lippen häufig verglichen werden.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Biṃba (बिंब) [Also spelled binb]:—(nm) an image; shadow; reflection; the disc of sun or moon; the plant Memordica mondelpha; ~[phala] the bright red ripened fruit of the plant Memordica mondelpha; -[yojanā] imagery; ~[vāda] imagism; hence ~[vādī] (a, nm); -[vidhāna] imagery.

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