Bimbisara, Bimbisāra: 9 definitions
Bimbisara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
1) Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार) is the name of a king according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII).—“thus king P’in p’o so lo (Bimbisāra), for the beauty of a woman, entered an enemy kingdom and stayed alone in the chamber of the courtesan (veśya) A fan p’o lo (Āmrapālī)”.
Note: The meeting between Bimbisāra and Āmrapālī, to which the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra alludes here, is told at length in T 553 and 554 (l.c.): The king enters the garden by way of an aqueduct, climbs into the tower, seduces Āmrapālī and, before leaving her, gives her his ring saying that if she has a daughter she can keep her, but if she has a son, she must bring him to the palace along with the ring as a sign of recognition. A detailed recitation of the meeting is also given in the Cīvaravastu of the Mūlasarvāstivādin Vinaya. The original text, found at Gilgit, has been published in Gilgit Manuscripts, III, p, 19–21.
2) Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार) is the name of a king of olden times subdued by the Buddha mentioned in order to demonstrate the fearlessness of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “a hundred thousand Che-tseu (Śākya) who all were great kings in Jambudvīpa, king P’in-p’o-so-lo (Bimbisāra), etc., all became his disciples”.
Note: Bimbisāra, king of Magadha, had two well-known meetings with the Buddha. The second took place at the Supatiṭṭhacetiya of the Laṭṭhivanuyyāna; it was then that the king was converted with all his people and became srotaāpanna (references above, p. 30F as note). Further mentions in the Traité at p. 93F, 147F, 175F, 186F 637F, 990–992F and notes.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: The Chronological History of Buddhism
Bimbisara was the son of Mahapadma, Prasenajit was the son of Brahmadatta, Pradyota was the son of Anantanemi and Udayana was the son of Shatanika. Vrijji or Vajji Sangha was ruling in Vaishali. Lichchavis were the most powerful clan of Vrijji Sangha.
Bimbisara succeeded his father Mahapadma in Rajagriha and Prasenjit succeeded his father Brahmadatta in Kosala. The sister of Prasenajit was the chief queen of King Bimbisara. Some of the Sanskrit Buddhist texts like Buddhacharita of Ashvaghosha, the Gilgit manuscript of Sanghabhedavatsu etc., refer to Bimbisara as “Shrenya Bimbisara” . According to the Gilgit manuscript of Vinayavastu (Pravrajyavastu), Bimbisara was called “Shrenya” because his father forced him to excel in 18 subjects of education. Buddhacharita mentions that Bimbisara was a scion of Haryanka dynasty (Haryanka Kula).
King Shrenya Bimbisara of Magadha was killed by his own son Ajatashatru in 1873 BC. Thus, Ajatashatru became the king of Magadha in 1873 BC.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार) or Śreṇika is the name of the chowri-bearer accompanying Mahāvīra: the last of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Mahāvīra, the twenty-fourth or the last Jina is the greatest of all the Tīrthaṃkaras. His position is of unchallenged eminence in the Jaina religion, history and iconography. Being the Lion among the Jaina prophets, rightly given was his emblem of a lion. His Yakṣa spirits are respectively known as Mātaṅga and Siddhāyikā. The Magadhan King Śreṇika or better known as Bimbisāra acts as his Chowri-bearer. His Kevala tree is called Sāla (L. Shorca robusta).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार).—Name of a king of Magadha, a contemporary of गौतमबुद्ध (gautamabuddha).
Derivable forms: bimbisāraḥ (बिम्बिसारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार).—(= Pali id.; mss. sometimes Bimba°, Divyāvadāna 145.24 f.; 146.10; 545.6; Avadāna-śataka i.2.7; Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, 114 n. 1; 121.2 etc.; text Bimbāsāra- suta = Ajātaśatru (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 602.23), name of a king of Magadha in Buddha's time, father of Ajātaśatru: he is oftenest called Śreṇiya (or Śreṇya, Śreṇika) Bi°, see these names, which are always accompanied by Bi° except in Mahāvyutpatti 3652 where Śreṇika occurs alone, Bimbisāra in 3647 (in the same list); but Bimbisāra also occurs often alone, Mahāvastu ii.2.9; Lalitavistara 241.7, 9; 407.8, 10; Divyāvadāna 253.24; 269.9; 369.8; 392.1; 393.28; 545.6 ff.; Avadāna-śataka i.2.7; 107.6 ff.; 290.4 ff.; 307.6 ff.; 319.6 ff.; 326.12 ff.; in the mss. of Mahāvastu the name is also written °śāla and °śāra (i.254.15; 256.14, 17; 257.9, etc.); (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 602.23 (above).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार).—[masculine] [Name] of a king.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार):—[=bimbi-sāra] [from bimba] m. (from bimbin or bimbī+s?) Name of a king of Magadha (contemporary and patron of Gautama Buddha), [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 48 etc.] ([varia lectio] vidhisāra, vidmi-sāra, vindu-sena, vindhya-sena)
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Bimbisāra (बिम्बिसार):—[(bimbin + sāra)] m. Nomen proprium eines Fürsten von Magadha und Zeitgenossen Śākyamuni’s [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 94.] [Burnouf 145. 340.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 299, 4.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde I, 709.] [Anhang XXXIII. II, 71.] [Hiouen-Thsang I, 414.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 466, Nalopākhyāna 12] (vimbisara). [Lebensbeschreibung Śākyamuni’s 235(5.) 252(22.)] An der ersten der zwei zuletzt genannten Stellen wird der Name auf bimbī, den Namen der Mutter dieses Fürsten, zurückgefuhrt. Varianten dieses Namens: vidhisāra, vi.misāra, vindusena, vindhyasena.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)