Athava, aka: Athavā, Atha-va; 6 Definition(s)


Athava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Athava in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

atha vā : (ind.) or.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Atha, (indecl.) (Sk. atha, cp. atho) copulative & adversative part. 1. after positive clauses, in enumerations, in the beginning & continuation of a story: and, and also, or; and then, now D. II, 2; III, 152, 199 (athâparaṃ etad avoca); M. I, 435; Sn. 1006, 1007, 1017; Sn. p. 126 (athâparaṃ etad avoca: and further, something else); Dh. 69, 119, 377; J. II, 158; Pv. II, 64; PvA. 3, 8 (atha na and not), 70.—2. after negative clauses: but M. I, 430; Sn. 990, 1047; Dh. 85, 136, 387; PvA. 68. Often combd. with other part. , e.g. atha kho (pos. & neg.) now, and then; but, rather, moreover Vin. I, 1; D. I, 141, 167, 174; A. V, 195; PvA. 79, 221, 251. na-atha kho na neither-nor PvA. 28. atha kho pana and yet D. I, 139. atha ca pana on the other hand J. I, 279. atha vā or (after prec. ca), nor (after prec. na) Sn. 134; Dh. 140, 271; Pv. I, 41; II, 14. athā vā pi Sn. 917, 921. (Page 25)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aṭhava (अठव).—m aṭhavagirī f (Vulgar. aṭhava & P) Remembrance or recollection; an abiding in or a returning into the mind. v Ex. a0 dēī sūryanandanā || Also maja a0 tēvhā dēūna ||

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aṭhavā (अठवा).—a (āṭha) Eighth.

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aṭhavā (अठवा).—m or aṭhavēṃ n A measure of capacity, half a śēra or ⅛ of a pāyalī.

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athavā (अथवा).—conj (S) Or. This disjunctive differs from kiṃvā. It disjoins things opposite or different, and not to be included under one predicate: kiṃvā distinguishes varieties. The two, however, are, in familiar speech, sometimes confounded.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭhava (अठव).—m Remembrance.

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aṭhavā (अठवा).—a Eighth.

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aṭhavā (अठवा).—m vēṃ n Half a śēra or ⅛ of a pāyalī.

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athavā (अथवा).—conj Or. This differs from kiṃvā. It disjoins things opposite or different, and not to be included under one predicate. kiṃvā distinguishes varieties. The two are often confounded.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Athavā (अथवा).—See under अथ (atha).

See also (synonyms): atho.

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Athavā (अथवा).—

1) or (used like the English disjunctive conjunction 'or' and occupying the same place); व्यवहारं परिज्ञाय वध्यः पूज्योऽथवा भवेत् (vyavahāraṃ parijñāya vadhyaḥ pūjyo'thavā bhavet) H.1.55; समस्तैरथवा पृथक् (samastairathavā pṛthak) Ms.7.198; अथवा-अथवा (athavā-athavā) either-or; वाथ (vātha) is often used in the same sense with वा (); कार्तिके वाथ चैत्रे वा (kārtike vātha caitre vā) Pt.3.38; साम्ना दानेन भेदेन समस्तैरथवा पृथक् । विजेतुं प्रयतेतारीन्न युद्धेन कदाचन (sāmnā dānena bhedena samastairathavā pṛthak | vijetuṃ prayatetārīnna yuddhena kadācana) || Ms.7.182; अथापि वा (athāpi vā) also used in the same sense; एतदेव व्रतं कुर्यु- श्चान्द्रायणमथापि वा (etadeva vrataṃ kuryu- ścāndrāyaṇamathāpi vā) 11.117;8.287.

2) or rather, or why, or perhaps, is it not so (correcting or modifying a previous statement); why should there be any thought or hesitation about it, or it is no wonder; अपि नाम कुलपतेरियमसवर्णक्षेत्रसंभवा स्यात् । अथवा कृतं सन्देहेन (api nāma kulapateriyamasavarṇakṣetrasaṃbhavā syāt | athavā kṛtaṃ sandehena) Ś.1.,1.16; गमिष्याम्युपहास्यताम् (gamiṣyāmyupahāsyatām)...अथवा कृतवाग्द्वारे वंशेऽस्मिन् (athavā kṛtavāgdvāre vaṃśe'smin) R.1.3-4; अथवा मृदु वस्तु हिंसितुम् (athavā mṛdu vastu hiṃsitum) R.8.45.; दीर्ये किं न सहस्रधाहमथवा रामेण किं दुष्करम् (dīrye kiṃ na sahasradhāhamathavā rāmeṇa kiṃ duṣkaram) U.6.4; अधोधो गङ्गेयं पदमुपगता स्तोकमथवा । विवेकभ्रष्टानां भवति विनिपातः शतमुखः (adhodho gaṅgeyaṃ padamupagatā stokamathavā | vivekabhraṣṭānāṃ bhavati vinipātaḥ śatamukhaḥ) Bh.2.1.

Athavā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms atha and (वा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Athavā (अथवा).—ind. Or. E. atha, and sometimes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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