Ashubha, Aśubha, Asubha, Aśubhā: 15 definitions

Introduction

Ashubha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśubha and Aśubhā can be transliterated into English as Asubha or Ashubha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsUnattractiveness, loathsomeness, foulness. The Buddha recommends contemplation of this aspect of the body as an antidote to lust and complacency.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

N (Displeasing). Displeasing thing. Repulsive and disgusting character of something.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'impurity', loathsomeness, foulness. -

In Vis.M. VI, it is the cemetery contemplations (sīvathika, q.v.) that are called 'meditation-subjects of impurity' (asubha-kammatthāna; s. bhāvanā).

In the Girimananda Sutta (A. X., 50), however, the perception of impurity (asubha-saññā) refers to the contemplation of the 32 parts of the body (s. kāya-gatā-sati).

The contemplation of the body's impurity is an antidote against the hindrance of sense-desire (s. nīvarana) and the mental perversion (vipallāsa, q.v.) which sees what is truly impure as pure and beautiful.

See S. XLVI, 51; A. V. 36, Dhp. 7, 8; Sn. 193ff. - The Five Mental Hindrances (WHEEL 26), pp. 5ff.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Aśubhā (अशुभा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Śubhacinta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vākcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vākcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Aśubhā] and Vīras are reddish madder in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Aśubha (अशुभ, “inauspicious”).—What is meant by inauspicious (aśubha)? Inauspicious is some event/activity/entity which results in demerit (pāpa).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Aśubha (अशुभ, “inauspicious”) refers to one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by inauspicious (aśubha) body-making karma? The rise of which causes a living being to have ugly and repugnant form not liked by others is called inauspicious body-making karmas. 

The opposite-pair of aśubha (inauspicious) is śubha (auspicious).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Ashubha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

asubha : (adj.) unpleasant; ugly. (nt.) a corpse.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Asubha, (adj.) (a + subha) impure, unpleasant, bad, ugly, nasty; nt. °ṃ nastiness, impurity. Cp. on term and the Asubha-meditation, as well as on the 10 asubhas or offensive objects Dhs. trsl. 70 and Cpd. 121 n. 6.—S. IV, 111 (asubhato manasikaroti); V, 320; Sn. 341; Sdhp. 368. —subhâsubha pleasant unpleasant, good & bad Sn. 633; J. III, 243; Miln. 136.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aśubha (अशुभ).—a (S) Inauspicious or unpropitious; of unfavorable aspect or indication or import--conjunctions, prodigies, actions, words, marks, signs.

--- OR ---

aśubha (अशुभ).—n (S) Inauspiciousness or unluckiness. 2 Elliptically for aśubhakārya q. v. infra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aśubha (अशुभ).—a Inauspicious. n Inauspiciousness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśubha (अशुभ).—a.

1) Inauspicious.

2) Impure, dirty, foul (opp. śubha); शुभेनाशुभेन वोपायेन (śubhenāśubhena vopāyena) K.158 by any means, fair or foul.

3) Unlucky, unfortunate.

-bham 1 Inauspiciousness.

2) sin, a shameful deed.

3) Misfortune, calamity; नाथे कुतस्त्वय्यशुभं प्रजानाम् (nāthe kutastvayyaśubhaṃ prajānām) R.5.13; प्रायः शुभं विदधा- त्यशुभं च जन्तोः (prāyaḥ śubhaṃ vidadhā- tyaśubhaṃ ca jantoḥ) Māl.1.23.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśubha (अशुभ).—n.

(-bhaṃ) 1. Sin. 2. Misfortune. mfn.

(-bhaḥ-bhā-bhaṃ) Unlucky. E. a priv. śubha good.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśubha (अशुभ).—[adjective] ugly (lit. not shining), unpleasant, inauspicious, bad, wicked, impure. [neuter] ill luck, woe, evil, sin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśubha (अशुभ):—[=a-śubha] mfn. not beautiful or agreeable, disagreeable

2) [v.s. ...] inauspicious, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

3) [v.s. ...] bad, vicious (as thought or speech), [Mahābhārata i, 3077 [sequens] etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a lexicographer

5) [v.s. ...] n. a shameful deed, sin, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ii; Bhagavad-gītā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] m. misfortune, harm, mischief, [Suśruta; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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