Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary)

by Vijay K. Jain | 2018 | 130,587 words | ISBN-10: 8193272625 | ISBN-13: 9788193272626

This page describes the nature of inauspicious physique-making karmas which is verse 6.22 of the English translation of the Tattvartha Sutra which represents the essentials of Jainism and Jain dharma and deals with the basics on Karma, Cosmology, Ethics, Celestial beings and Liberation. The Tattvarthasutra is authorative among both Digambara and Shvetambara. This is verse 22 of the chapter Influx of Karmas and includes an extensive commentary.

Verse 6.22 - The nature of Inauspicious Physique-making Karmas

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation of Tattvartha sūtra 6.22:

योगवक्रता विसंवादनं चाशुभस्य नाम्नः ॥ ६.२२ ॥

yogavakratā visaṃvādanaṃ cāśubhasya nāmnaḥ || 6.22 ||

Crooked-activity (yogavakratā) and deception (visaṃvādana) cause the influx of inauspicious (aśubha) physique-making (nāma) karmas. (22)

Hindi Anvayarth:

अन्वयार्थ: [योगवक्रता] योग में कुटिलता [विसंवादनं च] और विसंवादन अर्थात् अन्यथा प्रवर्तन [अशुभस्य नाम्नः] अशुभ नामकर्म के आस्रव का कारण हैं।

Anvayartha: [yogavakrata] yoga mem kutilata [visamvadanam ca] aura visamvadana arthat anyatha pravartana [ashubhasya namnah] ashubha namakarma ke asrava ka karana haim |

Explanation in English from Ācārya Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi:

The causes of the influx of physique-making (nāma) karmas have to be explained next. First, the influx of inauspicious (aśubha) physique-making (nāma) karmas is described.

Activity (yoga) has been explained as of three kinds. ‘Vakratā’ is crookedness, and hence crooked-activity (yogavakratā) is crookedness of activity. ‘Visaṃvādana’ is deceiving others. Now, the two do not appear to be different. Yes, these appear to be the same. But there is this difference. Crooked-activity (yogavakratā) applies to oneself but deception (visaṃvādana) refers to others, i.e., misleading others. For instance, one is engaged in conduct that leads to heavenly pleasures and liberation. He is asked by another to leave it and get engaged in other unwholesome practices. This is deception (visaṃvādana). These two kinds of activities cause the influx of inauspicious (aśubha) physique-making (nāma) karmas. By the term ‘ca’ in the sūtra, wrong belief, envy, fickleness of mind, use of wrong weights and measures to benefit oneself, censuring others, praising oneself, etc., are included.

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