Ashtottarashata, Ashtottara-shata, Aṣṭottaraśata: 4 definitions


Ashtottarashata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭottaraśata can be transliterated into English as Astottarasata or Ashtottarashata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Ashtottarashata in Pancaratra glossary
Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Aṣṭottaraśata (अष्टोत्तरशत) refers to “108” (e.g., the 108 names of Kṛṣṇa), as discussed in the first chapter [fourth book] of the Jñānāmṛtasārasaṃhita: a Pāñcarātra text representing a sectarian glorification of Kṛṣṇa and Rādha (i.e., the cult of Radha-Krishna) dated among the latest of the Saṃhitā-type works.—Description of the chapter [umāmaheśvarasaṃvāde dharaṇīśeṣasaṃvāde kṛṣṇāṣṭottaraśatanāmastotram]: Śiva here addresses Pārvatī, telling her what Śeṣa once told Earth regarding the repetition of the 108 names of Kṛṣṇa (kṛṣṇa-aṣṭottaraśata-nāman). This pious activity can be a means of attaining bhakti and mukti, and there are various other benefits that come from repeating these names as well (1-15, 37-45), The stotra-hymn itself has its own presiding deity, its ṛṣi, its meter, its viniyoga-use, etc. The 108 names are listed (16-36).

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashtottarashata in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Aṣṭottaraśata (अष्टोत्तरशत) refers to “108 (recitations)” (as part of an offering ritual), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as Agastya-Ṛṣi taught the offering manual] “O Bhagavān, having recited the Great Ṛṣi heart[-mantra] spell into a water-pot 108 times (aṣṭottaraśata) facing east, one should scatter [the water] in the four directions with Ṛṣi-silence. [...] One should recite thus seven times. Upon reciting this all hostile Nāgas become inflamed [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtottarashata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Aṣṭottaraśata (अष्टोत्तरशत) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—stotra. Oppert. Ii, 23.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtottarashata in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṣṭōttaraśata (ಅಷ್ಟೋತ್ತರಶತ):—[adjective] totalling one hundred eight.

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Aṣṭōttaraśata (ಅಷ್ಟೋತ್ತರಶತ):—[noun] the cardinal number one hundred eight.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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