Ashubhabhavana, Aśubhabhāvana, Ashubha-bhavana, Asubhabhāvanā: 3 definitions



Ashubhabhavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aśubhabhāvana can be transliterated into English as Asubhabhavana or Ashubhabhavana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Ashubhabhavana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Aśubhabhāvana (अशुभभावन) refers to “contemplation of the disgusting”, which is a good counteragent (kuśala pratipakṣadharma) in the sickness of attachment (rāgavyādhi); it is not good (kuśala) in the sickness of hatred (dveṣavyādhi) and is not a remedy (pratipakṣadharma). Why? Aśubhabhāvana is the contemplation of bodily defects (kāyadoṣaparīkṣā); if a hateful man contemplates the faults of his enemy, he increases the flame of his hatred.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashubhabhavana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aśubhabhāvanā (अशुभभावना).—f. pl. °nāḥ Mahāvyutpatti 1155; Bodhisattvabhūmi 98.18 (read aśubha-bhāvanā for ed. aśubhā-bh°); or aśubha- saṃjñā, Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 27a.2 (= Pali asubha-bhāvanā or -saññā), see saṃjñā, contemplation of offensive things, specifically of human corpses in various states of disintegration; there are nine (in Pali, Vism. i.110.29—31 ten) such monkish disciplines, elsewhere called simply nava saṃjñāh, the nine concepts (of offensive things), Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 59.1; 1258.5; a less schematized passage of the same sort in older Pali, Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.58.9 ff. In Mahāvyutpatti 1156—64 they are listed, each [compound] with -saṃjñā: (1) vinīlaka-, (2) vipūyaka- (so read), (3) vipaḍumaka-, (4) vyādhmātaka-, (5) vilohitaka-, (6) vikhāditaka-, (7) vikṣiptaka-, (8) vidagdhaka-, (9) asthi-saṃjñā (see each of these). Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 27a.2—3 agrees except that it transposes Nos. 5 and 6 and accidentally omits 8 (which perhaps should be put after 9; only Mahāvyutpatti has it before 9). There are three lists (one incomplete, [Page080-b+ 71] one very corrupt) in Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 59.1 ff., 1258.5 ff., 1431.19 ff. (six items only; cited from the last, with only four items one of which is not in this Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā list, in Śikṣāsamuccaya 211.1). Barring corruptions, the Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā lists agree with Mahāvyutpatti and Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā ex- cept in order of the terms, in which they show some (slight) resemblance to the Pali (Vism.) arrangement. Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 1 (Śikṣāsamuccaya 1) = Vism 1 = Mahāvyutpatti 4; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^3 (= 1431.19 ff.) 2 = Śikṣāsamuccaya 2 = Vism 2 = Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 (= 59.1 ff.) and^2 (= 1258.5 ff.) 5 = Mahāvyutpatti 1; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā and Śikṣāsamuccaya 3 = Vism 3 = Mahāvyutpatti 2; Śikṣāsamuccaya 4 (not in Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^3) = Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and ^2 2 = Vism 9 = Mahāvyutpatti 3; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and^2 4 = Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^3 5 = Vism 8 = Mahāvyutpatti 5 (Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 6); Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and^2 6 = Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^3 4 = Vism 5 = Mahāvyutpatti 6 (Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 5); Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and^2, Mahāvyutpatti 7 = Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^3, Vism 6; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and^2 8 = Vism 10 = Mahāvyutpatti 9; Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā^1 and ^2 9 = Mahāvyutpatti 8 (omitted in Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā; Vism 4 has a different term, vicchiddaka, fissured Pe Maung Tin; Vism 7 hata-vikkhittaka is variation on Vism 7 vikkhittaka = Mahāvyutpatti 7). On the meanings, as well as the variants and cor- ruptions, see the terms as listed above from Mahāvyutpatti.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashubhabhavana in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Asubhabhāvanā refers to: contemplation of the impurity (of the body) Vin. III, 68.

Note: asubhabhāvanā is a Pali compound consisting of the words asubha and bhāvanā.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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