Arana, aka: Āraṇa, Araṇa; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Arana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

It means a place of stillness, which is to practice pure conduct and to cultivate without the attachment of self and the Four Marks.Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Āraṇa (आरण) refers to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). This kalpa is also known as Āraṇakalpa. In this specific kalpa, instead of bodily coition, a more and more refined sort of sexual satisfaction takes its place. The associated leśyā is white. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Āraṇa-kalpa is a bull (prakrit: vasaha, sanskrit: vāha, varāha or vaṃsaga). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Āraṇa (आरण) refers to one of the sixteen heavens (kalpa) hosting the sixteen classes of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. The living beings residing in the vimānas are called the empyrean gods (vaimānika) and represents one of the four classes of Devas.

What is the number of layers in Āraṇa and Acyuta heaven pairs? There are three layers there. Which thought-colourations are there in Ānata-Prāṇata and Āraṇa-Acyuta gods? They have white thought colouration. What is the maximum lifespan of deities in Āraṇa-Acyuta kalpas? It is twenty two ocean-measured-periods (sāgara) for both.

 

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Arana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

araṇa : (adj.) peaceful; passionless.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Araṇa, 2 (nt.) (a + raṇa) quietude, peace Nett 55 (+ tāṇa), 176 (or as adj. = peaceful) ThA. 134 (+ saraṇa); Vbh. 19 sq. (opp. saraṇa). See saraṇa2.

—vihārin (or araṇā-vihārin) (to be most likely taken as araṇā°, Abl. of araṇa in function of ārakā, i.e. adv. far from, away; the spelling araṇa would refer it to araṇa2. As regards meaning the P. Commentators expln. it as opp. of raṇa fight, battle, i.e. peacefullness, friendliness & see in it a syn. of metta. Thus Dhammapāla at PvA. 230 expls. it as “mettā-vihārin”, & in this meaning it is found freq. in BSk. e.g. Divy 401; Av. Ś II. 131 (q. v. for further ref. under note 3); M Vastu I. 165; II, 292. Cp. also the epithet of the Buddhas raṇañjaha) one who lives in seclusion, an anchoret, hermit; hence a harmless, peaceful person A. I, 24; Th. 2, 358, 360; Pv IV. 133 (= PvA. 230); ThA. 244. Cp. Dhs. trsl. 336. (Page 76)

2) Araṇa, 1 (adj. -n.) (Vedic araṇa fr. *ara √, which as Abl. ārā is used as adv. far from, cp. P. ārakā. Orig. meaning “removed from, remote, far”. See also arañña). (adj.) living in solitude, far from the madding crowd M. III, 237 (°vibhaṅga-sutta); S. I, 44, 45; J. I, 340 (tittha°?). (Page 76)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Araṇa (अरण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Ved.

1) Departed, gone away; belonging to others, strange, unusual, foreign; distant, remote (opp. sva, nitya or amā); (Sāy. grieved, sorry duḥkhita, aramamāṇa); inimical, hostile, (with whom one is not on speaking terms).

2) Not fighting.

-ṇam 1 Moving, going.

2) Entering into, being inserted.

3) A refuge; विभेति यस्मादरणं ततो नः (vibheti yasmādaraṇaṃ tato naḥ) Bhāg.6.9.21.

--- OR ---

Āraṇa (आरण).—Ved.

1) Depth, abyss.

2) A precipice; याभिरन्तकं जसमानमारणे (yābhirantakaṃ jasamānamāraṇe) Rv.1.112.6.

-jāḥ Name of a class of Jaina deities.

Derivable forms: āraṇam (आरणम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Āraṇakalpa (आरणकल्प) is synonymous for Āraṇa, referring to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited b...
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Acyuta
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Kalpa (कल्प) in a precise sense means a vast cosmic period but this seems to have been a later ...
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Vaimanika
Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—A holy place. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 25,...
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Santara
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Upapada
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Viharin
Vihārin (विहारिन्).—a.1) Diverting or amusing oneself by; मृगयाविहारिणः (mṛgayāvihāriṇaḥ) Ś.1; ...

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