Arambha, Ārambha, Ārambhā: 25 definitions
Arambha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Arambh.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Ārambha (आरम्भ, “banning”) refers to one of the nine preliminaries performed behind the stage curtain, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 5. Accordingly, “The commencement of vocal exercise for singing (parigīta) is called the ārambha (lit. banning).”
Performing the ārambha preliminary pleases the Gandharvas. According to Nāṭyaśāstra 5.57-58, “The performance of the Preliminaries which means worshipping (pūjā) the gods (devas), is praised by them (i.e. gods) and is conducive to duty, fame and long life. And this performance whether with or without songs, is meant for pleasing the Daityas and the Dānavas as well as the gods.”
2) Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to a classification of bahirgīta (“instrumental music”), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 29. Accordingly, “these are called bahir-gītas because they were outside (bahis) the performance of the play and were included in its preliminaries”.
Accordingly, “the constituting syllables in the ārambha are as follows: the first eight heavy, the next twelve and the final one light in the first section, and the four heavy, eight light, one heavy, four light, four heavy in the second section, eight light and the final (light) will form the next section”.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Ārambha (आरम्भ).—One of the five stages of action (avasthā);—That part of the play (lit. composition) which merely creates a curiosity about the Attainment of the great Object with reference to the Seed (bīja), is called the Beginning (ārambha).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Ārambha (आरम्भ), “the beginning”, is explained as the determination to perform a certain sacrifice (“darśapūrṇamāsābhyāyṃ yakṣya iti niścayapuraḥsaraḥ saṅkalpaḥ”). The object of the undertaking in the case of the Darśa-pūrṇamāsa sacrifice, as the Prakṛti, is simply svarga, in the Vikṛtis it may be any kind of desire.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Kavyashastra (science of poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to one of the five stages of the development of the plot of an epic poem (i.e., Kāryāvasthā).
Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to the “(yoga of the) beginning”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, while describing the signs of one who is a Siddha: “[...] The most excellent characteristic of a Siddha is that he does not fear living beings (sattva). He observes the five-fold Yoga of the beginning [i.e., ārambha], continuity and fulfilment, the innate and the one born from universal being; he sees the omnipresent universe”.
2) Ārambhā (आरम्भा) refers to one of the thirty-two Bhairavīs (also Dūtis) embodying the syllables of the goddess’s Vidyā, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—The thirty-two Bhairavīs [i.e., Ārambhā] are the consorts of the Bhairavas presiding over the sonic energies of the thirty-two syllables of her Vidyā.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā
Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to “undertakings”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Through these ten immeasurables (apramāṇa), son of good family, the Bodhisattva completes the accumulations of merit (puṇya-saṃbhāra). [...] Through those ten immeasurables, son of good family, the Bodhisattva accumulates the collection of merit. Furthermore, son of good family, when the thought of the Bodhisattva becomes like open space, all his undertakings (sarva-ārambha) are infinitely established everywhere since open space is infinite, and thus it is called merit like open space”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
1) Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to “commencement of activities” and it is one of the factors making up the 108 kinds of adhikaraṇa (‘substratum’) of the living beings (jīva). This substratum (instruments of inflow) represents the foundation or the basis of an entity.
Ārambha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.
2) Ārambha (आरम्भ) refers to “excessive infliction of misery” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of infernal life (narakāyu) karmas.
Ārambha is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
1) Ārambha (आरम्भ).—What is meant by commencement (ārambha) of activities? To start performing the activity intended is called commencement of activity.
2) Ārambha (आरम्भ).—One of the two types of narakāyu (infernal life karmas);—What is meant by ārambha? Activity which causes excessive misery and suffering to other living beings is called ārambha.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ārambha : (m.) 1. the beginning; 2. attempt.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ārambha, (Sk. ārambha in meaning “beginning”, fr ā + rabh (rambh) cp. ārabhati) — 1. attempt, effort, inception of energy (cp. Dhs. trsl. 15 & K. S. p. 318 giving C. def. as kicca, karaṇīya, attha, i.e. 1. undertaking & duty, 2. object) S. I, 76 (mah°); V, 66, 104 sq. (°dhātu); III, 338 (id.), 166 (°ja; T. arabbhaja, v. l. ārambhaja to be preferred) = Pug. 64; Miln. 244; Net 41; DhsA. 145. —viriyārambha (cp. āraddha-viriya) zeal, resolution, energy Vin. II, 197; S. IV, 175; A. I, 12, 16.—2. support, ground, object, thing Nett 70 sq. , 107; an° unsupported, independent Sn. 743 (= nibbāna SnA 507). Cp. also nirambha, upārambha, sārambha. (Page 107)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ārambha (आरंभ).—m (S) Beginning, commencement; the entering into act or being, or the initial state or portion.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
ārambha (आरंभ).—m Beginning, commencement.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ārambha (आरम्भ).—[ā-rabh-ghañ mum]
1) Beginning, commencement; °उपायः (upāyaḥ) plan of commencement; नृत्तारम्भे हर पशुपते- रार्द्रनागाजिनेच्छाम् (nṛttārambhe hara paśupate- rārdranāgājinecchām) Me.38.
2) An introduction.
3) (a) An act, undertaking, deed, work; आगमैः सदृशारम्भः (āgamaiḥ sadṛśārambhaḥ) R.1.15; Ku.7.71; V.3; Bh.2.69; R.7.31; Bg.12.16. cf. also आरम्भस्य शब्दपूर्वत्वात् (ārambhasya śabdapūrvatvāt) | MS.11.1.1 (śabara writes ārambho vyāpāraḥ kriyetyanarthāntaram |). (b) Preparation; U.4. (c) A thing begun; U.4.
4) Haste, speed, velocity; चण्डारम्भः समीरः (caṇḍārambhaḥ samīraḥ) Ve.2.19.
5) Effort, exertion; Bg.14.12.
6) Scene, action; चित्रार्पितारम्भ इवावतस्थे (citrārpitārambha ivāvatasthe) R.2.31.
8) Killing, slaughter.
9) The first act that is done.
1) The first movement or activity on the part of man; आरम्भो हि प्रथमः पदार्थः स्यात् । प्रथमं वा पुरुषस्य प्रवर्तनम् (ārambho hi prathamaḥ padārthaḥ syāt | prathamaṃ vā puruṣasya pravartanam) | (= prathamapravartana- mārambhaḥ audāsīnyād vyāvṛttiḥ puruṣasya vyāpṛtatā) ŚB. on MS. 1.14.
Derivable forms: ārambhaḥ (आरम्भः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Ārambha (आरम्भ).—(Sanskrit Lex., see [Boehtlingk] 5 App., which follows Zachariae in calling this an error for ālambha, but Pali and [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] support it; = Pali id., in mahārambha, = our word, SN i.76.21; not recorded in [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary], except in nir-ā°, or Childers), (sacrificial) slaughter (of animals), substan- tially = yajña: Bodhisattvabhūmi 118.2 (kṣudrayajñeṣu ca) manāram- bheṣu ca yeṣu bahavaḥ prāṇinaḥ…jīvitād vyaparo- pyante. Cf. also anārabdha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-mbhaḥ) 1. A beginning, a thing begun. 2. Haste, speed. 3. Effort, exertion. 4. Pride. 5. Killing, slaughter. 6. An introduction, a prologue, &c. E. āṅ before rabhi to commence, ghañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ārambha (आरम्भ).—i. e. ā-rabh + a, m. 1. A beginning, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 37. 2. Exertion, effort, [Daśakumāracarita] in
Ārambha (आरम्भ).—[masculine] undertaking, beginning, [abstract] tā† [feminine]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ārambha (आरम्भ):—[=ā-rambha] [from ā-rabh] m. undertaking, beginning, [Manu-smṛti; Pañcatantra; Meghadūta] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] a thing begun
3) [v.s. ...] beginning, origin, commencement, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Meghadūta] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) the commencement of the action which awakens an interest in the progress of the principal plot, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa 324 and 325]
5) [v.s. ...] haste, speed
6) [v.s. ...] effort, exertion
7) [v.s. ...] pride
8) [v.s. ...] killing, slaughter (erroneous for ālambha See Zachariae, Beiträge, p.20, l. 9), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ārambha (आरम्भ):—[ā-rambha] (mbhaḥ) 1. m. A beginning; effort; haste; pride; killing.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Ārambha (आरम्भ) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āraṃbha.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Āraṃbha (आरंभ) [Also spelled arambh]:—(nm) start, beginning; outset; commencement; inception.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
1) Āraṃbha (आरंभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Ārabh.
2) Āraṃbha (आरंभ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ārambha.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a starting or beginning; a getting into action or motion; commencement; a start.
2) [noun] occupation, profession, business, trade, craft, etc.; a work.
3) [noun] the profession of a cultivator; agriculture.
4) [noun] (Jain.) an act, work or business that results in committing harm to the living beings.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+10): Arambhabhashana, Arambhabhavyatva, Arambhaga, Arambhagara, Arambhagarike, Arambhaka, Arambhakara, Arambhamgey, Arambhana, Arambhanavant, Arambhanavat, Arambhanem, Arambhanivritta, Arambhaniya, Arambharuchi, Arambharuci, Arambharucita, Arambhasamarthya, Arambhashura, Arambhashuratana.
Ends with (+63): Abhyarambha, Acintitarambha, Akshararambha, Alparambha, Anarambha, Anvarambha, Appasamarambha, Aprativiryarambha, Balikarambha, Brahmarambha, Campakarambha, Caturmasarambha, Champakarambha, Chitrarambha, Citrarambha, Citrarpitarambha, Darparambha, Dasharathayajnarambha, Dinarambha, Dvarakarambha.
Full-text (+64): Anarambha, Nirarambha, Arambhata, Citrarambha, Maharambha, Dinarambha, Katharambha, Samarambha, Anvarambha, Sa-kshina-arambha, Arambhaka, Arabh, Arambh, Mularambha, Arambhin, Darparambha, Yatharambham, Karmmarambha, Samarambhin, Citrarpitarambha.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Arambha, Ārambha, Ārambhā, Āraṃbha; (plurals include: Arambhas, Ārambhas, Ārambhās, Āraṃbhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 6.15 - The nature of Life-Karmas (leading to birth in the infernal regions) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Verse 6.17 - The nature of Life-Karmas (leading to birth as a human being) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Verse 6.8 - The living-substratum (jīva-adhikaraṇa) < [Chapter 6 - Influx of Karmas]
Dasarupaka (critical study) (by Anuru Ranjan Mishra)
Part 11 - The five stages of action (avasthā) < [Chapter 1 - Nāṭaka (critical study)]
Part 10 - Application of the Junctures (sandhi) in a Bhāṇa < [Chapter 2 - Bhāṇa (critical study)]
Part 10 - Application of the Junctures (sandhi) in a Prahasana < [Chapter 3 - Prahasana (critical study)]
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.1.104 < [Chapter 1 - Summary of Lord Gaura’s Pastimes]
Verse 2.7.71 < [Chapter 7 - The Meeting of Gadādhara and Puṇḍarīka]
Verse 2.1.9 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 12.16 < [Chapter 12 - Bhakti-yoga (Yoga through Pure Devotional Service)]
Verses 14.22-25 < [Chapter 14 - Guṇa-traya-vibhāga-yoga]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)