Arani, Āraṇi, Araṇi, Araṇī, Āraṇī: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Arani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Āraṇi (आरणि) is another name (synonym) for stambha, a Sanskrit technical term referring to “pillar”. These synonyms are defined in texts such as Mayamata (verse 15.2), Mānasāra (verse 15.2-3), Kāśyapaśilpa (verse 8.2) and Īśānaśivagurudevapaddati (Kriya, verses 31.19-20).

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Araṇī (अरणी) refers to the “sacrificial churning twig from which fire is kindled”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14.—Accordingly, “[...] the sacrificial fire shall be maintained either in the Ātman or in the Araṇī (the sacrificial churning twig from which fire is kindled) lest the fire should be extinguished by royal or divine intercession. O brahmins, the offering in the fire in the evening for the fire-god is the bestower of prosperity. The offering in the morning for the sun-god is conducive to longevity”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Araṇi (अरणि).—A piece of sacred wood to produce fire for sacrifice.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 27. 23; IV. 16. 11.

1b) The wife of Dvaipāyana and mother of Śuka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 72; 10. 79-80; Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 84; 91. 43.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Portrayal of Animal Kingdom (Tiryaks) in Epics An Analytical study

Āraṇī (आरणी) (lit. “one who makes sound like an anklet”) is a synonym (another name) for the Kukkuṭa, according to scientific texts such as the Mṛgapakṣiśāstra (Mriga-pakshi-shastra) or “the ancient Indian science of animals and birds” by Hamsadeva, containing the varieties and descriptions of the animals and birds seen in the Sanskrit Epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Araṇī (अरणी) (cf. Agnimanthana) refers to the “kindling sticks”.—[There is] an ancient association between the ‘churning’ that takes place in sexual union and the churning that generates fire. [...] The Ṛgveda compares mathana—‘the kindling of fire by friction’ to procreation: Agni is hidden in the kindling sticks (araṇī) as the seed (garbha) is well kept inside pregnant women (garbhin). The Veda declares: “Put it down supinely stretched, you attentive (priest). When impregnated she gave birth to the male (Agni)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Arani (Hinduism), it is a hindi word (अरणी)that direct means to churning stick, the pair of stick that can generate fire when we rub it

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Araṇi literally means “that which is turned round”. The fire in which Vedic sacrifices are performed, should be generated by attrition. The two pieces of wood is used for this purpose are called ‘araṇis.’

  • Adharāraṇi’—The lower piece is rectangular in shape and has an indentation called ‘devayoni,’ the origin of the god of fire. It should be of the aśvattha (Ficus religiosa) which is softer, the size being 16 aṅgulas long, 12 aṅgulas wide and 4 aṅgulas in height.
  • Uttarāraṇi’—The upper piece is in the form of a drill, which is inserted into the indentation of the adharāraṇi. It should be made from the wood of the śamī tree (Prosopis specigera) which is hard.

Fire is generated by vigorous churning while chanting of appropriate ṛks. The lower araṇi is sometimes figuratively called the ‘mother,’ the upper araṇi the father and agni the fire, as the offspring.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Araṇī (अरणी) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Araṇi forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Araṇī] and Vīras are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

araṇi : (f.) a piece of wood for kindling fire by friction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Araṇi, & °ī (f.) (Vedic araṇī & araṇi fr. ) wood for kindling fire by attrition, only in foll. cpds. : °potaka small firewood, all that is needed for producing fire, chiefly drill sticks Miln. 53; °sahita (nt.) same Vin. II, 217; J. I, 212 (ī); V, 46 (ī); DhA. II, 246; °mathana rubbing of firewood J. VI, 209.—Note. The reading at PvA. 211 araṇiyehi devehi sadisa-vaṇṇa is surely a misreading (v. l. BB ariyehi). (Page 76)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

araṇi (अरणि).—m (S) A tree of which the wood is used for kindling (exciting by attrition) the sacrificial fire Premna spinosa. Applied also to the tree aśrvattha of which the wood is so used.

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araṇī (अरणी).—f A short platform of masonry along a field or piece of ground, built as a landmark.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Araṇi (अरणि) or Araṇī (अरणी).—m., f.

-ṇī f. [ṛ-ani Uṇ.2.11; araṇiḥ agneryoniḥ] A piece of wood (of the Śamī tree) used for kindling the sacred fire by attrition, the fireproducing wooden stick; प्रयच्छन्ति फलं भूमिररणीव हुताशनम् (prayacchanti phalaṃ bhūmiraraṇīva hutāśanam) Pt.1.216.

-ṇī (dual) The two pieces of wood used in kindling the sacred fire. धरण्योर्निहितो जातवेदाः (dharaṇyornihito jātavedāḥ) Kaṭha. 4.8.

-ṇiḥ 1 The sun.

2) fire.

3) Flint.

4) Name of several fire-producing plants, particularly अग्निमन्थ (agnimantha).

-ṇiḥ f.

1) A path, way.

2) Ved. Stinginess.

3) Discomfort; निररर्णि सविता साविषक् (nirararṇi savitā sāviṣak) Av.1.18.2.

Derivable forms: araṇiḥ (अरणिः).

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Āraṇi (आरणि).—[ā-ṛ-ani] An eddy, whirlpool.

Derivable forms: āraṇiḥ (आरणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Araṇi (अरणि).—mf. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) Wood used for kindling a fire, exciting it by attrition. m.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. The plant of which especially the wood is used for this purpose. (Premna spoinosa, &c.) See gaṇikārikā. 2. A flint. 3. The sun. E. to go, and ani Unadi aff.

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Āraṇi (आरणि).—m.

(-ṇiḥ) An eddy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Araṇi (अरणि).—araṇī, f. Wood used for kindling a fire by attrition, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 247; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 104, 24.

Araṇi can also be spelled as Araṇī (अरणी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Araṇi (अरणि).—[feminine] [adjective] piece of wood used for producing fire by attrition.

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Araṇī (अरणी).—[feminine] [adjective] piece of wood used for producing fire by attrition.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Araṇī (अरणी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—vedanta (?). NW. 320.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Araṇi (अरणि):—[from araṇa] 1. araṇi f. ‘being fitted into’ or ‘turning round’, the piece of wood (taken from the Ficus Religiosa or Premna Spinosa) used for kindling fire by attrition, [Ṛg-veda] etc. (generally distinction is made between the lower one and the upper one, adharāraṇi and uttarāraṇi, the former may also be meant by araṇi alone without adhara)

2) [v.s. ...] (figuratively) a mother, [Harivaṃśa] (cf. pāṇḍavāraṇi and surāraṇi)

3) [v.s. ...] m. the plant Premna Spinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Araṇī (अरणी):—[from araṇi > araṇa] a [dual number] f. the two Araṇis (used for kindling the fire), [Ṛg-veda etc.]

6) [from araṇa] b f. = araṇi1 [Ṛg-veda v, 9, 3, etc.]

7) Araṇi (अरणि):—[=a-raṇi] 2. a-raṇi f. discomfort, pain, [Atharva-veda i, 18, 2.]

8) [from a-raṇi] [according to] to some, ‘uncouthness’ [Sāyaṇa] reads araṇīm, [Atharva-veda i, 18, 2].

9) Arāṇi (अराणि):—or arāli m. Name of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Mahābhārata xiii, 257.]

10) Āraṇi (आरणि):—m. an eddy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Araṇi (अरणि):—[ara-ṇi] (ṇiḥ-ṇī) 2. m. 3. f. Wood used for kindling a fire.

2) Āraṇi (आरणि):—(ṇiḥ) 2. m. An eddy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Araṇi (अरणि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Araṇi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Araṇi (अरणि) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Araṇi.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Araṇi (ಅರಣಿ):—[noun] the seed-producing structure of an angiosperm, with the leaf-like sepals, colourful petals, and pollen-bearing stamens unfolding around the pistils; a flower.

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Araṇi (ಅರಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a piece of wood (of Śami = Ficus religiosa) used for kindling the sacred fire for a sacrifice by attrition; the fire-producing wooden stick.

2) [noun] the tree Ficus religiosa of Moraceae family, itself; peepul tree.

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Āraṇi (ಆರಣಿ):—[noun] = ಆರಣ [arana]1 - 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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