Apadesha, Apadesa, Apadeśa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Apadesha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Apadeśa can be transliterated into English as Apadesa or Apadesha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Apadeśa (अपदेश) refers to “quotation” and is the name of a yukti, or ‘technical division’, according to which the contents of the Arthaśāstra by Cāṇakya are grouped. Cāṇakya (4th-century BCE), aka Kauṭilya, was the chief minister of Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the famous Maurya Empire.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Apadeśa (अपदेश, “statement”) refers to “indirect communication” and is one of the twelve froms of verbal representation (vācika), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These verbal representations are to be expressed using the various representations of the body (śārira). Vācika forms a part of abhinaya (techniques of representation) which is used in communicating the meaning of the drama (nāṭya) and calling forth the sentiment (rasa).

According to the Nāṭyaśāastra, “saying anything on behalf of another person is an example of indirect communication (apadeśa).”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Apadeśa (अपदेश):—[apadeśaḥ] Statements which point out the difinite cause for an effect and that such a cause as indispensable

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Apadesha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

apadesa : (m.) reason; statement.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Apadesa, (cp. Sk. apadeśa) 1. reason, cause, argument M.I, 287 (an°). — 2. statement, designation PvA.8. — 3. pretext J.III, 60; IV, 13; PvA.154. Thus also apadesaka J.VI, 179. (Page 51)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

apadēśa (अपदेश).—m S A feint or pretence; an artifice or a contrivance. 2 Disguise or guise; concealment through dress or external show.

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āpadēśa (आपदेश).—m (Occurring in ballads &c.) One's native country.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

āpadēśa (आपदेश).—m (Found in baliads &c.) One's native country.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश).—1 Statement, adducing (upadeśa); pointing out, mentioning the name of; अपदेशो मे जनकान्नोत्पत्ति- र्वसुधातलात् (apadeśo me janakānnotpatti- rvasudhātalāt) Rām.6.116.16. नैष न्यायो यद्दातुरपदेशः (naiṣa nyāyo yaddāturapadeśaḥ) Dk.6; हेत्वपदेशात् प्रतिज्ञायाः पुनर्वचनं निगमनम् (hetvapadeśāt pratijñāyāḥ punarvacanaṃ nigamanam) Nyāya S.; दीक्षाया अप- देशात् (dīkṣāyā apa- deśāt) Kāty.

2) (a) A pretext, pretence, plea, excuse; contrivance; अवेक्ष्यमाणा शनकैर्जगाम कृत्वाग्निहोत्रस्य तदापदेशम् (avekṣyamāṇā śanakairjagāma kṛtvāgnihotrasya tadāpadeśam) Mb.3.111.18 केनापदेशेन पुनराश्रमं गच्छामः (kenāpadeśena punarāśramaṃ gacchāmaḥ) Ś.2; रक्षापदेशा- न्मुनिहोमधेनोः (rakṣāpadeśā- nmunihomadhenoḥ) R.2.8; व्रतापदेशोज्झितगर्ववृत्तिना (vratāpadeśojjhitagarvavṛttinā) V.3.12. (b) Guise, disguise, form; विकटदुष्टश्वापदापदेशकालगोचरं गता (vikaṭaduṣṭaśvāpadāpadeśakālagocaraṃ gatā) Māl.7; मन्त्रिपदापदेशं यौवराज्यम् (mantripadāpadeśaṃ yauvarājyam) Dk.11.

3) Statement of the reason, adducing a cause, the second (hetu) of the five members of an Indian syllogism (according to the Vaiśeṣikas).

4) A butt, mark (lakṣya).

5) A place, quarter.

6) Refusal, rejection.

7) Fame, reputation.

8) Deceit.

9) (apakṛṣṭo deśaḥ) A bad or wrong place.

1) Danger or peril. cf. अपदेशः पदे लक्ष्ये स्यात् प्रसिद्धनिमित्तयोः । औदार्यशौर्यधैर्येषु निःसीमव्यपदेशयोः (apadeśaḥ pade lakṣye syāt prasiddhanimittayoḥ | audāryaśauryadhairyeṣu niḥsīmavyapadeśayoḥ) | Nm.

Derivable forms: apadeśaḥ (अपदेशः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश).—m. (= Pali °sa; hardly Sanskrit in this sense), expression: Mahāvyutpatti 7619 kāpa°, 7620 yāpa°, the interrogative (relative) pronoun (-expression); Bodhisattvabhūmi 403.7, 9 bodhisattvā- padeśaḥ, the expression Bodhisattva. See also kālāpadeśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. Evasion, prevarication. 2. Disguise by dress, &c. 3. Place, quarter. 4. A butt or mark. 5. Cause. 6. Fame, reputation. 7. A contrivance, a pretence, a pretext. E. apa ill, badly, &c. and diśa to shew. with ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश).—i. e. apa-diś + a, m. 1. Stating, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 204, 14. 2. Denunciation, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 193, 13. 3. Pretext, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 198. apadeśais, Artfully, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 182.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश).—[masculine] statement, designation, name, pretence, pretext, excuse, evasion, refusal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Apadeśa (अपदेश):—[=apa-deśa] [from apa-diś] m. assigning, pointing out, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] pretence, feint, pretext, disguise, contrivance

3) [v.s. ...] the second step in a syllogism (id est. statement of the reason)

4) [v.s. ...] a butt or mark, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] place, quarter, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-śaḥ) 1) Stating, adducing, as a reason &c.; e. g. in the Nyāya S. hetvapadeśātpratijñāyāḥ punarvacanaṃ nigamanam (comm. apadeśaḥ kathanam); or notpattikāraṇānapadeśāt (comm. anapadeśādakathanāt).

2) An argument, a reason; e. g. in the Nyāya S. upalabhyamāne cānupalabdherasattvādanapadeśaḥ (comm. heturanapadeśo’sādhakaḥ); or in the Kaṇāda Sūtras: arthāntaraṃ hyarthāntarasyānapadeśaḥ; or aprasiddhonapadeśo’saṃdigdho vānapadeśaḥ ...—In the terminology of the Vaiśeshika philosophy apadeśa is the second of the five parts of a syllogism; the same as the hetu of the Nyāya; compare the instance s. v. anusandhāna.—Suśruta defines and exemplifies it thus: anena kāraṇenetyapadeśaḥ . yathāpadiśyate madhureṇa śleṣmābhivardhata iti ...

3) A pretence, a pretext, a feint (this is the more usual meaning in which the word occurs).

4) Disguise; also metaphorically; e. g. vikārāpadeśopadeśātsaṃśayaḥ (where the vikāra refers to the change of vowels into semivowels).

5) A butt, a mark; e. g. labdhasāpadeśaḥ.

6) Name, reputation; e. g. yaṃ svapadeśaṃ kamitaḥ svajanoyaṃ prāpya janapadeśaṃ &c. (comm. apadeśo nāma . tādṛśaṃ śobhanākhyaṃ yaṃ &c.).

7) Place, quarter; e. g. tyaktāpadeśo yatiḥ. (For beginners it is useful to notice that words like rājaputrāpadeśin are not to be analyzed into rājaputra and apadeśin, but into rājaputra-apadeśa, when the whole compound receives the taddh. aff. ini.) E. diś with apa, kṛt aff. ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Apadeśa (अपदेश):—[apa-deśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Disguise by dress, evasion; pretext.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Apadeśa (अपदेश):—(von diś mit apa) m.

1) Abweisung, Zurückweisung: hetvapadeśe [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 4.] dīkṣāsu cāpadeśān [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 22, 1, 14.] —

2) Vorwand, Schein (vyāja) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 7.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 33.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 309.] [Medinīkoṣa śeṣa (s. II.). 30.] gacchanti smāpadeśena (unter jenem Vorwande, [SCHLEGEL] : occultis tramitibus) bhītāstasya pituḥ striyaḥ .. [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 9, 41]; vgl. 40. kenāpadeśena unter welchem Vorwande [Śākuntala 27, 2.] dharmasyāpadeśena [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 198.] snānāpadeśena unter dem Vorwande des Bades [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 67.] devapūjāpadeśena [13, 15.] rakṣāpadeśāt [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 8.] kāryāpadeśāt [Kathāsaritsāgara 22, 220.] vratāpadeśa [Vikramorvaśī 53.] ahorātrāpadeśena gatāḥ saṃvatsarā daśa es sind 10 Jahre dahin gegangen als wenn es blosse Tage gewesen wären [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 13, 12.] pl.: apadeśaiḥ unter gewissen Vorwänden [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 182.] śauryakarmāpadeśaiḥ [9, 268.] Vgl. upadeśa . —

3) Nachweisung, Grund (nimitta, kāraṇa) [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] so heisst das 2te Glied im fünfgliedrigen Syllogismus [Colebrooke I, 292.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft VII, 307, Nalopākhyāna 3.] —

4) Ziel (lakṣya, das aber auch = vyāja ist) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 218.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 309.] [Medinīkoṣa śeṣa (s. II.). 30.] —

5) Ort (pada, das aber auch = vyāja ist) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 218.]

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Apadeśa (अपदेश):—das Anzeigen, Angeben, Nennen [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 193, 13.] Unterweisung [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 22, 1, 14.] —

1) [Z. 2 lies] cāpadeśāt . —

2) sāpadeśam adv. verstellter Weise [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 190, 16.] —

6) = vyapadeśa Bezeichnung, Benennung [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 28, 19.] [Vedāntasāra] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 204, 14] fehlerhaft für vyapadeśa .

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Apadeśa (अपदेश):—

1) hetvapadeśa [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 4] bedeutet Angabe des Grundes.

2) praharāpadeśāt [Spr. (II) 3721.] —

3) [KAṆ. 9, 2, 4.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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