Aga, Āga: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Aga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aag.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Aga (अग) is synonymous with Mountain (śaila) and is mentioned in a list of 24 such synonyms according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains [viz., Aga], jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

2) Aga (अग) also refers to a “tree”, as mentioned in a list of twenty-five synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aga.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘seven’. (SII 3), earth or land. Note: aga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āga : (m.) mountain; tree.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aga (अग).—ind (aṅga S) A familiar vocative particle in addressing a female.

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agā (अगा).—f m ( P Known, acquainted.) Expectation or thought regarding; consideration of as likely to happen. It refers esp. to past time, and requires neg. con. Ex.hyā mahinyānta pāūsa paḍēla hyācī malā agā navhatī. 2 Presence or freshness of mind regarding; clear recollection of. Ex. mī cakalōṃ kharēṃ malā tē vēḷēsa agā rāhilī nāhīṃ. agā m or agō m ghēṇēṃ g. of o. To take the conduct or management of; to take the lead or the initiative. agā bāndhaṇēṃ To forecast; to consider futurity; to provide against.

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agā (अगा).—ind A civil vocative particle in calling to or addressing a male. It is prefixed to the name, or, with elision of a, affixed. 2 This is the plural of agē q. v.

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āga (आग).—f (agni S) Fire. 2 fig. Ardor, heat, burning, glowing. āga pākhaḍaṇēṃ with vara of o. To scatter calumnies concerning. āga righaṇēṃ To immolate herself upon the funeral pyre of her husband--a widow. āga lāgaṇēṃ acc. of s. as dhānyālā-vastrālā To be exceedingly dear. āga lāgō Fire seize it! burn it! āga lāvaṇēṃ To excite a quarrel; to kindle dissension. āga lāvīla āṇi vijhālī kāṃ nāhīṃ jāūna pāhīla Used of a malignant and mischievous fellow who will set people by the ears, and then affect concern about it. āgalāvyā nī bōmba- māṛyā m A term for one who will perpetrate a mischief or an act of wickedness, and then vehemently charge it upon another. āga varasaṇēṃ (To shower down fire.) Used with numerous words, such as pāūsa, ūna, laḍhāī, saṅkaṭa, cōra, and in gen. case as pāvasācī-unācī-laḍhāīcī-saṅkaṭācī-cōrāṃ- cī-āga varasaṇēṃ, signifying To be excessive, intense, intolerable, overwhelming: also with dhānyā- cī-phaḷāñcī-guḷācī-lāḍavāñcī-tupācī-āga varasaṇēṃ To be overflowingly copious or plentiful. āga hātīṃ dharavēla paṇa () hātīṃ dharavaṇāra nāhīṃ Said of a hot-headed, wildly passionate person. āgīnta uḍī ghālaṇēṃ or ṭākaṇēṃ To rush daringly into danger. āgīnta or āgīvara tēla ghālaṇēṃ or ōtaṇēṃ To cast oil upon fire; to add fuel to the flame. āgīvāñcūna dhūra nighata nāhīṃ The waves never rise but when the winds blow. āgīvāṛyācēṃ bhaya (from āga & vārēṃ q. v.) Expresses fear or apprehension of the epidemic cholera. 2 (āga & vārā Wind.) Also āgīvāṛyācē divasa Expressions in constant use in windy weather with reference to scattered grass or rubbish. v hō, lāga, suṭa. kōṇhī āga vhāvē kōṇhī pāṇī vhāvē Men ought to be diverse and multiform: some should be quick and fiery; some should be slow and gentle.

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āgā (आगा).—m The front piece which intervenes betwixt the pēśakaḷī & the khuṇṭakaḷī of an aṅgarakhā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aga (अग).—ina A vocative particle in addressing a female.

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agā (अगा).—ind A vocative particle in calling to a male.

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āga (आग).—f Fire; fig. heat. āga pākhaḍaṇēṃ Scatter calumnies concerning. āga lāvaṇēṃ Kin- dle; excite a quarrel. āgīnta uḍī ghālaṇēṃ Rush daringly into danger. āgīnta tāvūna kāḍhalēlā Well tested and proved. āgīnta tēla ghālaṇēṃ Add fuel to the flame.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aga (अग).—a. [na gacchatīti; gam-ḍa. na. ta.)]

1) Unable to walk, not going, not in a position to go; अगो वृषलः शीतेन (ago vṛṣalaḥ śītena) P.VI.3.77 Sk. अगजगदोकसामखिलशक्त्यवबोधक ते (agajagadokasāmakhilaśaktyavabodhaka te) Bhāg. 1.87.14.

2) Unapproachable.

-gaḥ 1 A tree; सदानतो येन विषाणिनाऽगः (sadānato yena viṣāṇinā'gaḥ) Śi.4.63.

2) A mountain; ध्वनिरगविवरेषु नूपुराणाम् (dhvaniragavivareṣu nūpurāṇām) Ki.1.4. also a stone; प्रत्यापगं प्रत्यगम् (pratyāpagaṃ pratyagam) Mahānāṭaka.

3) A snake.

4) The sun (na gacchati vakragatyā paścimam, tasya hi vakragatyabhāvo jyotiṣaprasiddhaḥ or, 'not going' the earth by its diurnal rotation causing day and night).

5) A water-jar, as in अगस्त्य (agastya) (kumbhastyāna).

6) The number seven (from the seven kulācalas) cf. ... अथ पन्नगे । नगाः अगाः पर्वतेऽर्के पादपे स्यात् (atha pannage | nagāḥ agāḥ parvate'rke pādape syāt)... ()| Nm.

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Agā (अगा).—a. Ved. Not going.

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Āga (आग).—1 P.

1) To come, come near, approach.

2) To arrive at, attain, reach; fall into (a particular state or condition); आनृण्यमागम् (ānṛṇyamāgam) to become free from debt; so विश्वासम्°, ध्यानम्° (viśvāsam°, dhyānam°) &c.

3) To have recourse to. -Caus. (-gamayati)

1) To cause to come or draw near; तं त्वमा गमयागमे (taṃ tvamā gamayāgame) Av.6.81.2.

2) To lead towards, take, convey; आगमितापि विदूरम् (āgamitāpi vidūram) Gīt.12.

3) To announce the arrival of; राजानमागमयति (rājānamāgamayati) = राजागमनमाचष्टे (rājāgamanamācaṣṭe) Sk.

4) To ascertain, inform oneself about; सर्वमागमयामास पाण्डवानां विचेष्टितम् (sarvamāgamayāmāsa pāṇḍavānāṃ viceṣṭitam) Mb.5.7.4. प्रज्ञामेवागमयति यः प्राज्ञेम्यः स पंडितः (prajñāmevāgamayati yaḥ prājñemyaḥ sa paṃḍitaḥ) Vop.

5) To learn, acquire, study; सम्यगागमिता विद्या प्रबोधविनयाविव (samyagāgamitā vidyā prabodhavinayāviva) R.1.71; तदप्यागमितं मया (tadapyāgamitaṃ mayā) Mb.; आगमय दण्डनीतिं कुलविद्याम् (āgamaya daṇḍanītiṃ kulavidyām) Dk.155; Mv.5; Si.9.79.

6) (Atm.) To wait for, have patience; आगमयस्व तावत् (āgamayasva tāvat) = क्षमस्व (kṣamasva) Sk. आगमयते कालम् (āgamayate kālam) Vop.

Derivable forms: āgam (आगम्).

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Āga (आग).—a. Accidental, sudden; °त्वम् (tvam) accident, chance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aga (अग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. A tree. 2. The sun. 3. A mountain. 4. A snake. 5. Moving crookedly, twining, twisting E. a neg. and ga who goes, from gama to go, or aga to go tortuously. ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aga (अग).—[a-ga], m. 1. A mountain. 2. A tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aga (अग).—(*[adjective] not moving;) [masculine] tree or mountain.

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Āgā (आगा).—& abhyā come near. approach, get at; befall, visit ([accusative]).

Āgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and (गा).

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Āgā (आगा).—sing to ([accusative]), gain by singing.

Āgā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and (गा).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aga (अग):—[from ag] 1. aga m. a snake [in this sense perhaps rather a-ga] [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the sun, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a water-jar, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [=a-ga] 2. a-ga mfn. (√gam). unable to walk, [Pāṇini 6-3, 77 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a mountain

6) [v.s. ...] a tree

7) [v.s. ...] the number seven.

8) Agā (अगा):—[=a-gā] mf. ([Vedic or Veda]) not going, [Pāṇini 3-2, 67 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

9) Āga (आग):—= āgas in an-āga q.v.

10) Āgā (आगा):—[=ā-gā] 1. ā-√1. -jigāti ([imperative] -jigātu; [Aorist] -gāt, 3. [plural] -guḥ)

—to come towards or into ([accusative]), approach, [Ṛg-veda] etc.;

—to attain, [Śiśupāla-vadha v, 41];

—to overcome, visit (as fear or evil), [Mahābhārata]

11) [=ā-gā] [from ā-gai] 2. ā-gā f. intonation

12) [v.s. ...] singing in a low voice, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; ṢaḍvBr.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aga (अग):—I. [tatpurusha compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-gaḥ-gā-gam) Not going, not mov-ing. 2. m.

(-gaḥ) 1) A mountain.

2) A tree.

3) The sun.

4) A water jar(?).

5) (In arithmetic sometimes used to denote) the numeral seven. E. a neg. and ga. See agaccha, agama and naga. Ii. m.

(-gaḥ) A snake. E. ag, kṛt aff. ac.

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Agā (अगा):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f.

(-gāḥ-gāḥ) Not going. E. a neg. and (from gam, kṛt aff. viṭ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aga (अग):—(ma) agati 1. a. To wind about.

2) (gaḥ) 1. m. A tree; a mountain; the sun; a snake.

3) [a-ga] (gaḥ-gā-gaṃ) a. Unapproachable, unattainable.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aga (अग):—1. m.

1) Schlange [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 29.] —

2) Sonne ibid. —

3) Wasserkrug: agaḥ kumbhaḥ . tatra styānaḥ saṃhata ityagastyaḥ [Durgadāsa] zu [Yāska’s Nirukta 1, 5]; s. u. agastya . — Vgl. ag .

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Aga (अग):—2. (3. a + ga gehend) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 77.]

1) adj. nicht gehend, nicht im Stande zu gehen: ago vṛṣalaḥ śītena [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 77,] [Scholiast] —

2) m. a) Baum [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1114.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 28.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 2.] [Śiśupālavadha 4, 63.] — b) Berg [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 20.] [Scholiast] zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1027.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 29.] [Medinīkoṣa g. 2.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 3, 77, Scholiast] [Śākuntala 166, v. l.] — Vgl. agaccha, agama und naga .

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Agā (अगा):—(3. a + gā) ved. adj. nicht gehend [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 67,] [Scholiast]

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Āga (आग):—1. = āgas in anāga (s. d.)

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Āga (आग):—2. (von gam mit ā) adj. zufällig; davon āgatva Zufälligkeit, Zufall [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 193, 4.]

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Āgā (आगा):—(von oder gam mit ā) adj. herbeikommend, s. anāgā .

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Aga (अग):—2.

2) b) [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 22, 24.]

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Āga (आग):—2. zu streichen, da für āgatvena an der a. St. ohne Zweifel āgatatve zu lesen ist; vgl. āgati ebend. 9. āgatatva (von āgata) n. bedeutet das Herkommen, Herstammen (eines Dinges).

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Āgā (आगा):—(2. mit ā) f. Lied [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 13, 10, 8.] [Ṣaḍviṃśabrāhmaṇa 2, 2.]

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Aga (अग):—1. vgl. ṣaḍaga .

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Aga (अग):—2. in der Bed. Berg Bez. der Zahl sieben [Sūryasiddhānta 2, 35. 3, 44. 8, 3. 7.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aga (अग):—1. m.

1) Schlange.

2) die Sonne.

3) Wasserkrug (Wegen agasti).

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Aga (अग):—2. —

1) *Adj. nicht gehend , sich nicht bewegend.

2) m. — a) Baum. — b) Berg.

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Agā (अगा):—ved. Adj. nicht gehend.

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Āga (आग):—= āgas in anāga.

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Āgā (आगा):—f. Intonation , Sangweise , Melodie.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Aga (अग):—(a) immovable; unintelligible.

2) Āga (आग) [Also spelled aag]:—(nf) fire;—[kā parakālā,—kā putalā] a fire-eater, fire brand, an extremely hot-tempered/hot-headed man;—[khānā aṃgāra haganā] to eat fire, to emit fumes;—[denā] to perform funeral rites; -[para pānī ḍālanā] to pacify/calm down (all infuriated persons);—[para loṭanā] to be uneasy or restless, to be consumed with jealousy, envy etc.; —[pānī/phūsa kā baira] innate mutual hostility;—[phāṃkanā] to boast enormously, to lie grossly; ~[babūlā honā] to be inflamed, to fly in to a rage; —[barasanā] lit. shedding of fire, meaning to have scorching heat (also see—[barasanā]); (for something) to be scarce and expensive; —[barasānā] to bombaid, to cannonate (also see—[barasanā]);—[bhaḍa vānā] to stir or blow the fire (of), to fah the flame (of), to pour oil on fire;—[meṃ kūdanā] to jump into fire, to create troubles for oneself;—[meṃ ghī ḍālanā] to fan the flame, to pour oil on fire; to add fuel to the fire;—[meṃ jhoṃkanā] to thrust into the fire, to put in trouble;—[meṃ pānī ḍālanā] to extinguish the fire, to cause a quarrel to end;—[lagākara tamāśā dekhanā] to excite a quarrel and then to enjoy it;—[lagākara pānī ko dauḍanā]lit. 'to run for water after setting fire to' —meaning, to make show of curing an evil caused by oneself; —[lage para kuāṃ khodanā] to shut the stable door after the horse is stolen; —[se khelanā] to play with fire;—[se khelanā khatare se khālī nahīṃ] it is dangerous to play with edged tools; —[honā] to be furious, to be in a rage, to have one’s blood up.

3) Āgā (आगा) [Also spelled aaga]:—(nm) front, frontage, the fore part of anything; face; the future, the morrow; -[pīchā] pros and cons; •[karanā] to waver, to hesitate;—[bhārī honā] (vulgar) to be in the family way, to be with child.

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