Aghosha, Aghoṣa, Āghoṣa: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Aghosha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aghoṣa and Āghoṣa can be transliterated into English as Aghosa or Aghosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Aghosh.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Aghoṣa (अघोष) refers to “unvoiced consonants” in Sanskrit grammar. It is a classification of consonants (vyañjana) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Aghoṣa (अघोष).—Unvoiced, merely breathed; a term applied to the surd consonants, ś, ṣ s, and visarga which are uttered by mere breathing and which do not produce any sonant effect. cf. T. Pr.I.12; R.Pr.I.11. The term jit (जित् (jit)) is used for these letters as also for the first two consonants of a class in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya cf. द्वौ द्वौ प्रथमौ जित् (dvau dvau prathamau jit); ऊष्माणश्च हवर्जम् (ūṣmāṇaśca havarjam) V. Pr. I.50.51.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Aghoṣa (अघोष) represents the number 13 (thirteen) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 13—aghoṣa] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aghoṣa.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘thirteen’ [being the number of surds in the Sanskrit alphabet]. Note: aghoṣa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aghoṣa (अघोष).—a. [nāsti ghoṣo yasya yatra vā]

1) Hard-sounding, See below.

2) Devoid of cow-herds.

-ṣaḥ The hard sound of a consonant, hollowness of sound with which all hard consonants and the Visarga are pronounced (one of the 11 kinds of bāhyaprayatna, See P.VIII.2.1.) or the consonants so pronounced (khayāṃ yamāḥ khayaḥ + ka-pau visargaḥ śara eva ca | ete śvāsānupradānā aghoṣāśca vivṛṇvate ||).

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Āghoṣa (आघोष).—Calling out, invocation.

Derivable forms: āghoṣaḥ (आघोषः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aghoṣa (अघोष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) 1. Without noise. 2. Without cowherd, (a country) E. a neg. ghoṣa noise, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aghoṣa (अघोष):—[=a-ghoṣa] m. (in [grammar]) ‘non-sonance, absence of all sound or soft murmur’, hard articulation or effort as applied to the hard consonants and Visarga

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. soundless, hard (as the hard consonants).

3) Āghoṣa (आघोष):—[=ā-ghoṣa] [from ā-ghuṣ] a m. calling out to, invocation, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

4) [v.s. ...] proclaiming, boastful statement, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

5) [=ā-ghoṣa] b etc. See ā-√ghuṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aghoṣa (अघोष):—I. [tatpurusha compound] m.

(-ṣaḥ) (In grammar.) The absence of soft articulation, hard articulation; such as characterises the pronunciation of the letters ka kha ca cha ṭa ṭha ta tha pa pha śa ṣa sa and of Visarga. See vāhyaprayatna. E. a neg. and ghoṣa. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣam) 1) Without a soft sounding, sounding hard (as a letter).

2) Without a cowherd (as a country). E. a priv. and ghoṣa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āghoṣa (आघोष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āghosa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aghosha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aghosha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aghoṣa (अघोष) [Also spelled aghosh]:—(a) unvoiced (sound).

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Āghosa (आघोस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Āghoṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aghōṣa (ಅಘೋಷ):—

1) [adjective] not making or not involving sound.

2) [adjective] (gram.) (said of hard consonants - ಕ, ಖ, ಚ, ಛ [ka, kha, ca, cha] etc.) not using vocal chord prominently while being produced; voiceless.

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Aghōṣa (ಅಘೋಷ):—[noun] a consonant which does not use vocal chord of the body while being produced (e.g. ಕ,ಖ,ಚ, ಛ [ka,kha,ca, cha] etc.); a voiceless consonant.

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Āghōṣa (ಆಘೋಷ):—[noun] a heavy sound; a loud cry.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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