Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

दुह्खं हि यो वेद यतो निदानं कामेषु जन्तु स कथं रमेत ।
उपधिं हि लोके शल्यम् इति मत्वा तस्यैव धीरो विनयाय शिक्षेत् ॥ २० ॥

duhkhaṃ hi yo veda yato nidānaṃ kāmeṣu jantu sa kathaṃ rameta |
upadhiṃ hi loke śalyam iti matvā tasyaiva dhīro vinayāya śikṣet || 20 ||

The English translation of Verse 2.20 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.20). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Veda, Yatah, Yat, Yata, Nidana, Kama, Katham, Katha, Upadhi, Loka, Shalya, Iti, Matu, Matva, Tad, Tas, Dhira, Vinaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 2.20). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “duhkhaṃ hi yo veda yato nidānaṃ kāmeṣu jantu sa kathaṃ rameta
  • Cannot analyse duhkham*hi
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • veda -
  • veda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • yato* -
  • yataḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yataḥ (indeclinable)
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    yata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    i -> yat (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √i class 2 verb], [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √i class 2 verb], [genitive single from √i class 2 verb]
    yam -> yata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yam class 1 verb]
  • nidānam -
  • nidāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nidāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nidānā (noun, feminine)
  • kāmeṣu -
  • kāma (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    kāma (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • jantu -
  • jantu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jan (verb class 2)
    [imperative active third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • katham -
  • katham (indeclinable interrogative)
    [indeclinable interrogative]
    katham (indeclinable)
    kathā (noun, feminine)
    katha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    katha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • rameta -
  • ram (verb class 1)
    [optative active second plural], [optative middle third single]
  • Line 2: “upadhiṃ hi loke śalyam iti matvā tasyaiva dhīro vinayāya śikṣet
  • upadhim -
  • upadhi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • hi -
  • hi (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • loke -
  • loka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    lok (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • śalyam -
  • śalya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    śalya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    śalyā (noun, feminine)
    śal -> śalya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
    śal -> śalya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √śal class 10 verb], [accusative single from √śal class 10 verb]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • matvā -
  • man -> matvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √man]
    man -> matvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √man]
    matu (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    matvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tasyai -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
    tas (verb class 4)
    [imperative middle first single], [imperative passive first single], [imperative active second single]
    tas -> tasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √tas]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tas (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    tas (noun, neuter)
    [locative single], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • dhīro* -
  • dhīra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vinayāya -
  • vinaya (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    vinaya (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • śikṣet -
  • śikṣ (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
    śak (verb class 0)
    [optative active third single]
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