Upadhi, Upādhi: 22 definitions

Introduction

Upadhi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaiyākaraṇabhūṣaṇasāra: a critical study

Upādhi (उपाधि).—A limiting adjunct.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Upādhi (उपाधि).—Condition, limitation, determinant, qualification: e.g. न हि उपाधे-रुपाधिर्भवति, विशेषणस्य वा विशेषणम् (na hi upādhe-rupādhirbhavati, viśeṣaṇasya vā viśeṣaṇam) M.Bh. on I.3.2 as also on V.1.16; cf. also इह यो विशेष उपाधिर्वोपादीयते द्योत्ये तस्मिंस्तेन भवितव्यम् । (iha yo viśeṣa upādhirvopādīyate dyotye tasmiṃstena bhavitavyam |) M.Bh. on III.1.7.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Upādhi (उपाधि) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in law, referring to “fraud”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.165)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Upādhi (उपाधि) refers to a “qualifying attribute”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 1.4. The word is used in this sense in Bhāgavata 1.9.25ff; also in Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā 20.11-12. Nārāyaṇa explains upādhi as “mode”, “category” (prakāra). This meaning is particularly appropriate, as the Naiṣadha passage [...] is based on Mahābhāṣya 1.1.1. It will be seen that Śrīharṣa uses the word upādhi in place of prakāra. With regard to the various modes of learning, adhīti of our poem corresponds to grahaṇa; ācaraṇa to vyacahāra; and pracāraṇa to pravacana (i.e. adhyāpana). Upādhi is used in the sense of prakāra in the following passage of Rasagaṅgādhara (chapter 1) [...].

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Upadhi (Sanskrit: "imposition" or "limitation") is a term in Hindu philosophy. In Hindu logic, an upadhi is the condition which accompanies the major term and must be supplied to limit the too general middle term. For instance, "the mountain has smoke because it has fire" rests on the false premise that all fire is accompanied by smoke. To restrict the too general middle term here, 'wet fuel' should be added as the condition of fire.

It can also be viewed as a disguise or vehicle for true reality, both defining something and limiting it. For example, the body of a man or animal is the upadhi of its spirit. Upadhi is one of many conditions of body and mind obscuring the true state of man or his self which Indian philosophies seek to remove for the attainment of moksha.

Extract from Helena Blavatsky's Theosophical Glossary:

"Basis; the vehicle, carrier or bearer of something less material than itself: as the human body is the upâdhi of its spirit, ether the upâdhi of light, etc., etc.; a mould; a defining or limiting substance."

Source: Advaita Academy: Hinduism

Upādhi is a superimposition which gives a limited view of the Absolute, a limiting factor. A red rose near a crystal makes the crystal look red. It is said to be an upādhi for the crystal. Similarly, the human body, which shows characteristics like birth, ageing, death etc. is an upādhi for the eternal atman, by showing the

Source: Red Zambala: On the Salvific Activities of God

Upādhi means both fear and deceit. Serving the Lord should be done from overwhelming love for Him alone, in which there is absolutely no fear either from service imperfectly done, overdone or even neglected. If one takes Upādhi as ‘deceit’ then it would mean serving the Lord honestly with objects honestly obtained.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Pacceka Buddha, whose name occurs in a list of names. ApA.i.107.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

upadhi=Substrata Of Existence .

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'substratum of existence'. In the Com. there are enumerated 4 kinds:

  • the 5 groups (khandha)
  • sensuous desire (kāma)
  • mental defilements (kilesa)
  • karma

In the suttas it occurs frequently in Sn. (vv. 33, 364, 546, 728), and, with reference to Nibbāna, in the phrase "the abandoning of all substrata" (sabbūpadhi-patinissagga; D. 14).

See viveka (3).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upādhi.—(SII 1), probably, a condition. Cf. opādi (SII 2), dues. Note: upādhi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

upadhi : (m.) substratum of re-birth; attachment. || upādhi (m.), a little.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Upādhi, (fr. upa + ā + dhā) 1. cushion J. VI, 253.—2. supplement, ornament (?), in °ratha “the chariot with the outfit”, expld. by C. as the royal chariot with the golden slipper J. VI, 22. (Page 149)

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Upadhi, (fr. upa + dhā, cp. upadahati & BSk. upadhi Divy 50, 224, 534) 1. putting down or under, foundation, basis, ground, substratum (of rebirth) S. I, 117, 124, 134, 186; A. II, 24 (°saṅkhaya); III, 382 (id.); IV, 150 (°kkhaya); It. 21, 69; Sn. 364, 728 (upadhī-nidānā dukkha = vaṭṭa-dukkhaṃ SnA 505), 789, 992; Nd1 27, 141; Nd2 157; Vbh. 338; Nett 29; DhA. IV, 33.—(2) clinging to rebirth (as impeding spiritual progress), attachment (almost syn. with kilesa or taṇhā, cp. nirupadhi & anupadhi); S A. = pañcakkhandhā, S. II, 108. At M I 162 (cp. Sn. 33 = S. I, 6 = I. 107) wife and children, flocks and herds, silver and gold are called upadhayo. upadhi is the root of sorrow ib. 454; S. II, 108; Sn. 728 = 1051 = Th. I, 152 and the rejection of all upadhis is Nibbāna D. II, 36. (cp. S. I, 136; III, 133; V, 226; A. I, 80; M. I, 107 = II. 93; Vin. I, 5, 36 = J. I, 83 = Mvst II. 444; It. 46, 62); D. III, 112 calls that which has upadhi ignoble (= non-Aryan). At S. I, 117 = Divy 224 upadhi is called a bond (saṃgo). Cp. opadhika.—The upadhis were later systematized into a set of 10, which are given at Nd2 157 as follows: 5 taṇh’upadhis (taṇhā, diṭṭhi, kilesa, kamma, duccarita), āhār-upadhi, paṭigh°, catasso upādinnā dhātuyo u. (viz. kāma, diṭṭhi, sīlabbata, attavāda; see D. III, 230), cha ajjhattikāni āyatanāni u. , cha viññāṇa-kāyā u. Another modified classification see at Brethren p. 398. (Page 142)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upādhi (उपाधि).—m S Causative, operative, or influential combination, contact, contiguity, or other close connection. E. g. the solution in water of colors, odors, sapid bodies &c. (i. e. u0) renders the water colored, odorous, sapid &c.; the juxtaposition to a chamelion, a diamond &c. of a vividlycolored object (i. e. u0) renders the chamelion &c. colored conformably. u0 is applied also to the body or substance which, through union, contiguity, or virtuous reflection, communicates its qualities. 2 An occasion, reason, ground. 3 A discriminative or distinguishing property. 4 A discriminative appellation; a designation or title; a nickname or a lovename. 5 A cause generally; that which produces, occasions, effects, works. Ex. agnīpāsūna dhūra uttpanna hōtō tyāsa ārdrēndhanasaṃyōga u0 hōya. In the wide sense of Cause, as Controlling, circumscribing, determining, defining, bounding, covering, or, in other similar manner, affecting or operating upon, u0 is incessantly occurring in philosophical writings and conversation. 6 In the Vedanta u0 is applied to certain natural forms or properties, considered as coverings or disguises of Spirit. 7 f A mischievous or troublesome (person, affair, matter). See the popular form upādha.

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upādhi (उपाधि).—. Add at the end of Sig. VII.:--Ex. taṃva tē bāḷa dōghē jaṇa || nānālaṅkāra upādhī ṭākūna ||.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upādhi (उपाधि).—m An occasion, reason, ground. Discriminative property. A cause. f A troublesome (person &c.).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upadhi (उपधि).—[upa-dhā-ki] उपसर्गे घोः किः (upasarge ghoḥ kiḥ) P.III.3.92.

1) Fraud, dishonesty; निरुपधि विशुद्धं विजयते (nirupadhi viśuddhaṃ vijayate) U. अरिषु हि विजयार्थिनः क्षितीशा विदधति सोपधि सन्धिदूषणानि (ariṣu hi vijayārthinaḥ kṣitīśā vidadhati sopadhi sandhidūṣaṇāni) Ki.1.45, also Mb.12.57.17; see अनुपधि (anupadhi) also.

2) (In law) Suppression of the truth, a false suggestion; यत्र वाप्युपधिं पश्येत्त- त्सर्वं विनिवर्तते (yatra vāpyupadhiṃ paśyetta- tsarvaṃ vinivartate) Ms.8.165.

3) Terror, threat, compulsion, false inducement; बलोपधिविनिर्वृत्तान् व्यवहारान्निवर्तयेत् (balopadhivinirvṛttān vyavahārānnivartayet) Y.2. 31,89.

4) The part of a wheel between the nave and the circumference, or the wheel itself; नभ्येव न उपधीव प्रधीव (nabhyeva na upadhīva pradhīva) Rv.2.39.4.

5) Foundation (with the Buddhists).

Derivable forms: upadhiḥ (उपधिः).

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Upadhi (उपधि).—See under उपधा (upadhā).

Derivable forms: upadhiḥ (उपधिः).

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Upādhi (उपाधि).—1 Fraud, deceit, trick.

2) Deception, disguise (in Vedānta).

3) Discriminative or distinguishing property, attribute, peculiarity; तदुपाधावेव संकेतः (tadupādhāveva saṃketaḥ) K. P.2. It is of four kinds :-जाति, गुण, क्रिया, संज्ञा (jāti, guṇa, kriyā, saṃjñā).

4) A title, nick-name; (bhaṭṭācārya, mahāmahopādhyāya, paṇḍita &c.); बी (). ए (e). इत्युपाधिधारिणः (ityupādhidhāriṇaḥ) (modern use).

5) Limitation, condition (as of time, space &c.); न ह्युपाधेरुपाधिर्भवति विशेषणस्य वा विशेषणम् (na hyupādherupādhirbhavati viśeṣaṇasya vā viśeṣaṇam) Mahābhārata I.3.2 अनुपाधिरमणीयो देशः (anupādhiramaṇīyo deśaḥ) Prob. a country altogether (or naturally) beautiful; (oft. occurring in Vedānta Phil.); देहाद्युपाधिरचितो भेदः (dehādyupādhiracito bhedaḥ) Ś. B.; न खलु बहिरुपाधीन्प्रीतयः संश्रयन्ते (na khalu bahirupādhīnprītayaḥ saṃśrayante) U.6.12; Māl.1.24.

6) A trace, mark; भौमा उपाधयः (bhaumā upādhayaḥ) Mv.7.22.

7) A purpose, occasion, object.

8) (In logic) A special cause for a general effect; साध्यव्यापकत्वे सति साधनाव्यापक उपाधिः (sādhyavyāpakatve sati sādhanāvyāpaka upādhiḥ); as आर्द्रेन्धनम् (ārdrendhanam) (wet fuel) is the उपाधि (upādhi) of the hetu वह्निमत्त्व (vahnimattva) in the inference पर्वतो धूमवान् वह्नेः (parvato dhūmavān vahneḥ).

9) Reflection on duty or a virtuous reflection.

1) A man who is careful to support his family.

11) An incidental purpose, an additional adjunct (which does not modify the original idea to which it is added). काष्ठाहरणे शाकाहरण- मुपाधिः क्रियते इति । किमिदमुपाधिः क्रियत इति । काष्ठाहरणाधिकार- समीपे द्वितीयं कर्मोपाधीयते । सति काष्ठाहरणे इदमपरं कर्तव्यमिति (kāṣṭhāharaṇe śākāharaṇa- mupādhiḥ kriyate iti | kimidamupādhiḥ kriyata iti | kāṣṭhāharaṇādhikāra- samīpe dvitīyaṃ karmopādhīyate | sati kāṣṭhāharaṇe idamaparaṃ kartavyamiti) | ŚB. on MS.4.3.2; also ŚB. on MS.12.4.13.

Derivable forms: upādhiḥ (उपाधिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Upadhi (उपधि).—(m.; = Pali upadhi, and also Pali upādi), (1) substratum of continued existence; attachment, bond uniting one to existence. Acc. to Childers upādi means the khandhas alone, while upadhi includes also kilesa (with which [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] makes it ‘almost synonymous’), kāma, and kamma; but according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] upadhi is sometimes equated with the pañca-kkhandhā. In Pali, upādi is, according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary], used only in composition with -sesa, in cpds. usually beginning sa- or an- and regularly epithets of nibbāna (-dhātu); these are represented in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] by anupadhiśeṣa, nirupa°, sopa°, qq.v. But [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] also has upadhi and nir-up° (m.c. niropadhi) = Pali (nir-) upadhi.The passages here listed belong exclusively to this latter class, = Pali upadhi. (But it seems that even in Pali, upadhi and upādi are not always clearly distinguished.) upadhī-kṣīṇā Lalitavistara 358.18 (verse); sarvopadhi-pratiniḥsarga the getting rid of all up° Lalitavistara 31.21; Mahāvastu ii.285.20; iii.314.4; sarvopadhi-niḥsarga ([bahuvrīhi], with dharma) Lalitavistara 392.11; 395.21; sarvopadhikṣaya- Mahāvastu i.115.8; compare ii.418.10 upadhi (mss., Senart em. °dhiṃ) pratītya duḥkhasya saṃbhavo sarvaśopadhikṣayato (mss., Senart em. sarvopa°)…nāsti duḥkhasya saṃbhavo; Mahāvastu iii.282.6 upadhi-saṃkṣaye; Divyāvadāna 224.20 śalyam upa- dhiṃ viditvā; Udānavarga ii.20 upadhiṃ hi loke śalyam iti matvā, l'attachement…c'est la misère… Others s.v. niropadhi. In Mahāvyutpatti 6499 upadhi has three Tibetan definitions; the first, phuṅ po, regularly = skandha (as Pali upādi = khandha); the third, ñon moṅs pa, regularly = kleśa (as Pali upadhi, ‘almost syn. with kilesa,’ [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary]); while the second, rdzas, thing, substance, matter, belongs to a meaning of the word app. unknown to Pali, viz. (2) material thing, ‘chose maté- rielle’ (Lévi, = Tibetan dṅos, which also = Sanskrit vastu), Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) xvii.3 (n. 1 in Transl.); see also LaVallée Poussin, Abhidharmakośa iv.15 with n. 1: ‘Par upadhi, il faut entendre la chose (ārāma, vihāra, etc.) donnée à un moine ou au Saṃgha: le mérite qui procède (tadbhava) de cet upadhi s'appelle [Page136-a+ 71] aupadhika’ (q.v.). Hence, (3) in Divyāvadāna 50.28 bhagavān upadhau vartate, the Lord was acting in regard to material things (of the assembly of monks), i.e. in the function of an upadhi-vārika, q.v. (= aupadhike Divyāvadāna 542.17). (See also s.v. plotikā.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadhi (उपधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. Fraud, circumvention. 2. The wheel of a carriage. 3. Fear, terror. E. upa, dhā to have, and ki aff.

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Upādhi (उपाधि).—m.

(-dhiḥ) 1. Virtuous reflection. 2. A discriminative or distinguishing property, an attribute. 3. Deception, disguise. (In the Vadanta this is especially applied to certain natural forms or properties, considered as disguises of the spirit.) 4. A title, a discriminative appellation, a nickname. 5. Careful or diligent for the support of a family, (always masculine, though with a faminine or neuter substantive.) 6. A purpose, an occasion, an object. 7. (In logic,) A special cause for a general effect. 8. (In rhetoric,) The natural character of species, quality, or action. E. upa and āṅ before dhā to have, aff. ki.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upadhi (उपधि).—[masculine] putting to i.e. adding; imposition, fraud; the part of a wheel between nave and circumference.

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Upādhi (उपाधि).—[masculine] substitution, substitute; supposition, postulate, cause.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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