Dhira, Dhīra, Dhīrā: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Dhira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1a) Dhīrā (धीरा) is another name for Kākolī, a medicinal plant identified with Roscoea purpurea from the Zingiberaceae or “ginger family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.25-27 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Dhīrā and Kākolī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

1b) Dhīrā (धीरा) is also mentioned as a synonym for Tejovatī, a medicinal plant similar to Jyotiṣmatī Celastrus paniculatus (black oil plant or intellect tree) from the Celastraceae or “staff vine” or “bittersweet family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.82. The Raj Nighantu reads Jyotiṣmatī and Tejovatī together while Bāpālāl identifies Tejovatī with Zanthoxylum budrunga (cape yellowwood or Indian ivy-rue) from the Rutaceae or “rue” or “citrus” family.

2) Dhīra (धीर) is mentioned as a synonym for Ṛṣabhaka, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Microstylis muscifera Ridley which is a synonym of Malaxis muscifera (Lindl.) or “fly bearing malaxis” from the Orchidaceae or “orchid” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.11-13. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Dhīra and Ṛṣabhaka, there are a total of twenty Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dhīra (धीर) refers to “one who is deep”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “(A true practitioner) is a hero (vīra) who exerts himself and is courageous. He is content, devoted to the teacher, not greedy, compassionate, industrious, self-controlled, of good appearance, sāttvika, deep [i.e., dhīra], all his limbs are intact (and) active, he knows (true) devotion and the scriptures and crosses over into (higher) realities. He is devoted to the transmission which is free of thought (nirvikalpakrama), he eats what he has begged and is desireless. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhīra (धीर) refers to “the bold one” and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.11.—Accordingly, as Himavat (Himālaya) eulogised Śiva: “[...] O Śiva, obeisance to the resident of Kailāsa, obeisance to one who wanders all over the worlds, obeisance to thee the great lord, to the one indulging in divine sports, obeisance to the trident-holder. O lord, of complete and perfect qualities, obeisance to Thee, devoid of aberrations. Obeisance to Thee without aspirations. Obeisance to Thee without desires. Obeisance to the bold one [i.e., dhīra], to the great soul. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

Two Theris of this name are mentioned, both belonging to the Sakiyans of Kapilavatthu.

They were members of the Bodhisattas court, at the time when he became the Buddha.

They left home with Pajapati Gotami, entered the Order and became arahants. Thig.6, 7; ThigA.12.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Dhīra (धीर) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Dhīra] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Dhīrā (धीरा) is the name of a vidyā subdued by Rāvaṇa, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.1 [origin of the rākṣasavaṃśa and vānaravaṃśa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] Rāvaṇa, knowing the highest good, not considering it worthless, remained motionless like a high mountain, absorbed in preeminent meditation. ‘Well done! Well done!’ was the cry of gods in the sky, and the Yakṣa-servants departed quickly, terrified. One thousand vidyās, the sky being lighted up by them, came to Daśāsya (=Rāvaṇa), saying aloud, ‘We are subject to you.’ [e.g., Dhīrā, ...] great vidyās beginning with these were subdued by noble Daśāsya in just a few days because of his former good acts. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

dhīra : (adj.) wise; the wise.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Dhīra, (adj.) (combining in meaning 1. Sk. dhīra “firm” fr. dhārayati (see dharati & dhiti); 2. Vedic. dhīra “wise” fr. dīdheti (see dhi2). The fluctuation of connotation is also scen in the explains of Coms which always give the foll. three conventional etymologies, viz. dhikkitapāpa, dhiti-sampanna, dhiyā (=paññāya) samannāgata Nd144≈(see dhi2)) constant, firm, self-relying, of character; wise, possessing the knowledge of the Dhamma, often=paṇḍita & Ep. of an Arahant D.II, 128; S.I, 24 (lokapariyāyaṃ aññāya nibbutā dh.), 122, 221; Sn.45, 235 (nibbanti dhīrā), 913 (vippamutto diṭṭhigatehi dh.), 1052; It.68 (°upasevanā, opp. bāla), 122 (dh. sabbaganthapamocano); Dh.23, 28, 177 (opp. bāla); Th.1, 4; 2, 7 (dhammā=tejussadehi ariyamag‹-› gadhammehi ThA.13); J.III, 396; V, 116; Pv.II, 16; II, 945; Nd1 44, 55, 482; Nd2 324 (=jutimant); Miln.342; KhA 194, 224, 230; DhA.III, 189 (=paṇḍita). (Page 341)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ḍhirā (ढिरा).—m (Usually ḍirā) A new shoot or sprout; or the unexpanded end of a sprout. 2 fig. A pointed stick used by thatchers to toss up their bundles.

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dhirā (धिरा).—m (dhīra) A prop. 2 fig. Encouragement, countenance, support. 3 An upright (or inclined post) of a draw-well.

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dhirā (धिरा).—int dhirē or dhirēdhirē or dhiradhirē int Slowly! gently! carefully!

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dhīra (धीर).—m (S) The quality or power of expecting long, enduring long, or persisting long;--patience, calmness, forbearance, fortitude, resolution, steadiness, stanchness. v dhara, yē, suṭa, phuṭa, phāṭa, sōḍa, ṭāka. Pr. dhīra asēla pōṭīṃ tara barēṃ hōīla śēvaṭīṃ. 2 Power of retention, hold: as tōṇḍālā dhīra Hold upon one's inclination to speak or to eat; jibhēlā dhīra Hold upon the tongue; pāyāṃlā dhīra Power of standing, stopping, staying still &c.; śaucālā dhīra nāhīṃ Expresses diarrhœa or great looseness. 3 Permanence, continuance, abiding (bōlaṇyānta-kara- ṇyānta-cālaṇyānta). 4 Quality of lasting; holding together; holding fast (in animals, buildings &c. dhōḍyānta-gharānta-khāmbānta-gāḍyānta-kāpaḍānta-kāgadānta.) dhīra karaṇēṃ To make a bold attempt. dhīra cēpaṇēṃ g. of s. To get or have one's courage or assurance confirmed or established. dhīra dēṇēṃ To encourage, assure, fortify. dhīra nighaṇēṃ in. con. To get courage or resolution for or unto. dhirācā Patient, firm, determined, resolute.

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dhīra (धीर).—m (Commonly dhirā) A prop or shore. 2 fig. Patronage or support.

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dhīra (धीर).—a (S) Patient. Pr. dhīra tō gambhīra utāvaḷā tō bāvaḷā. 2 Firm, enduring, steady, stanch: also determined, resolute, intrepid.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ḍhirā (ढिरा).—m A sprout. ḍhirī f A young sprout.

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dhirā (धिरा).—m A prop. Encouragement, countenance, support. m A prop. A support or stay; encouragement, reassurance. v .

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dhirā (धिरा).—int dhirē or dhirēdhirē or dhirādhira int Slowly! gently! carefully!

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dhīra (धीर).—m Patience, calmness, resolution. Power of retention, hold. dhīra karaṇēṃ To make a bold attempt. dhīra cēpaṇēṃ To get or have one's courage or as- surance confirmed or established. dhīra dēṇēṃ To encourage, assure, fortify. dhīra nighaṇēṃ in. con. To get courage or reso- lution for or unto. dhirācā Patient, firm, determined, resolute.

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dhīra (धीर).—a Patient. Pr. dhīra tō gambhīra utāvaḷā tō bāvaḷā. Firm, resolute.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhīra (धीर).—a. [dhiyaṃ rāti rā-ka, dhiyamīrayati īra-aṇ vā upa° sa Tv.] Brave, bold, courageous; धीरोद्धता गतिः (dhīroddhatā gatiḥ) U.6.19.

2) Steady, steadfast, firm, durable, lasting, constant निषेदुषीमासनबन्धधीरः (niṣeduṣīmāsanabandhadhīraḥ) R.2.6.

3) Strong-minded, persevering, self-possessed, resolute, of firm resolve or purpose; धीरा हि तरन्त्यापदम् (dhīrā hi tarantyāpadam) K.175; विकारहेतौ सति विक्रियन्ते येषां न चेतांसि त एव धीराः (vikārahetau sati vikriyante yeṣāṃ na cetāṃsi ta eva dhīrāḥ) Ku.1.59.

4) Composed, calm, collected.

5) Sedate, sober, grave, solemn; सागरधीरचेताः (sāgaradhīracetāḥ) R.18.4.

6) Strong, energetic.

7) Wise, prudent, intelligent, sensible, learned, clever; तमेव धीरो विज्ञाय प्रज्ञां कुर्वीत ब्राह्मणः (tameva dhīro vijñāya prajñāṃ kurvīta brāhmaṇaḥ) Bṛ. Up.4.4.21. धृतेश्च धीरः सदृशीर्व्यधत्त सः (dhṛteśca dhīraḥ sadṛśīrvyadhatta saḥ) R.3.1;5.38; 16.74; U.5.31.

8) Deep, grave, loud, hollow (as sound); स्वरेण धीरेण निवर्तयन्निव (svareṇa dhīreṇa nivartayanniva) R.3.43,59; U.6.17.

9) Well-conducted, well-behaved.

1) Gentle, soft, agreeable, pleasing (as a breeze); धीरसमीरे यमुनातीरे वसति वने वनमाली (dhīrasamīre yamunātīre vasati vane vanamālī) Gīt.5.

11) Lazy, dull.

12) Daring.

13) Headstrong.

-raḥ 1 The ocean.

2) An epithet of Buddha.

3) The thinking principle, the soul (cidātman).

4) An epithet of king Bali.

-ram Saffron.

-ram -ind. Boldly, firmly, steadfastly. steadily; धीरं विलोकयति (dhīraṃ vilokayati) Bh.2.31; Amaru. 13.

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Dhīrā (धीरा).—The heroine of a poetic composition who, though jealous of her husband or lover, suppresses all outward manifestation or expression of her resentment in his presence or as the Rasamañjarī puts it, व्यङ्ग्यकोपप्रकाशिका धीरा (vyaṅgyakopaprakāśikā dhīrā); see S. D. 12-15 also.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhīra (धीर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Wise, sensible, learned. 2. Firm, steady, consistent, determined. 3. Cool, collected. 4. Head-strong, self-willed, uncontrollable. 5. Lazy, dull, slow. 6. Strong, powerful. 7. Wellbehaved, decorous, decent. 8. Gentle, steady, (as a breeze.) 9. Deep, (as a sound) m.

(-raḥ) 1. A name of Bali, a celebrated prince. 2. The ocean. mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) Saffron. f.

(-rā) 1. A drug; also kākolī. 2. A woman who, although jealous of a husband or lover, suppresses all expression of resentment in his presence. E. dhī understanding, to possess, ka affix; or dhī with īra to go to, affix aṇ; or dhī to possess, ktan Unadi aff. dhiyaṃ rāti rā-ka . dhiyamīrayati īraaṇ vā . upa0 sa .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhīra (धीर).—i. e. I. dhṛ + a, adj. 1. Lasting, Cāṭ. 7. 2. Firm, resolute, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3755; [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 72; [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 167; courageous, Kāthas. 18, 297. 3. Solemn, grave, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 26. 4. Deep (as a sound), [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 16, 13. Ii. dhī + ra, adj. Sensible, wise, Mahābhārata 5, 1076; [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 19 13; Chr. 290, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhīra (धीर).—1. ([feminine] dhīrī & dhīrā) intelligent, skilful, clever, wise; [abstract] † [feminine], tva [neuter]†

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Dhīra (धीर).—2. [adjective] firm, steady, grave, deep (sound); insisting on (—°), constant, persevering, resolute, courageous; °— & [neuter] [adverb]; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]

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Dhīra (धीर).—3. [neuter] saffron.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhīra (धीर):—[from dhī] 1. dhīra mf(ī or ā)n. intelligent, wise, skilful, clever, familiar with, versed in ([locative case]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ([Comparative degree] dhīra-tara, [Atharva-veda; Rāmāyaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a Buddha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] of sub voce men with the [patronymic] Śātaparṇeya, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) 2. dhīra mf(ā)n. (√dhṛ or dhā? cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 24]) steady, constant, firm, resolute, brave, energetic, courageous, self-possessed, composed, calm, grave, [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Purāṇa]

5) deep, low, dull (as sound), [Kālidāsa; Amaru-śataka] etc.

6) gentle, soft, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) well-conducted, well-bred, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) m. the ocean, sea (as an image of constancy?)

9) Name of Bali, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) of other men, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

11) Dhīrā (धीरा):—[from dhīra] f. Name of sub voce [medicine] plants (kākolī, kṣīra-kāk, mahā-jyotiṣmatī, medā, śveta-vacā, Rosa Glandulifera), [Bhāvaprakāśa; cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] an intoxicating beverage, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a woman who keeps down all expression of resentment or jealousy, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] Name of a woman, [Catalogue(s)]

15) Dhīra (धीर):—n. saffron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (not always, [especially] in [compound], separable from 1. dhīra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhīra (धीर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Wise, cautious; firm; strong; sedate; headstrong; lazy; deep (sound). m. Bāli; the ocean. f. () A drug. m. n. Saffron.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhīra (धीर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Dhīra, Dhīrava, Dhīrāa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhira in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Dhīra (धीर) [Also spelled dhir]:—(a) patient; resolute, firm, steady; slow; (nm) consolation, solace; patience; ~[cetā] of steady mind, firm and resolute; ~[praśāṃta] (a category of hero in traditional Indian poetics) whose characteristic is quiet gallantry; quietly gallant; ~[lalita] (a category of traditional Indian poetical hero) whose personality is characterised by steady gallantry and frolicsomeness;—[baṃdhānā] to console; —[dhīrā so gaṃbhīrā] still waters run deep.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Dhīra (धीर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Dhīra.

2) Dhīra (धीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhīra.

3) Dhīra (धीर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Dhairya.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhīra (ಧೀರ):—

1) [adjective] not daunted; willing to face danger, pain or trouble; brave; dauntless.

2) [adjective] resolute; determined; resolved; unwavering.

3) [adjective] having an impressive and manly appearance.

4) [adjective] charming; beautiful; attractive.

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Dhīra (ಧೀರ):—

1) [noun] the quality of being dauntless, fearless; bravery; courage.

2) [noun] a brave, courageous, fearless man.

3) [noun] a man of very keen intelligence.

4) [noun] a scholar or wise man.

5) [noun] an ocean or sea.

6) [noun] the dried, aromatic stigmas of the perennial plant Crocus sativus of Iridaceae family, used in flavouring and colouring foods, and formerly in medicine; saffron powder.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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