Vinaya; 11 Definition(s)


Vinaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Vinaya in Purana glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

1a) Vinaya (विनय).—A son of Lajjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36.

1b) A son of Cancu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 118.

1c) The discipline of mind and body important to a king; ill-disciplined kings have lost their empires; while disciplined kings leading a forest life attained kingdom through vinaya;1 of a Prince.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 52.
  • 2) Ib. 220. 4-7; 225. 7.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

The monastic discipline, spanning six volumes in printed text, whose rules and traditions define every aspect of the bhikkhus and bhikkhunis way of life. The essence of the rules for monastics is contained in the Patimokkha. The conjunction of the Dhamma with the Vinaya forms the core of the Buddhist religion: "Dhamma vinaya" - "the doctrine and discipline" - is the name the Buddha gave to the religion he founded.Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

M (Refusal, (morality). (Refusal of everything that is mean, disrespectful, careless, and propitious to sensuous delight and ignorance). Set of that which Buddha has taught in the field of conduct designed for bhikkhus.

The vinaya, whose patimokkha does constitute the core, is the first among the three portions of the tipitaka. The vinaya tends to be unfortunately often neglected. However it does deserve a great deal of consideration as it is the unavoidable foundation of the practice conducive to nibbana.

See also: The vinaya

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

book of Discipline for the monks

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

the monastic discipline, or the scriptural collection of its rules and commentaries.

Source: Amaravati: Glossary

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vinaya (विनय).—How many types of reverence (vinaya) are there? It is of four types, namely:

  1. knowledge (jñāna),
  2. faith (darśana),
  3. conduct (cāritra),
  4. custom of homage (upacāra).
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Vinaya in Pali glossary... « previous · [V] · next »

vinaya : (m.) discipline; the code of monastic discipline; removal.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Vinaya, (fr. vi+, cp. vineti) 1. driving out, abolishing destruction, removal Vin. I, 3 (asmi-mānassa), 235= III, 3 (akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ vinayāya dhammaṃ desemi); S. I, 40; Sn. 921; A. I, 91 (kodha°, upanāha°); II, 34 (pipāsa°); IV, 15 (icchā°); V, 165 (id.); SnA 12; PvA. 114 (atthassa mūlaṃ nikati°). Often in phrase rāga°, dosa°, moha°, e.g. S. IV, 7 sq.; V, 137 sq. 241; A. IV, 175; Nett 22.—2. rule (in logic), way of saying or judging, sense, terminology (cp. iminā nayena) S. IV, 95 (ariyassa vinaye vuccati loko); A. I, 163 (ariyassa vinaye tevijjo one called a threefold wise in the nomenclature of the Buddhist); II, 166 (ariyassa v.); SnA 403.—3. norm of conduct, ethics, morality, good behaviour Sn. 916, 974; J. IV, 241 (=ācāra-vinaya C.); A. II, 112; III, 353 sq. (ariya-vinaye saddhā yassa patiṭṭhitā etc. faith established in Buddhist ethics).—4. code of ethics, monastic discipline, rule, rules of morality or of canon law. In this sense applied to the large collection of rules which grew up in the monastic life and habits of the bhikkhus and which form the ecclesiastical introduction to the “Dhamma, ” the “doctrine, ” or theoretical, philosophical part of the Buddhist Canon. The history & importance of the Vinaya Piṭaka will be dealt with under the title “Vinaya” in the Dictionary of Names. Only a few refs. must suffice here to give a general idea. See also under Dhamma C. and in detail Geiger, Dhamma pp. 55—58.—Often combd with dhamma: dhammato vinayato ca on the ground of Dh. and V. Vin. I, 337; cp. II. 247.—dhammo ca vinayo ca Vin. I, 356; II, 285, 302; or (as (Dvandva) dhammavinaya (i.e. the teaching of the Buddha in its completeness) D. I, 229; Vin. II, 237 sq.; M. I, 284; II, 181 sq.; A. I, 283; III, 297, 327; S. I, 9; III, 65; Ud. 53; VvA. 3. Often approaches the meaning of “Buddhist order, ” e.g. Vin. I, 69; D. I, 176; M. I, 68, 459, 480; III, 127; S. II, 120; A. I, 185; II, 123; V, 122.—See further Vin. II, 96 (vinaye cheko hoti); A. II, 168 (ayaṃ dhammo, ayaṃ v. idaṃ Satthu-sāsanaṃ); Vism. 522; VbhA. 273; KhA 106, 151; SnA 4, 195, 310.—a-vinaya one who sins against the V. (like a-dhamma one who neglects the Dh.) Vin. II, 295 sq.; III, 174; A. I, 18; V, 73 sq.—The division of the books of the Vinaya is given at DhsA. 18. Its character (as shown by its name) is given in the foll. verse at DhsA. 19: “(vividha-visesa-) nayattā vinayanato c’eva kāya-vācānaṃ vinayy’attha-vidūhi ayaṃ vinayo Vinayo ti akkhāto, ” i.e. “Because it shows precepts & principles, and governs both deed and word, therefore men call this scripture V. for so is V. interpreted” (Expos. I. 23).

—aṭṭhakathā the (old) commentary on the Vinaya Vism. 72, 272; VbhA. 334; KhA 97. —ânuggaha taking up (i.e. following the rules) of the Vinaya Vin. III, 21; A. I, 98, 100; V, 70. —kathā exposition of the Vinaya Vin. IV, 142. —dhara one who knows or masters the V. by heart, an expert in the V. Vin. I, 169; II, 299 (with dhamma-dhara & mātikā-dhara); A. I, 25; II, 147; III, 78 sq. 179, 361; IV, 140 sq.; V, 10 sq.; J. III, 486; IV, 219; Vism. 41, 72; KhA 151; DhA. II, 30 (with dhamma —kathika & dhuta-vāda) (cp. BSk. vinayadhara Divy 21). —piṭaka the V. Piṭaka KhA1 2, 97; VbhA. 431. —vatthu chapter of the V. Vin. II, 307. —vādin one who professes the V. (or “speaking in accordance with the rules of conduct”), a V. -follower D. I, 4 (here expld by Bdhgh as “saṃvara-vinaya-pahāna-vinaya sannissitaṃ katvā vadatī ti” v. DA. I, 76, thus taking it as vinaya 3) =M. III, 49=Pug. 58 (trsln here: “speaking according to self-control”); D. III, 135, 175. (Page 623)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

vinaya (विनय).—m (S) Humility, lowliness, meekness: also condescension, affability, graciousness, courteousness or mildness towards inferiors.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vinaya (विनय).—m Humility. Condescension.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—a.

1) Cast, thrown.

2) Secret.

3) Ill-behaved.

-yaḥ 1 Guidance, discipline, instruction (in one's duties), moral training; सर्वक्षत्त्रनिवर्हणस्य विनयं कुर्युः कथं क्षत्त्रियाः (sarvakṣattranivarhaṇasya vinayaṃ kuryuḥ kathaṃ kṣattriyāḥ) Mv.3.37; प्रजानां विनयाधानात् (prajānāṃ vinayādhānāt) R.1.24; Māl.1.5; विनया- धिकारिकं प्रथमाधिकरणम् (vinayā- dhikārikaṃ prathamādhikaraṇam) Kau. A.

2) Sense of propriety, decorum, decency; अनुयास्यन् मुनितनयां सहसा विनयेन वारित- प्रसरः (anuyāsyan munitanayāṃ sahasā vinayena vārita- prasaraḥ) Ś.1.28.

3) Polite conduct, gentleman-like bearing, good breeding or manners; गुणैश्च तैस्तैर्विनयप्रधानैः (guṇaiśca taistairvinayapradhānaiḥ) R.6.79; Māl.1.18.

4) Modesty, humility; सुष्ठु शोभसे आर्यपुत्र एतेन विनयमाहात्म्येन (suṣṭhu śobhase āryaputra etena vinayamāhātmyena) U.1; विद्या ददाति विनयम् (vidyā dadāti vinayam); तथापि नीचैर्विनयाददृश्यत (tathāpi nīcairvinayādadṛśyata) R.3.34;1.71 (where Malli. renders vinaya by indriyajaya or restraint of passions, unnecessarily in our opinion).

5) Reverence, courtesy, obeisance.

6) Conduct in general.

7) Drawing off, taking away, removing; उत्तरीयविनयात् त्रपमाणा (uttarīyavinayāt trapamāṇā) Śi.1.42.

8) A man who has subdued his senses.

9) A trader, merchant.

1) Chastisement (daṇḍa); शीलवृत्तमविज्ञाय धास्यामि विनयं परम् (śīlavṛttamavijñāya dhāsyāmi vinayaṃ param) Mb.3. 36.19.

11) An office, business; विफलविनययत्नाः कामिनीनां वयस्याः (viphalavinayayatnāḥ kāminīnāṃ vayasyāḥ) Śi.11.36.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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