Vinaya: 19 definitions

Introduction

Vinaya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Vinaya (विनय) or Vinayocita refers to “humble behaviour”, which is preferred above evil propensities (duśceṣṭita), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, as Guṇanidhi, who was addicted to gambling (dyūta), was told by his mother as follows:—“[...] how is it that you do not feel ashamed of wickedness (durvṛtta)? Dear son, your maternal uncles too are matchless in learning (vidyā), conduct (śīla) and pedigree (kula) and other things. You are not afraid even of them. [...] See the Brahmin boys of your neighbourhood. Even in our house see the disciples of your father. How humbly do they behave (vinaya-ucita)? Dear son, if the king hears of your evil propensities (duśceṣṭita), he will cease to respect your father and may even suspend the regular maintenance allowance”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vinaya (विनय).—A son of Lajjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 9. 61; Vāyu-purāṇa 10. 36.

1b) A son of Cancu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 118.

1c) The discipline of mind and body important to a king; ill-disciplined kings have lost their empires; while disciplined kings leading a forest life attained kingdom through vinaya;1 of a Prince.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 215. 52.
  • 2) Ib. 220. 4-7; 225. 7.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist TermsThe monastic discipline, spanning six volumes in printed text, whose rules and traditions define every aspect of the bhikkhus and bhikkhunis way of life. The essence of the rules for monastics is contained in the Patimokkha. The conjunction of the Dhamma with the Vinaya forms the core of the Buddhist religion: "Dhamma vinaya" - "the doctrine and discipline" - is the name the Buddha gave to the religion he founded.Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M (Refusal, (morality). (Refusal of everything that is mean, disrespectful, careless, and propitious to sensuous delight and ignorance). Set of that which Buddha has taught in the field of conduct designed for bhikkhus.

The vinaya, whose patimokkha does constitute the core, is the first among the three portions of the tipitaka. The vinaya tends to be unfortunately often neglected. However it does deserve a great deal of consideration as it is the unavoidable foundation of the practice conducive to nibbana.

See also: The vinaya

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

book of Discipline for the monks

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Amaravati: Glossary

the monastic discipline, or the scriptural collection of its rules and commentaries.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Vinaya (विनय, “reverence”) represents a characteristic of six-fold inner penance: one of the two kinds of tapas, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, in the sermon of Sūri Dharmaghoṣa:—“[...] that is called penance (tapas) that burns away karma. Outer penance is fasting, etc., and inner is confession and penance, etc. [...] Confession and penance (prayaścitta), service to others (vaiyāvṛtta), study of sacred texts (svādhyāya), reverence (vinaya), indifference to the body (vyutsarga), good meditation (śubhadhyāna) are the sixfold inner penance”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Vinaya (विनय).—How many types of reverence (vinaya) are there? It is of four types, namely:

  1. knowledge (jñāna),
  2. faith (darśana),
  3. conduct (cāritra),
  4. custom of homage (upacāra).
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vinaya.—(IE 8-8; EI 30), fines. (EI 13), same as indriya-jaya. Note: vinaya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vinaya : (m.) discipline; the code of monastic discipline; removal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vinaya, (fr. vi+, cp. vineti) 1. driving out, abolishing destruction, removal Vin. I, 3 (asmi-mānassa), 235= III, 3 (akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ vinayāya dhammaṃ desemi); S. I, 40; Sn. 921; A. I, 91 (kodha°, upanāha°); II, 34 (pipāsa°); IV, 15 (icchā°); V, 165 (id.); SnA 12; PvA. 114 (atthassa mūlaṃ nikati°). Often in phrase rāga°, dosa°, moha°, e.g. S. IV, 7 sq.; V, 137 sq. 241; A. IV, 175; Nett 22.—2. rule (in logic), way of saying or judging, sense, terminology (cp. iminā nayena) S. IV, 95 (ariyassa vinaye vuccati loko); A. I, 163 (ariyassa vinaye tevijjo one called a threefold wise in the nomenclature of the Buddhist); II, 166 (ariyassa v.); SnA 403.—3. norm of conduct, ethics, morality, good behaviour Sn. 916, 974; J. IV, 241 (=ācāra-vinaya C.); A. II, 112; III, 353 sq. (ariya-vinaye saddhā yassa patiṭṭhitā etc. faith established in Buddhist ethics).—4. code of ethics, monastic discipline, rule, rules of morality or of canon law. In this sense applied to the large collection of rules which grew up in the monastic life and habits of the bhikkhus and which form the ecclesiastical introduction to the “Dhamma, ” the “doctrine, ” or theoretical, philosophical part of the Buddhist Canon. The history & importance of the Vinaya Piṭaka will be dealt with under the title “Vinaya” in the Dictionary of Names. Only a few refs. must suffice here to give a general idea. See also under Dhamma C. and in detail Geiger, Dhamma pp. 55—58.—Often combined with dhamma: dhammato vinayato ca on the ground of Dh. and V. Vin. I, 337; cp. II. 247.—dhammo ca vinayo ca Vin. I, 356; II, 285, 302; or (as (Dvandva) dhammavinaya (i.e. the teaching of the Buddha in its completeness) D. I, 229; Vin. II, 237 sq.; M. I, 284; II, 181 sq.; A. I, 283; III, 297, 327; S. I, 9; III, 65; Ud. 53; VvA. 3. Often approaches the meaning of “Buddhist order, ” e.g. Vin. I, 69; D. I, 176; M. I, 68, 459, 480; III, 127; S. II, 120; A. I, 185; II, 123; V, 122.—See further Vin. II, 96 (vinaye cheko hoti); A. II, 168 (ayaṃ dhammo, ayaṃ v. idaṃ Satthu-sāsanaṃ); Vism. 522; VbhA. 273; KhA 106, 151; SnA 4, 195, 310.—a-vinaya one who sins against the V. (like a-dhamma one who neglects the Dh.) Vin. II, 295 sq.; III, 174; A. I, 18; V, 73 sq.—The division of the books of the Vinaya is given at DhsA. 18. Its character (as shown by its name) is given in the foll. verse at DhsA. 19: “(vividha-visesa-) nayattā vinayanato c’eva kāya-vācānaṃ vinayy’attha-vidūhi ayaṃ vinayo Vinayo ti akkhāto, ” i.e. “Because it shows precepts & principles, and governs both deed and word, therefore men call this scripture V. for so is V. interpreted” (Expos. I. 23).

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vinaya (विनय).—m (S) Humility, lowliness, meekness: also condescension, affability, graciousness, courteousness or mildness towards inferiors.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vinaya (विनय).—m Humility. Condescension.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—a.

1) Cast, thrown.

2) Secret.

3) Ill-behaved.

-yaḥ 1 Guidance, discipline, instruction (in one's duties), moral training; सर्वक्षत्त्रनिवर्हणस्य विनयं कुर्युः कथं क्षत्त्रियाः (sarvakṣattranivarhaṇasya vinayaṃ kuryuḥ kathaṃ kṣattriyāḥ) Mv.3.37; प्रजानां विनयाधानात् (prajānāṃ vinayādhānāt) R.1.24; Māl.1.5; विनया- धिकारिकं प्रथमाधिकरणम् (vinayā- dhikārikaṃ prathamādhikaraṇam) Kau. A.

2) Sense of propriety, decorum, decency; अनुयास्यन् मुनितनयां सहसा विनयेन वारित- प्रसरः (anuyāsyan munitanayāṃ sahasā vinayena vārita- prasaraḥ) Ś.1.28.

3) Polite conduct, gentleman-like bearing, good breeding or manners; गुणैश्च तैस्तैर्विनयप्रधानैः (guṇaiśca taistairvinayapradhānaiḥ) R.6.79; Māl.1.18.

4) Modesty, humility; सुष्ठु शोभसे आर्यपुत्र एतेन विनयमाहात्म्येन (suṣṭhu śobhase āryaputra etena vinayamāhātmyena) U.1; विद्या ददाति विनयम् (vidyā dadāti vinayam); तथापि नीचैर्विनयाददृश्यत (tathāpi nīcairvinayādadṛśyata) R.3.34;1.71 (where Malli. renders vinaya by indriyajaya or restraint of passions, unnecessarily in our opinion).

5) Reverence, courtesy, obeisance.

6) Conduct in general.

7) Drawing off, taking away, removing; उत्तरीयविनयात् त्रपमाणा (uttarīyavinayāt trapamāṇā) Śi.1.42.

8) A man who has subdued his senses.

9) A trader, merchant.

1) Chastisement (daṇḍa); शीलवृत्तमविज्ञाय धास्यामि विनयं परम् (śīlavṛttamavijñāya dhāsyāmi vinayaṃ param) Mb.3. 36.19.

11) An office, business; विफलविनययत्नाः कामिनीनां वयस्याः (viphalavinayayatnāḥ kāminīnāṃ vayasyāḥ) Śi.11.36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—m. (= Pali id.), (book of) discipline, one of the sections of the canon: Mahāvyutpatti 1414 (after sūtram, abhi- dharmaḥ); sūtra-vinayābhidharmeṇa Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 290.8; Vinaye, in the (text of the) V., Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 59.18; 60.9; 71.10; 158.17. In Śikṣāsamuccaya 190.4, kim-ākāraṃ śrutaṃ bodhisattva-vinaye praśastaṃ, Bendall in text and translation(s) understands bodhi- sattvavinaya as name of a work, but I believe it means merely in the training of Bodhisattvas; there follows immediately a citation from the Akṣayamati-sūtra. See next items.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. Modesty, affability, humility, mildness. 2. Reverence, obeisance. 3. Decorum, decency, propriety of conduct or behaviour. 4. Training, discipline. 5. Subduing the senses. 6. A man of subdued senses. 7. A merchant. f.

(-yā) 1. Secret. 2. Cast, thrown. 3. A plant. (Sida cordifolia, &c.) E. vi before, to obtain or guide, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—i. e. vi-nī + a, m. 1. Training, discipline, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 10, 80. 2. Good behaviour, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 122. 3. Behaviour, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 109, 6. 4. Reverence, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 35, 11. 5. Modesty, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vinaya (विनय).—[adjective] removing. [masculine] removal, withdrawal; training, breeding, discipline, good manners, modesty, courtesy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vinaya (विनय):—[=vi-naya] 1. vi-naya (said to be artificially formed [from] vi nṛ; for 2. See under vi-√nī) [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] yati (with prefix 3. vi; [indeclinable participle] vi-vinayya), [Pāṇini 1-4, 1], [vArttika] 7, [Patañjali]

2) [=vi-naya] [from vi-nī] 2. vi-naya mfn. (for 1. See p.969) leading away or asunder, separating, [Ṛg-veda ii, 24, 9]

3) [v.s. ...] cast, thrown, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] secret, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. taking away, removal, withdrawal, [Śiśupāla-vadha x, 42]

6) [v.s. ...] leading, guidance, training ([especially] moral tr°), education, discipline, control, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] (with Buddhists) the rules of discipline for monks, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 55 etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] good breeding, propriety of conduct, decency, modesty, mildness, [ib.] (in the Purāṇas sometimes personified as son of Kriyā or of Lajjā)

9) [v.s. ...] an office, business, [Śiśupāla-vadha xi, 36]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Sudyumna, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] a man of subdued senses, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a merchant, trader, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Vinayā (विनया):—[=vi-nayā] [from vi-naya > vi-nī] f. Sida Cordifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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