Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 9.59

तपोवनस्थो ऽपि वृतः प्रजाभिर्जगाम राजा पुरमम्बरीषः ।
तथा महीं विप्रकृतामनार्यैस्तपोवनादेत्य ररक्ष रामः ॥ ५९ ॥

tapovanastho 'pi vṛtaḥ prajābhirjagāma rājā puramambarīṣaḥ |
tathā mahīṃ viprakṛtāmanāryaistapovanādetya rarakṣa rāmaḥ || 59 ||

'The king Ambarisha, though he had dwelt in the forest, went back to the city, surrounded by his children; so too Rama, seeing the earth oppressed by the base, came forth from his hermitage and ruled it again.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (9.59). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tapovana, Stha, Api, Vrit, Vrita, Praja, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Pur, Pura, Ambarisha, Tatha, Mahi, Viprakrit, Viprakrita, Anarya, Etya, Rama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 9.59). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tapovanastho 'pi vṛtaḥ prajābhirjagāma rājā puramambarīṣaḥ
  • tapovana -
  • tapovana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • stho' -
  • stha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    sthā (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    as (verb class 2)
    [present active second dual]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vṛtaḥ -
  • vṛt (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛt (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
    vṛta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
    vṛ -> vṛta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vṛ class 5 verb], [nominative single from √vṛ class 9 verb]
  • prajābhir -
  • prajā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • jagāma -
  • (verb class 3)
    [imperative active first plural]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • rājā -
  • rājā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    rāj (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    rāj (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • puram -
  • pura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    purā (noun, feminine)
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • ambarīṣaḥ -
  • ambarīṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “tathā mahīṃ viprakṛtāmanāryaistapovanādetya rarakṣa rāmaḥ
  • tathā* -
  • tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • mahīm -
  • mahī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • viprakṛtām -
  • viprakṛt (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    viprakṛt (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    viprakṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • anāryais -
  • anārya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    anārya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • tapovanād -
  • tapovana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • etya -
  • etya (indeclinable)
  • rarakṣa -
  • rakṣ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • rāmaḥ -
  • rāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 9.59

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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