Tapovana, Tapas-vana: 15 definitions


Tapovana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tapovana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Tapovana (तपोवन) refers to a “penance grove”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.5. Accordingly, as Sandhyā spoke to Nārada:—“[...] O sage, I came to this mountain [viz Candrabhāga] devoid of men to perform penance. I am the daughter of Brahmā and am known as Sandhyā. If it be proper and not inconvenient for you please instruct me. This is what I expect of you. There is nothing to be kept secret in this. Without knowing the procedure of penance I have come to this penance grove (tapovana). Due to this worry I am perplexed and my heart trembles”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Tapovana in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Tapovana (तपोवन) refers to the “grove of ascetics”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 3.18.—Accordingly: “When the complete birth ritual was done by the ascetic chaplain who had come from the grove of ascetics (tapovana), Dilīpa’s son shone yet more, like a precious stone taken from a mine and then polished”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A group of monasteries near Anuradhapura inhabited by the Pamsukulikas. They lay in the forest district to the west of the city. Cv.lii.22; liii.14ff; also Cv.Trs.i.163, n.8.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society 1963

Tapovana is the name of an area that was situated in the western area of Anurādhapura.—Tapovana was the area in which the ruins of the Western monasteries are situated. Prior to the reign of Mānavamma (684-718) there is no reference in the Chronicles to the ascetics called Paṃsukūlins. The Tapovana is first mentioned in the reign of Kassapa IV (898-914): the kingbuilt a dwelling there for the Paṃsukūlins. Kassapa V (914-923) built the Devā dwelling in the Tapovana.

The Tapovana was also known as “the Grove of the Penitents”. In the reign of Udaya III (946-954) some officials of the Court, through fear of the king, sought sanctuary in the monasteries of the Tapovana, and, on the king's orders, they were pursued, seized and executed there. The Paṃsukūlins abandoned their temples in protest and the populace rose in rebellion, compelling the king to seek out the Paṇsukūlins and obtain their pardon.

Anurādhapura (where Tapovana was situated) was first founded as a village settlement in the second half of the 6th century B.C. by a Minister named Anurādha of the first, traditional King, Vijaya. The embellishment of the town with thūpas and vihāras began in the reign of Devānaṃpiya Tissa (B.C. 247-207).

Source: What is India: Epigraphia Indica volume XXXI (1955-56)

Tapovana is the name of a locality  mentioned in the “Plate of Lalitaśūradeva” (853-854 A.D.). Tapovana is referred to as located at Badarik-āśrama may possibly be identified with modern Tapoban or Dhaktapoban, a village on the left bank of the Dhauli river about nine miles from Joṣīmaṭh

This inscribed copper plate (mentioning Tapovana) is preserved in the temple of Yogabadarī (one of the Pañcabadarī) at Pāṇḍukeśvar (Pāṇḍukeśvara). The date is estimated 22nd December 853 A.D. and it records the grant of some land which was in the possession of a person named Denduvāka and was lying within the jurisdiction of the administrative unit called Thappalasāri forming a part of the viṣaya or district of Kārttikeyapura.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tapōvana (तपोवन).—n (S) A forest in which ascetics and devotees perform their austerities. tapōvana is the origin of the ancient word Tapobane (Ceylon.)

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tapōvana (तपोवन).—n A forest in which ascetics perform their tapa.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Tapovana (तपोवन).—a penance-grove, a sacred grove in which ascetics practise penance; कृतं त्वयोपवनं तपोवनमिति प्रेक्षे (kṛtaṃ tvayopavanaṃ tapovanamiti prekṣe) Ś1; R.1.9;2.18.

Derivable forms: tapovanam (तपोवनम्).

Tapovana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and vana (वन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapovana (तपोवन).—n.

(-naṃ) A sacred grove, a place frequented by asceties. E. tapas, and vana a wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapovana (तपोवन).—n. a place frequented by ascetics, a sacred grove, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 83. Nirvaṇa, i. e.

Tapovana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms tapas and vana (वन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapovana (तपोवन).—[neuter] penance grove, hermitage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Tapovana (तपोवन):—[=tapo-vana] [from tapo > tap] n. a grove in which religious austerities are performed, [Nalopākhyāna xii, 62; Rāmāyaṇa i; Śakuntalā; Raghuvaṃśa]

2) Tapovanā (तपोवना):—[=tapo-vanā] [from tapo-vana > tapo > tap] f., [Kathāsaritsāgara xxii.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Tapovana (तपोवन):—[tapo-vana] (naṃ) 1. n. A sacred grove.

[Sanskrit to German]

Tapovana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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